Effect of cover crops on the diversity and nematode community in Naawan, Misamis Oriental

Paper Details

Research Paper 09/04/2024
Views (131) Download (16)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Effect of cover crops on the diversity and nematode community in Naawan, Misamis Oriental

Jo-Ann Engaño, Jaime Guihawan, Joey Genevieve Martinez, Peter Suson
J. Bio. Env. Sci.24( 4), 36-47, April 2024.
Certificate: JBES 2024 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Cover crop management plays a significant role in regulating soil faunal composition. The structure of the soil nematode community, including abundance, diversity, and ecological indices, was compared across different plots of perennial plants, Arachis pintoi, and Sphagneticola trilobata, in a field experiment in Naawan, Misamis Oriental, Philippines. The soil was sampled 90 days after planting to assess nematode populations. Nematodes were then counted and identified up to the genus level. Additionally, nematode-based indices were used to evaluate the condition of the soil food web. The findings reveal that cover crops increased the nematode abundance from 1427 to 1451 individuals per 100 g, and diversity increased from 59 to 68 genera. Trophic groups, fungivores, and herbivores groups significantly changed. The A. pintoi plot also caused a 35% decrease in the overall herbivore group after 90 days of planting, whereas S. trilobata showed the lowest decrease. Sensitive genera belonging to cp 3 and 4 have increased only in A. pintoi, indicating a favorable soil food web condition among all cover crop treatmentsAmong the indices utilized, the structural index showed an immediate response to short-term investigation of the cultivation of cover crops. These findings provide valuable information for the limited cover crop studies in the Philippines. This study was conducted briefly; hence, other indices used may provide substantial evidence if the experiment is prolonged.

VIEWS 39

Aguirre O, Chávez C, Giraud A, Araya M. 2016. Frequencies and population densities of plant-parasitic nematodes on banana (Musa AAA) plantations in Ecuador from 2008 to 2014. Agronomía Colombiana 34(1), 61–73.

Alvarez R, Steinbach HS, De Paepe JL. 2017. Cover crop effects on soils and subsequent crops in the pampas: A meta-analysis. Soil and Tillage Research 170, 53–65.

Ankrom KE, Franco ALC, Fonte SJ, Gherardi LA, De Tomasel CM, Wepking C, Guan P, Cui S, Sala OE, Wall DH. 2022. Ecological maturity and stability of nematode communities in response to precipitation manipulations in grasslands. Applied Soil Ecology 170, 104263.

Biswal D. 2022. Nematodes as Ghosts of Land Use Past: Elucidating the Roles of Soil Nematode Community Studies as Indicators of Soil Health and Land Management Practices. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 194(5), 2357-2417.

Blanco-Canqui H, Ferguson RB, Jin VL, Schmer MR, Wienhold BJ, Tatarko J. 2014. Can Cover Crop and Manure Maintain Soil Properties After Stover Removal from Irrigated No‐Till Corn? Soil Science Society of America Journal 78(4), 1368-1377.

Blesh J. 2018. Functional traits in cover crop mixtures: Biological nitrogen fixation and multifunctionality. Journal of Applied Ecology 55(1), 38–48.

Bongers T. 1990. The maturity index: An ecological measure of environmental disturbance based on nematode species composition. Oecologia 83(1), 14–19.

Bongers T. 1999. The Maturity Index, the evolution of nematode life history traits, adaptive radiation, and cp-scaling. Plant and Soil 212(1), 13-22.

Bongers T, Bongers M. 1998. Functional diversity of nematodes. Applied Soil Ecology 10(3), 239-251.

Büchi L, Gebhard CA, Liebisch F, Sinaj S, Ramseier H, Charles R. 2015. Accumulation of biologically fixed nitrogen by legumes cultivated as cover crops in Switzerland. Plant and Soil 393(1-2), 163–175.

Bünemann EK, Bongiorno G, Bai Z, Creamer RE, De Deyn G, De Goede R, Fleskens L, Geissen V, Kuyper TW, Mäder P, Pulleman M, Sukkel W, Van Groenigen JW, Brussaard L. 2018. Soil quality- A critical review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 120, 105-125.

