Effect of gradual replacement of dry forage fraction with maize silage on feed intake, milk yield and composition of Azikheli Buffalo in Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

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Research Paper 01/12/2021
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Effect of gradual replacement of dry forage fraction with maize silage on feed intake, milk yield and composition of Azikheli Buffalo in Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Nadar Khan, Syeda Masooma Qamar, Aziz Ullah, Hayat Ullah Khan, Masif Hussain, Tari Ahmad, Ihsanudin, MNM Ibrahaim
Int. J. Biosci.19( 6), 223-229, December 2021.
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The aim of the study was to assess the effect of gradual replacement of forage fraction of the ration with maize silage (MS) on feed intake, milk yield and composition of lactating Azikheli buffalo in district Swat. Twenty-four primiparous Azikheli buffaloes in early lactation (60±15 days in milk), with similar live body weight (450±30), and milk yield were randomly divided into four treatment groups (6 animals/group) under randomized complete block design. The basal diet was a mixture of dry roughages (maize Stover 60%, rice straw 20% , wheat straw 20%). The four dietary treatments were included control T1 (forage fraction (FF) 100%: MS 0%), T2 (FF 66%: 33% maize silage), T3 (FF 50%; MS50%), T4 (FF 33%: MS66%). Additional to the basal diet a total of 2.5kg/day of concentrate feed was provided to each treatment group. The feeding trail was continued for a period of 60 days. The data was analysed through using analysis of variance technique and means were separated for significance by using Duncan’s multiple range test. The result shows that maize silage inclusion in the ration reduce dry matter intake as compared with dry forages and high DMI was observed at MSO 14.2kg/day and lowest at MS66 (12.5kg/day). Similar trend was recorded for NDF and ADF contents of the ration. Silage inclusion with replacement of forage fraction significantly increased milk yield and high milk yield was achieved at MS66 (8.10 liters/day) as compared to MS0 (5.90 liters/day). No significant effect on milk composition was observed except fats contents which was slightly reduced with increasing maize silage fraction. it was concluded from the study that maize silage inclusion in the ration of Azikheli buffalo improved milk yield up to 2.10 liters per day during green fodder scarcity periods in Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan.


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