Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Effect of coagulation-adsorption pretreatment on ultrafiltration membrane fouling to remove organic matter on leachate

Research Paper | June 1, 2018

| Download 12

Rinika Ardina Rahman, Mahmud, Abdul Ghofur, Hesty Heryani

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 6), 166-175, June 2018


JBES 2018 [Generate Certificate]


Fouling is something that caused the limits toward the performance of ultrafiltration membranes (UF). The presence of organic matter in leachate water becomes the main cause of membrane fouling. Pre-treated of coagulation-adsorption becomes a solution in reducing fouling and improving UF membrane performances. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of coagulation-adsorption pre-treatment on the removal of organic matter on leachate and to analyze the most appropriate fouling model to illustrate the hybrid coagulation-adsorption and UF membrane process. The coagulation process was carried out in the optimum condition with pH: 9 and 6g/L with Al2(SO4)3.18H2O, then in coagulation-adsorption process using equilibrium contact time for 60 min with variation of adsorbent dose (0,4;0,5; 0,6;0,7;0,8 and 0,9g/L) and then it was filtered using UF membrane for 60 min with pressure of 1 bar. The Modified Fouling Index (MFI) is an appropriate model to illustrate the formation of fouling in the hybrid coagulation-adsorption and UF membrane processes in the leaching of organic matter in leachate.


Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of coagulation-adsorption pretreatment on ultrafiltration membrane fouling to remove organic matter on leachate

Amin SM. 2004. Early discovery of RO membrane fouling and real-time monitoring of plant performance for optimizing cost of water. Desalination 165, 183-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2004.06.021

Boerlage SFE, Kennedy MD, Dickson MR, El-Hodali DEY, Schippers JC. 2002. The Modified Fouling Index Using Ultrafiltration Membranes (MFI-UF): Characterisation, Filtration Mechanisms and Proposed Reference Membrane. Journal of Membrane Science 197,1-21. https://doi.org/10. 1016/ S0376-7388(01)00618-4

Chinu K, Johir AH, Vigneswaran S, Shon HK, Kandasamy J. 2010 . Assessment of Pretreatment to Microfiltration for Disalination in Terms of Fouling Index and Molecular Weight Distribution. Desalination 250, 644-647. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.desal.2009.09.041

Chuang SH, Chang WC, Shao H, Chiou YT. 2007. Effects Of Polymer On Membrane Fouling Index. Journal Enviro Engineer Manage 17, 351-355.

Fachrozi M. 2013. Proses Hibrid Koagulasi Ultrafiltrasi Pada Penyisihan Bahan Organik Alami (BOA) Dalam Air Gambut : Pengaruh Jenis Koagulan Terhadap Fouling Membran. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.

Gao W, Liang H, Ma J, Han M, Chen ZL, Han ZS, Li GB. 2011. Membrane fouling control in ultrafiltration technology for drinking water production: A review. Desalination 272, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.desal.2011.01.051

Herwati N. 2013. Pengaruh pH Air Gambut Terhadap Fouling Membran Ultrafiltrasi. Lambung Mangkurat University.

Huang H, Lee N, Young T, Gary A, Lozier JC, Jacangelo JG. 2007. Natural organic matter fouling of low-pressure, hollow-fiber membranes: effects of NOM source and hydrodynamic conditions. Water Research 41, 3823-3832

Jayalakshmi A, Rajesh S, Mohan D. 2012. Fouling propensity and separation efficiency of epoxidated polyethersulfone incorporated cellulose acetate ultrafiltration membrane in the retention of proteins. Applied Surface Science 258, 9770-9781.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc. 2012.06.028

Jung CW, Son HJ, Kang LS. 2006. Effects of membrane material and pretreatment coagulation on membrane fouling: fouling mechanism and NOM removal. Desalination 197,154-164. https://doi.org/ 10. 1016/ j.desal.2005.12.022

Katsoufidou K, Yiantsios SG, Karabelas AJ. 2005. A study of ultrafiltration membrane fouling by humic acids and flux recovery by backwashing: experiments and modeling. Journal of Membrane Science 266, 40-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.memsci.2005.05.009

Koo CH, Mohammad AW, Suja F, Talib MZM. 2013. Setting-up of modified fouling index (MFI) and crossflow sampler-modified fouling index (CFS-MFI) measurement devices for NF/RO fouling. Journal of Membrane Science 435, 165-175. https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.memsci.2013.02.027

