Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2021

VIEWS 1
| Download

Effect of gradual replacement of dry forage fraction with maize silage on feed intake, milk yield and composition of Azikheli Buffalo in Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Nadar Khan, Syeda Masooma Qamar, Aziz Ullah, Hayat Ullah Khan, Masif Hussain, Tari Ahmad, Ihsanudin, MNM Ibrahaim

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.19(6), 223-229, December 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.6.223-229

Certification:

IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the effect of gradual replacement of forage fraction of the ration with maize silage (MS) on feed intake, milk yield and composition of lactating Azikheli buffalo in district Swat. Twenty-four primiparous Azikheli buffaloes in early lactation (60±15 days in milk), with similar live body weight (450±30), and milk yield were randomly divided into four treatment groups (6 animals/group) under randomized complete block design. The basal diet was a mixture of dry roughages (maize Stover 60%, rice straw 20% , wheat straw 20%). The four dietary treatments were included control T1 (forage fraction (FF) 100%: MS 0%), T2 (FF 66%: 33% maize silage), T3 (FF 50%; MS50%), T4 (FF 33%: MS66%). Additional to the basal diet a total of 2.5kg/day of concentrate feed was provided to each treatment group. The feeding trail was continued for a period of 60 days. The data was analysed through using analysis of variance technique and means were separated for significance by using Duncan’s multiple range test. The result shows that maize silage inclusion in the ration reduce dry matter intake as compared with dry forages and high DMI was observed at MSO 14.2kg/day and lowest at MS66 (12.5kg/day). Similar trend was recorded for NDF and ADF contents of the ration. Silage inclusion with replacement of forage fraction significantly increased milk yield and high milk yield was achieved at MS66 (8.10 liters/day) as compared to MS0 (5.90 liters/day). No significant effect on milk composition was observed except fats contents which was slightly reduced with increasing maize silage fraction. it was concluded from the study that maize silage inclusion in the ration of Azikheli buffalo improved milk yield up to 2.10 liters per day during green fodder scarcity periods in Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of gradual replacement of dry forage fraction with maize silage on feed intake, milk yield and composition of Azikheli Buffalo in Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

AOAC. 2000. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th Edn, Association of Official Analytical Chemistry, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Chamberlain DG, Robertson S. 1992. The effects of the addition of various enzyme mixtures on the fermentation of perennial rye grass silage and on its nutritional value for milk production in dairy cows. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol 37(3-4), 257-264.

FAOSTAT. 2015. “Live Animals.” Food and Agriculture Organization, the United Nations. Accessed September 09, 2016. http://faostat3.fao.org /home/E.%20A.

Givens DI, Rulquin H. 2004. Utilization by ruminants of nitrogen compounds in silage-based diets. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol 114(1-4), 1-18.

Government of Pakistan. 2020. “Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2020-2021.” Economic Advisor’s Wing, Finance Division, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2020. http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/ chapters_13/02-Agriculture.pdf.

Habib G. 2008. “Best Practices in Animal Feed Production and Management in Pakistan.” In Best Practices in Animal Feed Production and Management in SAARC Countries, edited by Huque, KS, Kabir W, and Akter N Dhaka, Bangladesh: SAARC Agriculture Centre.

Khan MA, Sarwar M, Nisa M, Khan MS. 2004. Feeding value of urea treated corncobs ensiled with or without enzose (corn dextrose) for lactating crossbred cows. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci 17(8), 1093-1097.

Khan MA, Sarwar M, Nisa M, Iqbal Z, Khan MS, Lee WS, Lee HJ, Kim HS. 2006. Chemical composition, in situ digestion kinetics and feeding value of oat grass (Avena sativa) ensiled with molasses for Nili-Ravi Buffaloes. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci 19(8), 1127-1133.

Khan SH, Azim A, Sarwar M, Khan AG. 2011. Effect of maturity on comparative nutritive value and Fermentation characteristics of maize, sorghum and millet silages. Pak. J. Bot 43(6), 2967-2970.

Khorasani GR, Jedel PE, Helma JH, Kennelly JJ. 1997. Influence of stage of maturity on yield components and chemical composition of cereal grain silages. Can. J. Anim. Sci 77(2), 259-267.

Mandal AB, Paual SS, Pathak NN. 2003. Nutrient requirements and feeding of buffaloes and cattle. Published by Int. Book Distributing Co. Charbagh, Lucknow, India. P-23.

Rasool S, Ahmad G, Abdullah M. 1996. Fodder conservation, crop residues and by products in livestock production system. Proceedings of the National Conference on “Improvement, Production and Utilization of Fodder Crops in Pakistan.” Organized by FAO/PARC 176-186.

Ruiz TM, Sanchez WK, Straples CR, Sollenberger LE. 1992. Comparison of “Mott” dwarf elephant grass silage and corn silage for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy. Sci 75(2), 533-540.

Sarwar M, Firkins JL, Estridgeml. 1991. Effect of replacing neutral detergent fiber of forage with soy hulls and corn gluten feed for dairy heifers. J. Dairy. Sci 74(3), 1006-1015.

Sarwar M, Khan MA, Nisa M, Touqir NA. 2005. Influence of berseem and Lucerne silages on feed intake, nutrient digestibility, and milk yield in lactating Nili buffaloes. Asian. Austra. J. Anim. Sci 18(4), 475-478.

Snedecor GW, Cochran WG. 1994. Statistical Methods. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.

Tauqir NA, Sarwar M, Jabbar MA, Mahmood S. 2009. Nutritive value of jumbo grass (sorghum bicolour sorghum sudanefe) silage in lactating Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Pak. Vet. J 29(1), 5- 10.

Van-Soest PJ, Robertson HB, Lewis BA. 1991. Method of dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides determination in relation to animal material. J. Dairy. Sci 74(10), 3583-3597.

Yahaya MS, Goto M, Yimiti W, Smerjai B, Kawamoto Y. 2004. Additives effects of fermented juice of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria and acetic acid on silo fermentation and ruminal degradability of tropical elephant grass. J. Anim. Vet. Adv 3(2), 115-121.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background