Effect of fertilizers and supplementary feeding on water quality and plankton productivity in fish ponds under uniform fish stocking density
Abbas S, Ahmed I, Akhtar P. 2004. Effect of different levels of poultry droppings on the growth performance of major carps. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 24(3), 139-143.
Afzal M, Rub A, Akhtar N, Khan MF, Barlas A, Qayyum M. 2007. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth performance of bighead carp (Aristicthys nobilis) in polyculture system. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 9(6), 931-933.
Ali A, Bhatti MN, Khan N, Rehman MH. 2006. Role of soil and water chemistry in aquaculture. Proceedings of International conference on” Solving problems of Freshwater Fish Farming in Pakistan” November 27-28, 2006. UVAS. 139-141pp.
Ali SS. 1993. An Introduction to Freshwater Fishery Biology (Ist Ed.). University Grant Commission, Islamabad. 246pp.
Anetekhai MA, Owodeinde FG, Denloye AA, Akintola SL, Aderinola OJ, Agboola JI. 2005. Growth response of North African catfish fry to organic and inorganic fertilizers. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 35(1), 39-44.
Ansa EJ, Jiya J. 2002. Effects of pig manure on the growth of Oreochromis niloticus under integrated fish cum pig farming system. Journal of Aquatic Sciences 17(2), 85-88.
APHA. 1998. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (20th Ed.). American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Environment Federation.1220 pp.
Azim ME, Wahab MA, Dam AAvan, Beveridge MCM, Milstein A, Verdegem MCJ. 2001. Optimization of fertilization rate for maximizing periohyton production on artificial substrates and their implications for periphyton-based aquaculture. Aquaculture Research 32, 749-760.
Bhakta JN, Bandyopadhyay PK, Jana BB. 2006. Effect of different doses of mixed fertilizer on some biogeochemical cycling bacterial population in carp culture pond. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 6, 165-171.
Bhakta JN, Sarkar D, Jana S, Jana BB. 2004. Optimizing fertilizer dose for rearing stage production of carps under polyculture. Aquaculture 239, 125–139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.03.006
Boyd CE. 1981. Water Quality in Warmwater Fish Ponds. (2nd Ed.). Craftmaster Printers, Inc., Opelika, Alabama 359pp.
Chattopadhyay GN, GDev. 2000. Potassium for balanced fertilization in fish ponds. Fertilizer News. Visva-Bharati University, Sriniketan- India, pp 61-64 pp.
Dhawan A, Kaur S. 2002a. Effect of pig dung on water quality and polyculture of carp species during winter and summer. Aquaculture International 10, 297-307.
Dhawan A, Kaur S. 2002b. Pig dung as pond manure: Effect on water quality, pond productivity and growth of carps in polyculture system. The World Fish Centre Quarterly 25(1), 11-14.
El-Saidy DMSD, Gaber MMA. 2003. Replacement of fish meal with a mixture of different plant protein sources in juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.) diets. Aquaculture Research 34, 1119-1127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2109.2003.00914.x
Fang Y, Guo X, Wang J, Yang Y, Z.Liu, Mathais JA. 1994. The effect of animal manure on fish yield in carp polyculture. Science Press, Beijing, 335-351pp.
Garg SK, Bhatnagar A. 1996. Effect of varying doses of organic and inorganic fertilizers on plankton production and fish biomass in brackish water fish ponds. Aquaculture Research 27(3), 157-166.
Garg SK, Bhatnagar A. 1999. Effect of different doses of organic fertilizer (cow dung) on pond productivity and fish biomass in still water ponds. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 15, 10-18.
Garg SK, Bhatnagar A. 2000. Effect of fertilization frequency on pond productivity and fish biomass in still water ponds stocked with Cirrhinus mrigala (Ham.). Aquaculture Research 31, 409-414.
Garg SK. 1996. Brackish water carp culture in potentially waterlogged areas using animal wastes as pond fertilizers. Aquaculture International 4(2), 143-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00140595
Green BW. 1990. Substitution of organic manure for pelleted feed in tilapia production. In: Berka, Hilge, V. (Eds). Proceedings of the FAO-EIFAC Symposium on Production Enhancement in Still water Pond Culture. Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology, Vodnany, Czechoslovakia, pp 165-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2109.2000.00422.x
Javed M, Sheri AN, Hayat S. 1995. Influence of pond fertilization and feed supplementation on the planktonic productivity of fish ponds. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 15, 121-126.
Jha P, Sarkar K, Barat S. 2004. Effect of different application rates of cowdung and poultry excreta on water quality and growth of ornamental carp, Cyprinus carpio vr. koi, in concrete tanks. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 4, 17-22.
Kanwal S, Ahmed I, Afzal M, Sughra V, Abbas K. 2003. Comparison of fresh and dry cow dung manuring on growth performance of major carps. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 5(3), 313-315.