Lee JW, Choi SP, Thiruvenkatachari R, Shim WG, Moon H. 2006. Submerged microfiltration membrane coupled with alum coagulation/powdered activated carbon adsorption for complete decolorization of reactive dyes. Water Research 40, 435-444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. watres.2005.11.034

Mahmud, Abdi C, Mu’min B. 2013. Removal Natural Organic Matter (NOM) in Peat Water from Wetland Area by Coagulation-Ultrafiltration Hybrid Process with Pretreatment Two-Stage Coagulation Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management     1, 42-49.

Mulder M. 1996. Basic Principles of Membran Technology. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherland.

Nanda D, Tung KL, Li YL, Lin NJ, Chuang CJ. 2010. Effect of pH on Membrane Morphology, Fouling Potential, And Filtration Performance of Nanofiltration Membrane for Water Softening. Journal of Membrane Science 349, 411-420. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2009.12.004

Pratiwi AE. 2017. Pengaruh Pra-Perlakuan Koagulasi-Adsorpsi Terhadap Fouling Membran Ultrafiltrasi Polisulfon (Uf-Psf) Pada Penyisihan Bahan Organik Alami (BOA) Air Gambut. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.

Priambodho K. 2005. Kualitas air lindi pada Tempat Pembuangan Akhir Sampah Galuga Kabupaten Bogor. Skripsi. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Institut Pertanian Bogor. http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/14109

Qiao X, Zhenjia Z, Nongcun W, Wee V, Low M, Loh CS, Hing NT. 2008. Coagulation pretreatment for a large-scale ultrafiltration process treating water from the Taihu River. Desalination 230, 305-313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2007.11.032

Rachman RM. 2011. Assessment Of Silt Density Index (SDI) As Fouling Propensity Parameter In Reverse Osmosis Desalination. King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Thuwal.

Rahma A, Mahmud, Chairul A. 2017. Pengaruh Pra-Perlakuan Adsorpsi Karbon Aktif Terhadap Fouling Membran Ultrafiltrasi Polisulfon (Uf-Psf) Pada Penyisihan Bahan Organik Alami (BOA) Air Gambut. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.

Saputra AA. 2014. Proses Hibrid Koagulasi-Ultrafiltrasi dalam Penyisihan Bahan Organik Alami (BOA) Pada Air Gambut: Pengaruh Variasi Dosis Koagulan Terhadap Fouling Membran.Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.

Schippers JC, Hanemaayer JH, Smolders CA, Kostense A. 1981. Predicting flux decline of reverse osmosis membranes. Desalination 38, 339-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0011-9164(00)86078-6

Suslova O, Govorukha V, Brovarskaya O, Matveeva N, Tashyreva H, Tashyrev O. 2014. Method for Determining Organic Compound Concentration in Biological Systems by Permanganate. International Journal Bioautoimune 18, 45-52.

Thörneby L, Mathiasson L, Mårtensson L, Hogland W. 2006. The performance of a natural treatment system for landfill leachate with special emphasis on the fate of organic pollutans. Waste Management and Research 24, 183-194.

Tutriyanti. 2017. Sintesis dan Karakterisasi Membran Polisulfon dengan Teknik Inversi Fasa: Pengaruh Konsentrasi Impregnan KCl pada Koagulan Terhadap Struktur Pori Membran. Program S1 Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.

Vilar VJP, Rocha EMR, Mota FS, Fonseca A, Saraiva I, Boaventura RAR. 2011. Treatment of sanitary landfill leachate using combined solar photo-fenton and biological immobilized biomass reactor at a pilot scale. Water Research 45, 2647-2658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.02.019

Yu CH, Fang LC, Lateef SK, Wu CH, Lin CF. 2010. Enzymatic treatment for controlling irreversible membrane fouling in cross-flow humic acid-fed ultrafiltration. Journal of Hazardous Material 177, 1153-1158. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.jhazmat.2010.01.022

Zondervan E, Betlem BHL, Blankert B, Roffel B. 2008. Modeling and optimization of a sequence of chemical cleaning factors in dead-end ultrafiltration, Journal of Membrane Science 308, 2007-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2007.09.066