Effect of different sowing dates on growth, yield and quality of soybean cultivars

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Research Paper 01/01/2018
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Effect of different sowing dates on growth, yield and quality of soybean cultivars

Salma Niaz, Sohail Irshad, Madeeha Imdad, Mubashra Yasin, Saeed Ahmad, Muhammad Adnan Sohail
Int. J. Biosci.12( 1), 178-186, January 2018.
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Pakistan is spending lion share of its foreign exchange for the import of edible oil to meet the requirements of ever increasing population. Being rich source of protein and oil, soybean (Glycine max L.) crop can play significant role in this regard. Time of sowing is one of the most critical factors which greatly influence the growth, yield and quality of soybean crop. In order to determine the response of two soybean varieties on different planting dates, an experiment was conducted at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture Faisalabad during spring season 2016. Two soybean varieties Malakand-96 and Kharif-93 were sown on three sowing dates; 15th March, 25th March and 04th April. The experiment was laid out in split plot design replicated three times keeping sowing dates in main plot and varieties in subplots using net plot size of 6.0 m x 1.8 m. The data related to quality, yield and yield components and growth parameters were recorded and analyzed statistically by applying Fishers analysis of variance technique. Least significant difference (LSD) test at 5% probability level was applied to compare the treatment means. The final yield and yield parameters were compared by t-test as early two sowing dates resulted in complete mortality of plant. Statistical analyzed data showed that germination count was better in 4th April planting (54 plants m2) than 15th and 25th March.  At 4th April sowing Kharif-93 gave higher grains per pod (2.8), 1000 grains weight (160.67 g), grain yield (1.15 t ha-1), harvest index (31.96%), and oil contents (18.13%) than  soybean variety Malakand-96. It is concluded that March planted crop did not reach to its potential ability due to unfavorable environmental conditions. Hence 4th April planting recommended for planting soybean and among two varieties Kharif-93 performed better under Faisalabad conditions.


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