Effect of different rates of wooden ash application on physic-chemical properties of sandy desert soil

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2017
Views (321) Download (68)

Effect of different rates of wooden ash application on physic-chemical properties of sandy desert soil

R. K. Soothar, S. M. Kori, H. R. Mangio, M. U. Mirjat, A. Kumar, O. P. Soothar
Int. J. Biosci.11( 1), 298-307, July 2017.
Certificate: IJB 2017 [Generate Certificate]


In Pakistan, generally traditional irrigation methods are widely used to irrigate crops in which the entire soil surface is saturated without considering the soil properties. In sandy soil, irrigation application to crop is not only waste of the water but also leaches valuable nutrients out of the effective root zone. The present study was based on randomized complete block design including 4-Treatments (T0 = control, T1= 2 tons’ Wooden ash /ha, T2 = 4 tons’ Wooden ash /ha and T3 = 6 tons’ Wooden ash /ha) with 3 replications and all treatments were arranged in field and laboratory. The soil samples were collected at the depth of 0-30 cm from Mithi and wooden ash randomly collected from homes of various villages of Taluka Mithi, Sindh, Pakistan. The results revealed that the soil textural class was changed in T3 because effective ash application in desert soil and similar tends were observed. Similarly, the average dry bulk density, porosity and were significantly affected under all treatments. The variation in water holding capacity ranged from 20 to 23 percent under all treatments at both experimental sites after experiment. However, the similar trends were observed that the wooden ash treatments effect significantly increased with the application of different levels of soil pH and EC due to chemical reaction of soluble salts present in the ash. Moreover, the average organic matter, total nitrogen and phosphorus were also improved at desired depths under both experiments and approximately same trend was observed at both cases.


Ayeni LS, Adetunji MT, Ojeniyi SO. 2008. Comparative nutrient release from Cocoa pod ash, poultry manure and N.P.K 20:10:10 fertilizer and their nutrient combinations-Incubation study. Nigaria Journal of Soil Science 18, 114-123.

Bouyoucos JB. 1962. Hydrometer method for making particle-size analysis of soils. Agronomy Journal 54, 464-465. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1962.00021962005400050028x

Baath E, Arnebrant K. 1994. Growth rate and response of bacteria communities to pH in ash treatment forest soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 26, 995-1001. http://dlx.booksc.org/16100000/libgen.scimag1611900016119999.zip/browse/10.1016/00380717%252894%252990

Cain F. 2015. What percentage of the earth’s land surfaces is desert. Universe Today, space and astronomy news. https://www.universetoday.com/65639/whatpercentage-of-the-earths-land-surface-is-desert/

Charles HJ, Beddington JR, Crute IR, Haddad L, Lawrence D, Muir JF, Pretty J, Robinson S, Thomas SM, Toulmin C. 2010. Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People. Science 327- 812.

Chang AC, Lund LJ, Warneke JE. 1977. Physical  properties of fly ash amended soils. Journal of Environment Quality 6, 267-270. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1977.00472425000600030007x

Chiroma AM, Folornso OA, Alhassan AB. 2006. The effect of land configuration and wood shavings mulch on the properties of Sandy Loam Soil in Northeast Nigaria.1. Changes in chemical properties. Tropicultura 24, 129-134 (Available on) http://www.tropicultura.org/text/v24n3/129.pdf

Clapham WM, Zibilske LM. 1992. Wood ash as a liming amendment. Communication Soil Science Plant Analysis 23, 1209-1227. http://dlx.booksc.org/21600000/libgen.scimag2167700021677999.zip/browse/10.1080/0010362920936

Etiegni L, Campbell AG. 1991. Physical characteristics of wood ash. Bioresources Technology 37, 173-178. http://booksc.org/dl/8525081/d5c8be

Haynes RJ, Naidu R. 1998. Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure application on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions; a review. Nutrient cycling in Agro systems 51, 123-137.

MINFAL. 2005. Irrigation Agronomy Field Manual. Federal Water Management Cell, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad 6, 289-292.

Owolabi O, Ojeniyi SO, Awodu AO. Hazzan K. 2003. Response of Okra and Tomato to saw dust ash manure. Moore Journal of Agriculture Research 4(2), 178-182.

Odedina SS, Odedina JN, Ayeni S, Arowojolu SA, Adedeye SO, Ojeniyi SO. 2001. Effect of types of ash on Soil fertility, nutrient availability and yield of tomato and pepper. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science 13, 66-67.

Tisdale SL, Nelson WL, Beaton JD, Havlin JL. 1993. Soil fertility and fertilizers. 5th Edition. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, U.S.A https://www.pearsonhighered.com/product/Tisdale-Soil-Fertility-and-Fertilizers-5th Edition/9780024208354.html

Veihmeyer FJ, Hendrickson AH. 1931. The moisture equivalent as a measure of the field capacity of soils. Soil Science 32, 181-193.

Walkey JT, Black A. 1934. An examination of Degte Jaref method of determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic titration method. Soil Science 37, 29- 38.