Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | September 1, 2019

| Download 1

Effect of Chitosan (Growth Enhancer) on the growth and yield of different Pea (Pisum sativum L.) varieties under arid condition of Bannu Pakistan

Zakiullah, Muhammad Fareed Khan, Irfanullah, Najeebullah, Abdul Khaliq, Muhammad Riaz, Tahsin Razzaq, Madiha Urooj, Habibullah Kakar, Faheemullah, Saima Shafique

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.15(3), 10-20, September 2019


IJAAR 2019 [Generate Certificate]


The effect of Chitosan on the growth and yield of different Pea (Pisum sativum L.) varieties were investigated. Three varieties of pea namely Meteor, Alina, Meteor indian were tested with four levels of Chitosan i.e. 0, 200, 250, and 300ppm. This research was conducted in Agriculture Research Area of Bannu during 2011. The study was designed with randomized complete blocks design (RCBD) with 3 replications. Data were recorded for various metric and biochemical trails. Germination percentages, survival percentage, plant height (cm), no. of leaves plant-1, chlorophyll contents, total sugar (%), no of flowers plant-1, no of pods plant-1, vitamin C (mg/10). It is concluded that the application of Chitosan 250ppm Alina variety gives good results in most of parameters growth and yield at arid condition of Bannu.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of Chitosan (Growth Enhancer) on the growth and yield of different Pea (Pisum sativum L.) varieties under arid condition of Bannu Pakistan

Abdel-Mawgoud AMR, Tantawy AS, El-Nemr MA, Sassine YN. 2010. Euro. J. of Scientific Research 39(1), 161-168.

AOAC. 1994. Official methods of analysis, Association of Analytical Chemists. Ed. 16th Arlington Virginia, USA.

Bassi R, Prasher SO, Simpson K. 2000. Extraction of Metals from A Contaminated Sandy Soil Using Citric Acid. Environ. Prog 19(4), 275-282.

Bautista-Bonus S, Hernandez-Lauzardo AN, Velaquez-Delvalemg, Lopez M, Barka E, Bosque-Molina, Wilson L. 2006. Chitosan as A. Potential natural compound to control pre and post harvest diseases of Horticulture commodities. Crop Pord 25, 108-118.

Becker T, Schlaak M, Strasdeit H. 2000. Adsorption of Nickel, Zinc and Cadmium Cation by New Chitosan Derivatives. React. Funct. Polym 44(3), 289-298.

Chibu H, Shibayama H. 2001. Effects of Chitosan applications on the growth of several crops, in: T. Uragami, K. Kurita, T. Fukamizo (Eds.), Chitin and Chitosan in life science, Yamaguchi, pp. 235-239.

Delphine Vincent, Catherine Lapierre, Brigitte Pollet, Gabriel Cornic, Luc Negroni, Michel Z. 2005. Water Deficits Affect Caffeate O-Methyltransferase, Lignification, and Related Enzymes in Maize Leaves. A Proteomic Investigation. Plant Physiology 137, 949-960.

Dong H, Cheng L, Tan J, Zheng K, Jiang Y. 2004. Effects of Chitosan coating on quality and shelf life of peeled litchi fruit. J. of Food Engineering 64, 355-358.

Farouk SAA, Mosa AA, Heba M, Ibrahim AM, Gahmery H. 2011. Protective effect of humic acid and chitosan on radish Raphanus sativus (L. var. sativus) plants subjected to cadmium stress physiol. Biochem 7, 99-116.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 1994. Production Year Book. Rome, Italy.

Gornik K, Grzesik M, Romanowska-Duda B. 2008. The Effect of Chitosan on Rooting of Grapevine Cuttings and on Subsequent Plant Growth under Drought and Temperature Stress. J. of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research 16, 333-343.

Hirano S. 1997. Applications of chitin and Chitosan in the ecological and environment fields, in: M.F.A. Goosen (Ed), Application of chitin and Chitosan, Technomic Publishing Company, pp. 31-54.

Kim HJ, Chen F, Wang X, Rajapakse N. 2005. Effect of Chitosan on the biological properties of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53, 3696-3701.

Lee YS, Kim YH, Kim B. 2005. Changes in the respiration, growth, and vitamin C content of soybean sprouts in response to Chitosan of different molecular weight. Hort Science 40, 1333-1335.

Muzzarelli C, Riccardo A, Muzzarelli A. 2005. Natural and artificial Chitosan-inorganic composites. Journal of inorganic Biochemistry 92, 89-94.

Sheikha S. 2011. Physiological studies for different concentration from biochikol 020 PC (Chitosan) on Bean Plant. J. Asian Sci. Res 1, 73-86.

Tsugita T, Takahashi K, Muraoka T, Fukui H. 1993. The application of chitin/Chitosan for agriculture. 7th Symposium on chitin and Chitosan, Fukui, Japan, pp 21- 22(in Japanese).

Urbano G, Aranda P, Gomez EV. 2003. Nutritional evaluation of pea (Pisum sativum L.) protein diets after mild hydrothermal treatment and with and without added phytase. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51, 2415-2420.

Utsunomiya N, Kinai H. 1994. Effect of Chitosan –oligosaccharides soil conditioner on the growth of passion fruit. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Society 64, 176-177(in Japanese).

Wanichpongpan P, Suriyachan K, Chandrkrachang S. 2001. Effect of Chitosan on the growth of Gerbera flower plant (Gerbera jamesonii).Chitin and Chitosan: chitine and Chitosan in life science, Yamaguchi, japan, pp 198-201.

Xiao J, Liwei Z, Wen L, Xiaoyong S, Yun D. 2010. Combined action of pure oxygen pretreatment and chitosan coating incorporated with rosemary extracts on the quality of fresh-cut pears. Food Chemistry 121, 1003-1009.

Yin H, Xiaoming Z, Yuguag D. 2009. Low molecular weight and oligomeric Chitosans and their bioactivities. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry 9(16), 1546-1559.

Zohuriaan-Mehr MJ, Kabiri K. 2008. Superabsorbent Polymer Materials: A Review. Iranian polymer Journal 17(6), 451-477.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background