Effect of fresh pollen pellets and pollen balls coated with and without beeswax on the life history parameter of bumblebee (Bombus terrestris)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/05/2015
Views (177) Download (6)

Effect of fresh pollen pellets and pollen balls coated with and without beeswax on the life history parameter of bumblebee (Bombus terrestris)

Muhammad Imran, Munir Ahmad, Muhammad Naeem, Shafqat Saeed, Muhammad Farooq Nasir, Asif Ahmad, Muhammad Nasir, Umer Ayyaz Aslam Sheikh
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 5), 144-153, May 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


This investigation deals with the possible effect of fresh pollen pellets and pollen balls coated and without coated with beeswax on the life history parameter of bumblebee and their consumption rate. At the colony initiation stage it found that mother queen start egg laying earlier (6.1±0.82 days) at pollen patties without coated with beeswax as compared to at coated with beeswax and fresh pollen pellet. Similarly emergence of the first worker from the first batch of the colony also early (26.3±0.83 days) at pollen patties without coated of beeswax. Other two stages of the colony i.e. at colony foundation stage and the colony maturation stage it found that the pollen patties with one coat of beeswax had best for bumblebee rearing. According to the consumption rate of pollen during the 24hr of observation it found that at the colony initiation stage, colony foundation stage and colony maturation stage large amount of pollen consumption was found in fresh pollen pellets because to attack of wax moth on fresh pollen was also high. The best consumption rate was found at pollen patties with one coat of beeswax. So it found that at colony initiation stage pollen patties without beeswax coat was best and at colony foundation stage and colony maturation stage pollen patties with one coat of beeswax was best.


Ahmed R. 1981. A guide to honey bee management in Pakistan. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council Miscellaneous Publication. Islamabad: Pakistan Agricultural Research Council.

Arthur F, Johnson HL. 1995. Development of aeration plans based on weather data: a model for management of corn stored in Georgia. American Entomologist 41, 241–6.

Carbet SA, Williams IH, Osborne JL. 1991. Bees and the pollination of crops and wild flowers in the European Community. Bee World 72, 47-59.

Caron DM. 1992. Wax moth. American Bee Journal 132, 647–9.

Chittka L, Ings T, Raine NE. 2004. Chance and adaptation in the evolution of island bumblebee behavior. Population Ecology 46, 243-251.

Duchateau MJ, Velthuis HHW. 1988. Development and reproductive strategies in Bombus terrestris colonies. Behaviour 107, 186-207.

Duchâteau MJ, Velthuis HHW. 1989. Ovarian development and egg laying in workers of Bombus terrestris. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 51, 199-213.

Goulson D. 2003. Effect of introduced bees on native ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematic 34, 1-26.

Gradish AE, Scott-Dupree CD, Frewin AJ, Cutler GC. 2012. Lethal and sublethal effects of some insecticides recommended for wild blueberry on the pollinator Bombus impatiens. The Canadian Entomologist 144, 478-486.

Griffin RP, Macfarlane RP, van den Ende HJ. 1991. Rearing and domestication of long tongued bumblebee in New Zealand. ActaHortic 288, 149-153.

Groot AP. 1953. Protein and amino acid requirements of the honeybee (Apis mellifera L) Laboratory of Comparative Physiology Utrecht, 197– 285 pp.

Hannan MA, Maeta Y, Hoshikawa K. 1998. Feeding behavior and food consumption in Bombus ignitus under artificial condition (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Entomological Science 1, 27-32.

Haydak MH. 1970. Honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) nutrition, The Annual Review of Entomology 15, 143–156.

Heinrich B. 1993. The Hot-Blooded Insects: Strategies and Mechanisms of Thermoregulation. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Imran M, Munir A, Farooq MN, Shafqat S. 2015. Effect of Different Nest Box Materials on the Mating of European Bumblebee, Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera: Apidae) under Controlled Environmental Conditions. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 47, 241-247.

Kwon YJ, Saeed S, Duchateau MJ. 2003. Control of Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), a pest in Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera :Apidae) colonies. The Canadian Entomologist 135, 893-902.

Lacey J, Magan N. 1991. Fungi in cereal grains: their occurrence and water and temperature relations J Chelkowski (Ed.), Cereal grain-mycotoxins, fungi and quality in drying and storage, Elsevier Science B.V, Amsterdam 77-118pp.

Magan N, Hope R, Cairns V, Aldred D. 2003. Post-harvest fungal ecology: impact of fungal growth and mycotoxin accumulation in stored grain. European Journal of Plant Pathology 109, 723– 730.

Magan N, Hope R, Colleate A, Baxter ES. 2002. Relationship between growth and mycotoxin production by Fusarium species, biocides and environment. European Journal of Plant Pathology 108, 685– 690.

