Effect of Artemisia annua L. leaf extract on the incidence and severity of Aphis fabae Scop. in intercropped and pure stand common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

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Research Paper 01/08/2018
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Effect of Artemisia annua L. leaf extract on the incidence and severity of Aphis fabae Scop. in intercropped and pure stand common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Kennedy Odhiambo Ogonda, Millicent F. O. Ndonga, Francis N. Muyekho, Dennis Omaiyo
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.13( 2), 33-42, August 2018.
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This field study was conducted in Kaimosi Agricultural Training Centre (KATC) farm in Kenya during the short rains of 2015 and long rains of 2016. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of A. annua leaf extracts on incidence and severity of A. fabae in bean pure stand, bean/maize and bean/Solanum scabrum Mill. intercrops. This was in attempt to find a cost-effective and environmentally friendlier alternative to synthetic insecticides. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Block Design with twelve treatments each replicated thrice. Analysis of variance was used to compare means of number of A. fabae plant-1, plant height, leaf width, number of pods plant-1, number of crinkled leaves plant-1, fresh and dry weights of bean plant and dry weight of bean seeds plant-1 at p<0.05. From the results, A. fabae incidence was highest under bean/S. scabrum intercrop + distilled water combination at 80.76 and 44.32 during the short and long rains respectively. This was higher compared to 16.75 and 12.16 during the short and long rains respectively under bean/S. scabrum intercrop + 5% A. annua combination. Bean/S. scabrum + distilled water combination recorded the lowest grain weight plant-1 at 7.98g and 7.44g during the short and long rains respectively. This was lower compared to 12.10g and 12.19g under bean/S. scabrum + 5% A. annua during the short and long rains respectively. It can be concluded that A. annua extracts are effective in controlling incidence and severity of A. fabae under the three cropping systems.


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