Effect of di-ammonium phosphate and ammonium nitrate on the growth and flesh quality of chinese carps

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Research Paper 01/03/2018
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Effect of di-ammonium phosphate and ammonium nitrate on the growth and flesh quality of chinese carps

Saadia Tabassum, Abdul Mateen, Mahroze Fatima
J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 3), 23-27, March 2018.
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To draw lesson that inorganic fertilizers are important for increasing the availability of phytoplankton in water body that resulted in better growth and body composition of fish species, that are easily available and cheap for farmers, an experiment was conducted in ponds stocked with Common carp (Cyprinus carpio), Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) at the proportion of 1:2:1 to mounted growth and flesh quality of carps. Pond I  was treated with Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP) (P1),pond II with Ammonium Nitrate (P2) @ 0.3g N/100 gm of fish body weight per day and pond III without fertilizers (P0/control pond) as treatments. Total net fish production shown by pond I and pond II was 608.975 and 618.335 kg/ha/year respectively and 599.023 Kg/ha/year in control pond. The fish production is more in pond with ammonium nitrate than di-ammonium phosphate by 1.01 times. The water quality parameters were found within optimum range for the fish species throughout the experiment. At the end of the experiment the flesh quality of three said Chinese carps was observed. Maximum protein and fat content observed in C. idella (18.02% and 5.44% respectively) in DAP treated pond. H. molitrix showed maximum carbohydrate and ash contents (2.43% and 26.12% respectively) while the moisture content was maximum in C. carpio of 71.29% with treatment of ammonium nitrate. Proximate composition showed statistically non-significant (P>0.05) results. The result showed that the fish growth and carcass properties increased with the use of fertilizers.


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