Knud-Hansen CF. 1998. Pond Fertilization: Ecological Approach and Practical Application. Pond Dynamics/Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program Oregon State University, Corvallis, or, USA. Pp 125.
Lane A. 2000. Studies on the limnological parameters of fish ponds. Acta Veterinaria 32, 223-227.
Liti DM, Mugo RM, Munguti JM, Waidbacher H. 2006. Growth and economic performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) fed on three brans (maize, wheat and rice) in fertilized ponds. Aquaculture Nutrition 12, 239-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2006.00397.x
Mahboob S, Sheri AN, Fouzia T. 1993. Effect of physio-chemical factors on the dry weight of planktonic biomass in the brood stock pond -I fish seed hatchery, Faisalabad. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 25(1), 15-18.
Mahboob S, Sheri AN. 2002. Influence of fertilizers and artificial feed on the seasonal variation in physico-chemical factors in fish ponds. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 34(1), 51-56.
Middendrop AJ, Huisman EA. 1995. Pond farming of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.) in Northern Cameroon. Comparison two different strategies for feeding cotton seed cake in tilapia male monosex culture. Aquaculture Research 26, 731-738.
Morissens P, Oswald M, Sanchez F, Hem. S. 1996. Designing new fish farming models adopted to rural Cote d’lovire. Proc. of the 3rd Int. Symp. Tilapia. Aquaculture 41, 28-118.
Njoku DC. 1997. Effects of different manure levels on fish growth, mortality and yield in a horizontally integrated- fish-cum- poultry farming system in Nigeria. Aquaculture Research 28(9), 651-660. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2109.1997.00891.x
Pandey KK, Lal MS. 1995. Limnological studies of Garhwal Himalayan hillstream Khanda gad: seasonal fluctuation in biotic profiles. Journal of Freshwater Biology 7(1), 7-11.
Pramila S, Chandrawati BW, Pandey, Singh BK. 2004. Study of variation range of different physico-chemical parameters in relation to fish productivity and health. Cong. Zool. Nat. Symp., Bihar, India, 217 pages.
Qin J, Madon SP, Culver A. 1995b. Effect of larval walleye (Stizostedion vitreum) and fertilization on the plankton community: implications for larval fish culture. Aquaculture 130, 51-65.
Rafique R, Hussain MN, Mahboob S. 2003. Limnological variation in river Jhelum at Dulahi Muzaffarabad. Journal of Natural Science 1(1), 107-112.
Sayeed MA, Alam MT, Sultana S, Ali MS, Azad MS, Islam MA. 2007. Effect of inorganic fertilizer on the fish growth and production in polyculture system of Bangladesh. University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University 26, 77-80.
Singh P, Jee C, Pandey BN, Singh BK. 2000. Study of Variation Range of Different Physico-chemical Parameters in Relation to Fish Productivity and Health. Advan. In. Zool. Environmental-degradation. Biodiversity pp. 213-217
Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dinkkey DA. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics, A Biometric Approach (3rd Ed.). WCB/McGraw Hill Book Company, USA. 666 pages.
Sughra F, Ahmad I, Kanwal S, Ateeq U. 2003. Effect of different feeding levels of cowdung on the growth performance of major carps. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 5(2), 194-195.
Swelium MA, Abdella MM, El-Din SAS. 2005. Effect of dietary protein – energy levels and fish initial sizes on growth rate, development and production of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L. Aquaculture Research 36, 1414-1421.
Tabinda AB, Ayub M. 2009. Effect of high phosphate fertilization rate on pond phosphate concentrations, chlorophyll a, and fish growth in carp polyculture. Aquaculture International 9, 9243-9249.
Tahir MZI. 2008. Studies on partial replacement of fish meal with oil seed meals in the diet of major carps in semi-intensive culture system. Ph. D. Thesis. Deptt. Zool. Univ. Agri. Faisalabad, Pakistan, pp. 174-178.
Terziyski D, Grozev G, Kalchev, Stoeva A. 2007. Effect of organic fertilizer on plankton primary productivity in fish ponds. Aquaculture International 15, 181-190.
Wahab MA, Rahman MM, Milstein A. 2002. The effect of common carp, Cyprinus carpio (L) and mrigal, Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton) as bottom feeders in major Indian carp polycultures. Aquaculture Research 33(8), 547-556.
Yaro I, Lamai SL, Oladimeji AA. 2005. The effect of different fertilizer treatments on water quality parameters in rice-cum- fish culture system. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 21, 399-405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2005.00654.x
Zoccarato I, Benatti G, Calvi SL, Bianchini ML. 1995. Use of pig manure as fertilizer with and without supplement feed in pond carp production in Northern Italy. Aquaculture 129, 387-390.