Donald PA, Holguin CM, Agudelo PA. 2013. First Report of Lance Nematode (Hoplolaimus magnistylus ) on Corn, Soybean, and Cotton in Tennessee. Plant Disease 97(10), 1389–1389.

Du Preez G, Daneel M, De Goede R, Du Toit MJ, Ferris H, Fourie H, Geisen S, Kakouli-Duarte T, Korthals G, Sánchez-Moreno S, Schmidt JH. 2022. Nematode-based indices in soil ecology: Application, utility, and future directions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 169, 108640.

Elhakeem A, Van Der Werf W, Ajal J, Lucà D, Claus S, Vico RA, Bastiaans L. 2019. Cover crop mixtures result in a positive net biodiversity effect irrespective of seeding configuration. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 285, 106627.

Esmaeilzadeh-Salestani K, Bahram M, Ghanbari Moheb Seraj R, Gohar D, Tohidfar M, Eremeev V, Talgre L, Khaleghdoust B, Mirmajlessi SM, Luik A, Loit E. 2021. Cropping systems with higher organic carbon promote soil microbial diversity. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 319, 107-521.

Fageria NK, Baligar VC, Bailey BA. 2005. Role of Cover Crops in Improving Soil and Row Crop Productivity. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 36(19-20), 2733–2757.

Ferris H, Bongers T, De Goede RGM. 2001. A framework for soil food web diagnostics: Extension of the nematode faunal analysis concept. Applied Soil Ecology 18(1), 3-16.

Finney DM, Kaye JP. 2017. Functional diversity in cover crop polycultures increases multifunctionality of an agricultural system. Journal of Applied Ecology 54(2), 509-517.

Garba II, Stirling GR, Stirling AM, Williams A. 2024. Cover crop functional types alter soil nematode community composition and structure in dryland crop-fallow rotations. Applied Soil Ecology 194, 105196.

Grabau ZJ, Maung ZTZ, Noyes DC, Baas DG, Werling BP, Brainard DC, Melakeberhan H. 2017. Effects of Cover Crops on Pratylenchus penetrans and the Nematode Community in Carrot Production. Journal of Nematology 49(1), 114-123.

Hallama M, Pekrun C, Lambers H, Kandeler E. 2019. Hidden miners – the roles of cover crops and soil microorganisms in phosphorus cycling through agroecosystems. Plant and Soil 434(1–2), 7-45.

Fageria NK, Baligar VC, Bailey BA. 2005. Role of Cover Crops in Improving Soil and Row Crop Productivity. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 36(19-20), 2733-2757.

Ferris H, Bongers T, De Goede RGM. 2001. A framework for soil food web diagnostics: Extension of the nematode faunal analysis concept. Applied Soil Ecology 18(1), 3-16.

Finney DM, Kaye JP. 2017. Functional diversity in cover crop polycultures increases multifunctionality of an agricultural system. Journal of Applied Ecology 54(2), 509-517.

Grabau ZJ, Maung ZTZ, Noyes DC, Baas DG, Werling BP, Brainard DC, Melakeberhan H. 2017. Effects of Cover Crops on Pratylenchus penetrans and the Nematode Community in Carrot Production. Journal of Nematology 49(1), 114-123.

Hallama M, Pekrun C, Lambers H, Kandeler E. 2019. Hidden miners- the roles of cover crops and soil microorganisms in phosphorus cycling through agroecosystems. Plant and Soil 434(1–2), 7-45.

Hu B, Jiang Z, Wang W, Qiu Y, Zhang Z, Liu Y, Li A, Gao X, Liu L, Qian Y, Huang X, Yu F, Kang S, Wang Y, Xie J, Cao S, Zhang L, Wang Y, Xie Q, Chu C. 2019. Nitrate–NRT1.1B–SPX4 cascade integrates nitrogen and phosphorus signalling networks in plants. Nature Plants 5(4), 401-413.

