Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Effect of green manuring in combination with nitrogen on soil fertility and yield of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) under double cropping system of Sinana-dinsho, Southeast Ethiopia

Research Paper | February 1, 2011

| Download 23

Taye Belachew, Yifru Abera

Key Words: Land preparation, Forage legumes, Mono-cropping, Double cropping, Fertility

J. Bio. Env. Sci.1( 1), 1-11, February 2011


JBES 2011 [Generate Certificate]


An experiment was conducted at Sinana-Dinsho from 2001 to 2003 to evaluate the short term effects of substituting vetch green manuring for fallow in ‘Ganna’ season under double cropping system. Three land preparation treatments (weedy fallow, Vetch harvested and Vetch under ploughed) were used in the main plots with three nitrogen rates (0, 20.5 and 41 kg N/ha) in the subplot. After three weeks of green manuring, a slight decrease in pH and available phosphorus and an increase in organic carbon content was observed. Green manuring vetch and fallow treatments gave comparable plant height, grain yield and straw yield. But, when vetch biomass was harvested and removed at flowering stage, yield of bread wheat was reduced. However, the total farm productivity could be higher when livestock production was considered. Hence, growing forage legumes is preferable to fallowing the land.


Copyright © 2011
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of green manuring in combination with nitrogen on soil fertility and yield of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) under double cropping system of Sinana-dinsho, Southeast Ethiopia

Alemayehu M, Franzel S. 1987. Initial results of informal survey: Sinana mixed farming system zone. Working paper No. 1/87. IAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 52p.

Amanuel G, Asefa T, Tanner DG, Mwangi W. 1991. Onfarm research to derive fertilizer recommendations for small-scale bread wheat production: Methodological issues and technical results. Research paper No. 14. IAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 37p.

Amsal T, Tanner DG, Chanyalew M. 1997b. Effect of cropping sequence and nutrient application on crop parameters during the first three seasons of a wheat-based long-term trial in central Ethiopia. African crop science conference proceedings 3, 685-693.

Asnakew W, Tekalign M, Mengesha B, Tefera A. 1991. Soil fertility management studies on wheat in Ethiopia. pp. 112-144. In: Hailu Gebre-Mariam, Tanner DG, Mengistu Hulluka (eds.). Wheat research in Ethiopia: A historical perspective. IAR/CIMMYT, Addis Ababa.

Bengtsson A. 1961.  Försök  med  sötväppling.  Statens  Jordbruksförsök  Nr  116. Uppsala.42 p. (In Swedish; English summary).

Boparai BS, Singh Y, Sharma BD. 1992. Effect of green manure (Sesbania aculeata) on physical properties of soil and growth of wheat in rice-wheat and maize-wheat cropping systems. Int. Agrophysics 6, 95–101.

Dreyfus B, Rinando G, Dommergues Y. 1983. Observations on the use of Sesbania rostrata as green manure in paddy field. Mircen J. 1, 111–121.

Gomez AK, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical procedure for Agricultural Research (2nd ed.). John Wiley and Sons, New York. 680p.

Hailu B, Franzel S, Mwangi W. 1990. Constraints to increasing wheat production in the Ethiopian small holder sector. pp. 284-293. In: Tanner DG, Van Ginkel M, Mwangi W. (eds.). The sixth regional wheat workshop for Eastern, Central and Southern Africa. Mexico DF. CIMMYT.

Hargrove WL, Touchton JT, Johnson JW. 1983. Previous crop influence on fertilizer nitrogen requirements for double-cropped wheat. Agronomy Journal 75, 855-859.

Höök K. 1993. Baljväxter som gröngödslingsgröda. Ecological Agriculture 15. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala. 83 p. (In Swedish; English summary).

Kelssa K. 1988. Fertilizer requirement studies of maize (Zea mays L.) production in Ethiopia. In: Desta Beyene (eds.). A review of soil science research in Ethiopia. IAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Khan MA. 1968. Effect of various seed rate and burying stages of guara on yield of wheat, chari, bajra-fodder and soil fertility. M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. Agron., Univ. Agric., Faisalabad.

Kumar B, Sharma RPR, Prasad UK, Kumar B. 1998. Optimization of nitrogen use of wheat (Triticum aestivum) grown in sequence with rainy-season crops. Indian J. Agron., 43, 489–494.

Maiksteniene S, Arlauskiene A. 2004. Effect of preceding crops and green manure on the fertility of clay loam soil. Agronomy Research 2(1), 87-97.

McVay KA, Radcliffe DE, Hargrove WL. 1989. Winter legume effects on soil properties and nitrogen fertilizer requirements. Soil Science Society of America Journal. Volume 53, 1856-1862.

Narwal SS, Malik DS, Malik RS. 1983. Studies in multiple cropping. II. Effects of preceding grain legumes on the nitrogen requirement of wheat. Experimental Agriculture 19, 143-151.

Repetto R. 1986.  Economic  Policy  Reform  for  Natural  Resource  Conservation. World Resource Institute, Washington, D.C.

Sarah G, Tgemechu Degefa. 1996. The profitability of wheat production in Ethiopia: The case of Tiyo Woreda in Arsi region. pp. 199-212. In: Tanner DG, Payne TS, Abdalla OS. (eds). The Ninth regional wheat workshop for Eastern, Central and Southern Africa. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: CIMMYT.

Sinha MN, Hampaiah R, Rai RK. 1983. Studies on phosphorus use efficiency in cereal-cereal rotations. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 53, 893-898.

Tadesse Y. 1989. Effect of green manuring on soil fertility and grain yield of maize. Sebil 2 (1-2), 26-28.

Tanner DG, Amanuel G, Asafa T. 1993. Fertilizer effects on sustainability in the wheat based small holder farming systems of Ethiopia. Field crops research 33, 235-248.

Tilahun G, Kedir N, Feyisa T. 2000. Crop rotation effects on grain yield and yield components of bread wheat in the Bale highlands of Southeastern Ethiopia. pp 316-324. In: The eleventh wheat regional workshop for Eastern, Central and Southern Africa. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: CIMMYT.

Wivstad M. 1989. Ettårig gröngödsling – artblandningar och efterverkan. I Gröngödslingsgrödor och/eller fånggrödor, NJF Sem. Nr 159, pp. 6:1-11. Nordiska Jordbruksforskares Förening, Uppsala. (In Swedish).

Yeshanew A, Asgelil D. 1999. The effect of green manuring and application of fertilizer on the yield of bread wheat at Adet in Northwestern Ethiopia. pp 182-185. In: The tenth regional wheat workshop for Eastern, Central and Southern Africa. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: CIMMYT.