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Effect of compost extracts applied at different times of transplanting tomato seedlings on Fusarium wilt of tomato

Research Paper | December 1, 2013

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A. U. Gurama, S. A. Adebitan, S. G. Haruna, A. Tijani, A. Y. Dawakiji

Key Words: Solanum lycopersicum, Compost extracts, Soil drenching, Disease severity Fusarium wilt

Int. J. Biosci.3( 12), 1-8, December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.12.1-8


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Pot experiment was conducted at the screenhouse of Crop Production Programme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, to study the efficacy of compost extracts applied at different times of transplanting tomato seedlings for suppression of Fusarium wilt on the crop. Three compost extracts: poultry manure based compost extracts (PMCE), cow dung based compost extracts (CDCE) and neem-leaf based compost extract (NLCE) were applied at one week before seedling transplanting (1WBT), at transplanting (ATRA), one week after transplanting (1WAT) and two weeks after transplanting (2WAT). The compost extracts were tested alongside a synthetic fungicide Team® for their efficacy on Fusarium wilt. Distilled water was used as control. The treatments were laid in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) which was replicated thrice. Each of the compost extracts was applied at 1: 5 (compost: water ) at the rate of 100 litres ha-1. The standard fungicide Team® was applied as soil drench at the rate of 100g / 100 litres of water. The result indicated that PMCE and CDCE applied at 1WBT and ATRA significantly reduced disease incidence and severitycompared with NLCE.Team was only effective in reducing incidence between the 4th and 5thweek after ransplanting. From this work, application of PMCE and CDCE at 1WBT is recommended as this will reduce the use of synthetic pesticide and additionally serve as an eco-friendly way of managing the disease. However, further research is necessary to identify the bio-control agents present in the compost extracts.


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