Effect of different sowing dates on growth and development of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes at different locations of Sindh province, Pakistan

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/01/2020
Views (310) Download (22)

Effect of different sowing dates on growth and development of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes at different locations of Sindh province, Pakistan

Saquib Hussain Siddiqui, Wajid Ali Jatoi, Shahnaz Memon, Tarique Ali Jatoi, Wazir Ali Maitlo, Muhammad Siddique Depar, Saima Siddiqui
Int. J. Biosci.16( 1), 42-52, January 2020.
Certificate: IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]


Wheat production in Pakistan is low as it is severely affected by various biotic and abiotic stresses. Amongst the abiotic stress, heat stress (terminal high temperature) is one of the major causes of low wheat yield in Pakistan. This paper focuses on the evaluation and performance of newly evolved wheat genotypes under different sowings (temperature regimes) conditions and the selection of suitable promising lines. In this experiment, the twenty wheat genotypes (DH-1, DH-3, DH-4, DH-5, DH-6, DH-7, DH-8, DH-10, DH-11, DH-12, DH-13, DH-14, DH-15, DH-16, DH-18, DH-19, DH-20, DH-21, Lu26s and Kiran-95) were cultivated in three locations of the Sindh province i.e., Sakrand, Tandojam, and Mirpursakro under three different sowing dates viz., November 7, November 27 and December 17; November 5, November 25 and December 15 and November 6, November 26 and December 16, 2015-17 (two years), as S1 (optimum), S2 (heat stress) and S3 (high heat stress), respectively. All the bio-growth parameters viz., productive tillers plant-1, spikelets spike-1, grain weight plant-1(g) and 1000-grains weight (g) showed significant difference among genotypes and sowing dates in their interactions. A significantly decreasing trend was observed in all the bio-growth parameters at late sown crop over normal sown. Based on summarized results of three locations, the wheat genotypes DH-1, DH-6, DH-7, DH-11, DH-14, DH-18, DH-21 and Lu26s were classified as tolerant as these showed <40% reduction in quantum of 4 & 3 variables while DH16 and Kiran-95 were appeared sensitive as these displayed <40% reduction in <2 variables.


Akbar H, Jaime A. 2012. Phenology growth and yield of three wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties as affected by high temperature stress. Not. Science, Biolology 4(3), 97-109.

Amin R, Zhang J, Yang M. 2015. Effects of climate change on the yield and cropping area of major food crops: A case of Bangladesh. Sustainability 07, 898-915.

Anonymous. 1991. MSTAT Micro-computer statistical programme. Michigan State, University of Agriculture. Michigan. Lansing, USA.

Arshad M, Hussan A, Ashraf MY, Noureen S, Moazzam M. 2008. Edaphic factors and distribution of vegetative in the cholistan desert, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40, 1923-1931.

Buriro M, Oad FC, Keerio MI, Tunio S, Gandhahi AW, Hassan SW, Oad SM. 2011. Wheat seed germination under the influence of temperature regimes. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 27(4), 44-65.

Dabre WM, Lall SB, Lngole GL. 1993. Effects of sowing dates on yield, ear number, stomatal frequency and stomatal index in wheat. J. Maharashatra Agriculture University 18, 64-66.

Ehdaie B, Jones JG, Hall AE. 1988. Differential responses of land race and improved spring wheat genotypes to stress environments. Crop Science 28, 838-842.

GOP. 2018. Economic survey of Pakistan. 2017-18. Wheat:  ministry of food, agriculture and livestock division (economic wing), Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, p 17-18.

Haider RS. 2004. Growth and yield response of three wheat varieties to N alone and in combination with P and P+K under late sown conditions. M.Sc. (Hons.) Agri. Thesis, University of Agriculture Faisalabad-Pakistan.

Iqbal M, Raja NI, Yasmeen F, Hussain M, Ejaz M, Shah MA. 2017. Impacts of heat stress on wheat: A critical review. Advance crop science technique 5, 1


Kashif M, Khaliq I. 2014. Heritability, correlation and path coefficient analysis for some metric traits in wheat. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology. 06, 138-142.

Khajam S, Sharmai SN, Sharma Y. 2011. Effect of high temperature on yield attributing traits in bread wheat. Bangladish Journal Agriculture. Research 36(3), 415-426.

Khaliq D. 2004. Modeling the growth, radiation use efficiency and yield of wheat under different sowing dates and varying nitrogen levels under rainfed conditions. M.Sc. (Hons.)  Thesis, University of Agriculture Faisalabad-Pakistan.

Khan AA. 2010. Screening for heat tolerance in spring wheat. MS. Department of genetic & plant breeding. Banglasdesh, Agriculture University. Mymensingh.

Khan MA. 2008. Salt tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). M.phil, University of Sindh Jamshoro.

Lack S, Zarei B, Kamali MRJ, Naderi A, Modhej A. 2013. Determination of physiological traits related to terminal drought and heat stress tolerance in spring wheat genotypes. IJACS/5-21/2511-2520.

Laghari KA, Sial MA, Arain MA. 2012. Effect of high temperature stress on grain yield components of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Science technology and division 31(2), 83-90.

Li YL, McAllister LTA, Beauchemin KA, McKinnon ML, Yang JJ. 2011. Substitution of wheat dried distillers grains with soluble for barley grain or barley silage in feedlot cattle diets: Intake, digestibility, and ruminal fermentation. Journal of Animal Science 89, 2491-2501.

Rahman MM. 2009. Genetic variation in the duration of growth stages and their relationship with yield and yield components in spring wheat under two sowing environments. M.S. Thesis, Department of genetics and plant breeding, BAU, Mymensingh.

Refay YA. 2011. Yield and yield component parameters of bread wheat genotypes as affected by sowing dates. Middle-east Journal of science and research 07, 484-489.

Shafiq HM. 2004. Modeling growth, radiation use efficiency and yield of wheat at different sowing dates and nitrogen levels under arid conditions of Bhawalpur. M.Sc. (Hons.)  Thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-Pakistan.

Shah WA, Bakht J, Ullah T, Khan AW, Zubair M, Khakwani A. 2006. Effect of sowing dates on yield and yield components of different wheat varieties. Journal of Agronomy 51, 106-110.

Shahzad K, Bakht J, Shah WA, Shafi M, Jabeen N. 2002. Yield and yield components of various wheat cultivars as affected by different sowing dates. Asian Journal of plant Science 5, 522-525.

Singh K, Sharma SN, Sharma Y. 2011. Effect of high temperature on yield attributing traits in bread wheat. Journal of Agriculture Research 36, 415-426.

Spink JH, Semere T, Sparkes DL, Whaley JM, Foulkers MJ, Clare RW, Scott RK. 2000. Effect of sowing date on plant density of winter wheat. Applied Biology 137, 179-188.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dicky DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometric approach 3rd Ed. McGraw hill book international Co., New York; p 400-428.

Tahir ISA, Nakata N, Yamaguchi T, Nakano J, Ali AM. 2008. Influence of high shoot and root zone temperatures on growth of three wheat genotypes during early vegetative stages. Journal of agriculture crop science 194(2), 141-151.