Magan N, Lacey J. 1988. Ecological determinants of mouldvgrowth in stored grain. International Journal of Food Microbiology 7, 245– 256.

Mailer DE. 1994. Chilled aeration and storage of US crops, a review. In: E Highly EJ, Wright HJ, Banks BR. Champ (Eds), Proceedings of the 6th International Working Conference on Stored Product, 300–311pp.

Marasas WFO, Nelson PE. 1987. Mycotoxicology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Michener CD. 1974. The Social Behavior of the Bees: A Comparative Study. Second Edition. Harvard University Press (Belknap Press), Cambridge, 404 pp.

Moss  MO.  1996.  Mycotoxins.  Centenary  review. Mycological Research 100, 513– 523.

NorusICH MJ. 2007. SPSS 15.0 guide to data analysis Prentice Hall SPSS Inc.

Ono M, Suzuki M, Sasaki M, Matsuka M. 1994b. Food processing strategy of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae); in Les InsectesSoxiaux. Lenoir A, Amold G, Lepage M. (eds), Publ. Univ. Paris Nord, 487pp.

Pereira-Lima A, Lino-Neto J, Oliveira CL. 2006. Sexual maturation in Meliponamondury males (Apidae: Meliponini). Journal of Braz. Morphological Science 23, 369-375.

Plowright RC, Laverty TM. 1987. Bumble bees and crop pollination in Ontario, Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 118, 155–160.

Plowright RC, Pendrel RA. 1977. Larval growth in bumblebees (Hemenoptera: Apidae). Canadian Entomologist 109, 967-973.

Rasmont P, Coppee A, Michez D, De-Meulemeester T. 2008. An overview of the Bombus terrestris (L.1758) subspecies (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France 44, 243-250.

Ribeiro MF, Duchateau MJ, Velthuis HHW. 1996. Comparison of the effects of two kinds of commercially pollen on colony development and queen production in the bumble bee Bombus terrestris L (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Apidologie 27, 133-144.

Röseler PF. 1977. Rearing bumblebee colonies, Proc. 8th Int. Congr. IUSSI, Wageningen 312p.

Röseler PF. 1979. Hummelzucht für den Erwerbsobstbau? Erwerbsobstbau 21, 177-178.

Röseler PF. 1985. A technique for year-round rearing of Bombus terrestris (Apidae, Bombini) colonies in captivity. Apidologie 16, 165-170.

Roulston TH, Cane JH, Buchmann SL. 2000. What governs protein content of pollen: pollinator Major and minor floral choices of bumble bees 105 preferences, pollen-pistil interactions, or phylogeny? Ecological Monographs 70, 617–643.

Roulston TH, Cane JH. 2000. The effect of diet breadth and nesting ecology on body size variation in bees (Apiformes). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 73, 129-142.

Roulston TH, Cane JH. 2002. The effect of pollen protein concentration on body size in the sweat bee Lasioglossum zephyrum (Hymenoptera: Apiformes). Environmental Ecology 16, 619-622.

Sevensson B, Lagerlof J, Sevensson BG. 2000. Habitat preference of nest seeking bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in an agricultural landscape. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 77, 247-255.

Stern RK. 1994. Introductory Plant Biology. Wm. C. Brown Publisher, New York, USA. 537 pp.

Sutcliffe GH, Plowright RC. 1988. The effects of food supply on adult size in the bumblebee Bombus terricola Kirby (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Canadian Entomologist 120, 1051-1058.

Tasei JN, Aupinel P. 1994 Effect of photoperiodic regimes on the oviposition of artificially over wintered Bombus terrestris L. queens and the production of sexuals. Journal of Apiculture Research 33, 27-33.

Tasei JN, Aupinel P. 2008. Nutritive values of 15 single pollens and pollen mixes tested on larvae produced by bumblebee workers. Apidologie 39, 397-409.

Umer AAS, Munir A, Imran M, Nasir M, Shafqat S, Imran B. 2014. Distribution of bumblebee, Bombus haemorrhoidalis Smith and its association with flora in lower northern Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 46, 1045-1051.

Williams IH, Cobert SA, Osborne JL. 1991. Bee keeping, wild bees and pollination in European community. Bee World 72, 170-180.

Williams PH. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships among bumble bees (Bombus Latr.): a reappraisal of morphological evidence. Systematic Entomology 19, 327–344.

Yoon HJ, Kim SE, Lee KY, Lee SB, Park IG. 2005a. Oviposition and colony development of the bumblebee, Bombus ignites and B. terrestris depending on different pollen. International Journal of Industrial Entomology 11, 99-105.

Yoon HJ, Kim SE, Lee SB, Seol KL. 2005b. The effect of antiseptic and sugar solution on colony development of the bumblebee, Bombus ignitus and B. terrestris. International Journal of Industrial Entomology 11, 43-48.