Effect of green manuring crops on fertilizer economy and monetary advantages of green manure – T. aman-mustard cropping pattern

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2020
Views (257) Download (25)

Effect of green manuring crops on fertilizer economy and monetary advantages of green manure – T. aman-mustard cropping pattern

Israt Jahan Irin, Parimal Kanti Biswas
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.16( 6), 1-6, June 2020.
Certificate: IJAAR 2020 [Generate Certificate]


Three experiments were conducted at the Agronomy farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh, at 2015 to 2016 to increase cropping productivity by inclusion of green manure in existing cropping pattern, monetary advantages and fertilizer economy as well. Total productivity of different cropping pattern was evaluated in terms of rice equivalent yield (REY) and it was calculated from yield of rice combined with yield of mustard (rice equivalent yield). The highest REY (9.60 t ha-1 in 1st year) and (11.49 t ha-1 in 2nd year) was recorded from the cropping pattern; S. rostrata – T.aman – Mustard followed by C. juncea – T.aman – Mustard and S. aculeata – T.aman – Mustard respectively in 2015 and 2016. The lowest REY (6.02 t ha-1 in 1st year) and (6.98 t ha-1 in 2n year) was obtained from the cropping pattern; Fallow-T. Aman – Mustard. Inclusion of mustard during rabi season in S. rostrata (59.47% and 64.61% in 2015 and 2016 respectively) and C. juncea (41.47% and 49.14% in 2015 and 2016 respectively) increased REY that followed by V. unguiculata (45.70% and 54.15% in 2015 and 2016 respectively) and S. aculeata (40.86% and 32.0% for 2015 and 2016 respectively) compared to Fallow-T. Aman-Mustard cropping pattern. It is noted that inclusion of crops likes S. rostrata, C. juncea, S. aculeata and V. unguiculata showed higher REY than other crops as GM in GM-T. Aman-Mustard cropping pattern. The cost of production in situ green manure was lower than addition of similar quantities from external sources. This would also reduce the N requirement by 50% to obtain similar yields.


Abrol IP, Palaniappan SP. 1988. Green manure crops in irrigated and rainfed lowland rice-based cropping system in South Asia. In: Proc. Symp. on Sustainable Agriculture: Green Manure in Rice Farming, 25-29 May 1987, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines, Manila. pp. 71-82.

Aulakh MS, Khera TS, Doran JW, Kuldip S, Bijay S. 2000. Yields and nitrogen dynamics in a rice-wheat system using green manure and inorganic fertiliser. Soil Science. Society. America 64, 1867-1876.

Bandara KMC, Sangakara UR. 1993. Influence of in situ and ex situ green manures on the productivity of rice and onions in the Mahaweli system C and Srilanka. Tropical Agricultural Research 5, 310-312.

BARI (Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute). 2008. BARI Annual Research Report 2007-08. Effect of season and population density on growth, fodder production and yield of baby corn at different locations.

BARI (Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute). 2017. Krishi Projukti Hatboi (Handbook on Agro-Technology), 7th edition, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh.

Becker M, Ladha JK, Ali M. 1995. Green manure technology: potential, usage, and limitations. A case study for lowland rice. Plant Soil 174, 181-194.

Beri V, Meelu OP. 1981. Substitution of nitrogen through green manure in rice. Indian Farming 31(2), 3-4.

Biswas PK, Akhteruzzaman M, Quasem A, Amin AKMR. 1996. Effect of decomposition period of Sesbania aculeate and nitrogen doses on rice yield and soil fertility. Progressive. Agriculture 7(1), 107-109.

BRRI (Bangladesh Rice Research Institute). 2015. Adhunik dhaner chash. Joydebpur, Gazipur.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. 2nd Ed. Intl. Rice Res. Inst., Manila, Philippines. pp. 139-207.

Hossain SMA, Kashem MA. 1997. Agronomic management to combat declining soil fertility in Bangladesh. Paper presented in the 6th Bienn. Conf. Bangladesh Society. Agronomy 29 July.

Jenkinson DS, Fox RH, Rayner JH. 1985. Interactions “Priming” Effect. Journal of Soil Science 36, 425-444.

Karim SMR. 1998. Effect of legumes on the productivity of rice based cropping patterns. Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. Agron., Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. pp. 70-215.

Nand Ram. 2000. Long-term effect of fertilizers on rice-wheat-cowpea productivity and soil properties in a mollisol. In: Long-Term Soil Fertility Experiments in Rice-Wheat Cropping System (eds. Abrol, L.P., Bronson, K.F., Duxbury, J.M. and Gupta, R.K.). Rice-Wheat Consortium Paper Series 6: 50–56. Rice-Wheat Consortium for Indo-Gangetic Plains, New Delhi, India.

Ramteke JR, Sinha MN, Sadaphal MN. 1982. Production potential and nitrogen management in some cropping systems involving rabi legumes. Annals Agricultural Research 3(1-2), 122-129.

Rerkasem K, Rerkasem B. 1984. Organic manures in intensive cropping systems. In: Organic Matter and Rice. Intl. Rice Res. Inst., Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines. pp. 517-531.

Singh RK, Bohra JS, Nath, Singh TY, Singh K. 2011. Integrated assessment of diversification of rice-wheat cropping system in Indo-Gangetic plain. Arch. Agronomy. Soil. Science 57(5), 489-506.