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Effect of fried food consumption on lipid profile of non-breakfast eaters among university going adults

Research Paper | October 1, 2019

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Aneela Hameed, Tooba Ghani, Saeed Akhtar, Adnan Amjad, Muhammad Sameem Javed, Mahnoor Tariq

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Int. J. Biosci.15( 4), 330-338, October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.4.330-338


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Breakfast is considered the most important meal of the day but breakfast consumption has dramatically decreased in adults, especially in university students since the past few years. These students skip breakfast in the morning but consume fried junk food in university timings. Therefore, this study aimed at evaluating the lipid profile and dietary intake of healthy food breakfast eaters, fried food breakfast eaters, and non-breakfast eaters. Ninety healthy young adults of both genders aged 20-25 years, were divided into three groups: Fried food breakfast eaters, Healthy breakfast eaters and Non-breakfast eaters. Results showed that excessive intake of fried foods leads to increased amounts of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and enhanced intake of total calories, fats and carbohydrates. Moreover, non-breakfast eaters who skip breakfast and consume fried food are observed to have higher BMI than healthy breakfast eaters. Therefore, the consumption of healthy breakfast must be encouraged for the nutritional wellbeing of people.


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Effect of fried food consumption on lipid profile of non-breakfast eaters among university going adults

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