Hua E, Zhu Y, Huang D, Liu X. 2021. Are free-living nematodes effective environmental quality indicators. Insights from Bohai Bay, China. Ecological Indicators 127, 107756.

Ito T, Araki M, Komatsuzaki M, Kaneko N, Ohta H. 2015. Soil nematode community structure affected by tillage systems and cover crop managements in organic soybean production. Applied Soil Ecology 86, 137-147.

Karasawa T, Takahashi S. 2015. Introduction of various cover crop species to improve soil biological P parameters and P uptake of the following crops. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 103(1), 15-28.

Kauer K, Pärnpuu S, Talgre L, Eremeev V, Luik A. 2021. Soil Particulate and Mineral-Associated Organic Matter Increases in Organic Farming under Cover Cropping and Manure Addition. Agriculture 11(9), 903.

Kocira A, Staniak M, Tomaszewska M, Kornas R, Cymerman J, Panasiewicz K, Lipińska H. 2020. Legume Cover Crops as One of the Elements of Strategic Weed Management and Soil Quality Improvement. A Review. Agriculture 10(9), 394.

Krashevska V, Kudrin AA, Widyastuti R, Scheu S. 2019. Changes in Nematode Communities and Functional Diversity With the Conversion of Rainforest Into Rubber and Oil Palm Plantations. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7, 487.

Lal R. 2015. Restoring Soil Quality to Mitigate Soil Degradation. Sustainability 7(5), 5875–5895.

Leal-Bertioli SCM, Moretzsohn MC, Roberts PA, Ballén-Taborda C, Borba TCO, Valdisser PA, Vianello RP, Araújo ACG, Guimarães PM, Bertioli DJ. 2016. Genetic Mapping of Resistance to Meloidogyne arenaria in Arachis stenosperma: A New Source of Nematode Resistance for Peanut. G3 (Bethesda) 6(2), 377–390.

Leslie AW, Wang K-H, Meyer SLF, Marahatta S, Hooks CRR. 2017. Influence of cover crops on arthropods, free-living nematodes, and yield in a succeeding no-till soybean crop. Applied Soil Ecology, 117–118, 21-31.

Li QM, Qi XX, Zhang HF, Zhang YJ, Zhao JN, Wang H. 2023. Responses of soil nematode abundance and food web to cover crops in a kiwifruit orchard. Frontiers in Plant Science 14, 1173157.

Maltais-Landry G. 2015. Legumes have a greater effect on rhizosphere properties (pH, organic acids and enzyme activity) but a smaller impact on soil P compared to other cover crops. Plant and Soil 394(1–2), 139–154.

Martínez-García LB, Korthals G, Brussaard L, Jørgensen HB, De Deyn GB. 2018. Organic management and cover crop species steer soil microbial community structure and functionality along with soil organic matter properties. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 263, 7-17.

Ponge J-F. 2015. The soil as an ecosystem. Biology and Fertility of Soils 51(6), 645–648.

Saleem M, Pervaiz ZH, Contreras J, Lindenberger JH, Hupp BM, Chen D, Zhang Q, Wang C, Iqbal J, Twigg P. 2020. Cover crop diversity improves multiple soil properties via altering root architectural traits. Rhizosphere 16, 100-248.

Sánchez-Moreno S, Ferris H. 2018. Nematode ecology and soil health. In R. A. Sikora, D. Coyne, J. Hallmann, and P. Timper (Eds.), Plant parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture (3rd ed., pp. 62–86). CAB International.

Setyowati N, Muktamar Z, Puspitasari I. 2015. Weed based organic fertilizer to reduce application of synthetic fertilizer in mustard (Brasicca sinensis L.).

Sharpley A, Helmers MJ, Kleinman P, King K, Leytem A, Nelson N. 2019. Managing crop nutrients to achieve water quality goals. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 74(5), 91A-101A.

Shannon CE. 1948. A mathematical theory of communication. The Bell system technical journal 27(3), 379-423.

Sieriebriennikov B, Ferris H, De Goede RGM. 2014. NINJA: An automated calculation system for nematode-based biological monitoring. European Journal of Soil Biology 61, 90–93.

Soltangheisi A, Teles APB, Sartor LR, Pavinato PS. 2020. Cover Cropping May Alter Legacy Phosphorus Dynamics Under Long- Term Fertilizer Addition. Frontiers in Environmental Science 8, 13.

Speir SL, Tank JL, Trentman MT, Mahl UH, Sethna LR, Hanrahan BR, Royer TV. 2022. Cover crops control nitrogen and phosphorus transport from two agricultural watersheds at multiple measurement scales. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 326, 107765.

Sylvain ZA, Wall DH. 2011. Linking soil biodiversity and vegetation: Implications for a changing planet. American Journal of Botany 98(3), 517-527.

Van Den Hoogen J, Geisen S, Routh D, Ferris H, Traunspurger W, Wardle DA, De Goede RGM, Adams BJ, Ahmad W, Andriuzzi WS, Bardgett RD, Bonkowski M, Campos-Herrera R, Cares JE, Caruso T, De Brito Caixeta L, Chen X, Costa SR, Creamer R, Crowther TW. 2019. Soil nematode abundance and functional group composition at a global scale. Nature 572(7768), 194-198.

Wang KH, Hooks CR. 2011. Managing soil health and soil health bioindicators through the use of cover crops and other sustainable practices. Chapter 4, 1-18.

Wardle DA, Bardgett RD, Klironomos JN, Setala H, Van Der Putten WH, Wall DH. 2004. Ecological linkages between aboveground and belowground biota. Science 304(5677), 1629-1633.

Weerasekara CS, Udawatta RP, Gantzer CJ, Kremer RJ, Jose S, Veum KS. 2017. Effects of Cover Crops on Soil Quality: Selected Chemical and Biological Parameters. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 48(17), 2074–2082.

Wendling M, Büchi L, Amossé C, Sinaj S, Walter A, Charles R. 2016. Influence of root and leaf traits on the uptake of nutrients in cover crops. Plant and Soil 409(1–2), 419–434.

Wick A, Berti M, Lawley Y, Liebig M. 2017. Integration of Annual and Perennial Cover Crops for Improving Soil Health. In Soil Health and Intensification of Agroecosytems (pp. 127–150). Academic Press

Wulanningtyas HS, Gong Y, Li P, Sakagami N, Nishiwaki J, Komatsuzaki M. 2021. A cover crop and no-tillage system for enhancing soil health by increasing soil organic matter in soybean cultivation. Soil and Tillage Research 205, 104749.

Xiang Y, Javed Q, Wu Y, Bo Y, Dai Z, Huang P, Sun J, Du D. 2023. Root Exudates of Wedelia trilobata SuppressSoil-Borne Pathogenic Fungi and IncreaseIts Invasion. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 32(5), 4865–4875.

Yao B, Zeng X, Pang L, Kong X, Tian K, Ji Y, Sun S, Tian X. 2022. The Photodegradation of Lignin Methoxyl C Promotes Fungal Decomposition of Lignin Aromatic C Measured with 13C-CPMAS NMR. Journal of Fungi 8(9), 900.

Yeates GW, Bongers T, De Goede R G, Freckman DW, Georgieva SS. 1993. Feeding habits in soil nematode families and genera-an outline for soil ecologists. Journal of Nematology 25(3), 315–331.

Zhang C, Xue J, Li N, Xue W, Chen X, Hu F, Liu M. 2022. Afterlife effect of cover crops on soil nematode food web: Implications from the plant ecological strategy. Biology and Fertility of Soils 58(8), 937-947.

Zhang P, Zhang W, Hu S. 2023. Fungivorous nematode Aphelenchus avenae and collembola Hypogastrura perplexa alleviate damping-off disease caused by Pythium ultimum in tomato. Plant and Soil 482(1–2), 175–189.

Zhang ZW, Li Q, Hu Y-Y, Wei H-W, Hou SL, Yin JX, Lü XT. 2022. Nitrogen and phosphorus additions interactively affected composition and carbon budget of soil nematode community in a temperate steppe. Plant and Soil 473(1–2), 109–121.