Effect of gypsum and farmyard manure on yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under saline sodic soil at Amibara, Ethiopia

Paper Details

Research Paper 10/07/2022
Views (356) Download (47)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Effect of gypsum and farmyard manure on yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under saline sodic soil at Amibara, Ethiopia

Teshome Bekele
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.21( 1), 1-10, July 2022.
Certificate: IJAAR 2022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Abundance of soil with saline sodic property in Amibara irrigated farms is becoming a threat to crop productivity. As part of the solution to such problem soils, combine application of gypsum and farmyard manure has not been investigated well in the area. Therefore study was conducted at Worer Agricultural Research Center using rice as a test crop during 2018 cropping season to evaluate their effect on yield and yeild componets of rice. Factorial combinations with three rates of FYM (0, 10 and 20t ha-1) and five rates of gypsum (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100% GR) were laid out in randomized complete complete block design with three replications. Composite surface soil samples before experiment and from each treatment after harvest were collected for laboratory analysis. Most growth and yield components parameters were significantly (P≤0.05) different due to the main and the interaction of GYP and FYM. Straw yield, tillering number, effective tillering number and grain yield were affected significantly by the interaction effect of GYP and FYM. The highest grain yield (4.27t ha-1) were obtained at application of 20t ha-1 FYM +75 % GR. From the results it could be concluded that application of 20t ha-1 FYM + 75 % GR enhance grain yield of upland rice grown on saline sodic soil of Amibara district.

VIEWS 39

Ashraf M, Harris PJ. 2004. Potential biochemical indicators of salinity tolerance in plants. Plant Sci. 166, 3-16.

Babu S, Marimuthu R, Manivannan V, Rameshku MS. 2001. Effect of organic and inorganic manures on growth and yield of rice. Agricultural Science Digest 21(4), 232-234.

Dash D, Patro H, Tiwari RC, Shahid M. 2011. Effect of organic and inorganic sources of N on growth attributes, grain and straw yield of rice (Oryza sativa). International Journal of Pharmacy & Life Sciences 2(4), 655-630.

Dutta D, Jana PK, Bandyopadhyay P. 2001.Growth analysis of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under rice cum prawn culture system. Euphytica 113, 109-118

Ghulam S, Khan MJ, Usman K, Shakeebullah. 2012. Effect of different rates of pressmud on plant growth and yield of lentil in calcareous soil. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 28(2), 249-252.

Girma MM, Awulachew SB. 2007. Irrigation practices in Ethiopia: Characteristics of selected irrigation schemes. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute, 80p. (IWMI Working Paper 124).

Gomez and Gomez H. 1984. Statistical analysis for agricultural research.. John Willy and Sons Inc. pp. 120-155.

Gondek K, Filipek-Mazur B. 2005.The effects of mineral treatment and the amendments by organic and organ mineral fertilizers on the crop yield, plant nutrient status and soil properties. Plant, Soil and Environment, 51, 34-45.

Haq I, Muhammad B, Iqbal F. 2007.Effect of gypsum and farm yard manure on soil properties and rice crop irrigated with brackish water. Soil Environ 26, 164-171.

Heluf Gebrekidan. 1985. Investigation on Salt-affected Soils and Irrigation Water Quality in

Loveday J. 1974. Methods for analysis of irrigated soils. Tech. Commun. no. 54. Commonwealth Agric. Bur., Farnham Royal, UK.

Madejon E, Lopes R, Murrilo M, Cabrera F. 2001. Agricultural use of three (sugarbeet) vinasse compost effects on crops and chemical properties of a cambisol soil in the Quadalquivirm River Valley (SW Spain). Agriculture Ecosystem Environment 84, 55-65

Melese Menaleshoa, Ashenafi Worku Wondimagegne Chekol and GirmaTadesse. 2016. Effect of Long-Term Continuous Cotton Mono-Cropping on Depletion of Soil NPK and Changes in Some Selected Soil Chemical Characters on Vertisols and Fluvisols. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 5(5), 163-169. MelkaSadi-Amibara Plain, Rift Valley Zone of Ethiopia. MSc. Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Moradi F, Ismail AM. 2007. Responses of photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence and ROS scavenging systems to salt stress during seedling and reproductive stages in rice. Ann. Bot 99, 1161-1173.

Murtaza G, Ghafoor A, Owens G, Qadir M, Kahlon UZ. 2009. Environmental and economic benefits of saline-sodic soil reclamation using low quality water and soil amendments in conjunction with a rice-wheat cropping system. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 195, 124-136

Önemli F. 2004. The effects of soil organic matter on seedling emergence in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Plant, Soil and Environment 50, 494-499.

Parida AK, Das AB. 2005. Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants: A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 60, 324-349.

Rao SP, Mishra B, Gupta SR, Rathore A. 2008. Reproductive stage tolerance to salinity and alkalinity stresses in rice genotypes. Plant Breeding 127, 256-261.

Robert NC, Ronny RD. 2012. Saline and sodic turf grass soils best management practices for assessment and reclamation. CRC Press: Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton London New York.

Shaaban IM, Abid M, Abou-Shanab RAI. 2013. Amelioration of salt affected soils in rice paddy system by application of organic and inorganic amendments 59(5), 227-233

Sharma DR, Minhas PS. 2004. Soil properties and yields of upland crops as influenced by long term use of water having variable residual alkalinity, salinity and sodicity. Journal of Indian Society of. Soil Science 1, 100-104

Sidiras N, Bilalis D, Vavoulidou E. 2002. Effects of tillage and fertilization on some selected physical properties of soil (0-30cm depth) and on the root growth dynamic of winter barley (Hordeum vulgare cv. Niki). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 187, 167-176.

Silveira JAG, Viegas RA, Rocha IMA, Moreira AC, Moreira RA, Oliveira JTA. 2003. Proline accumulation and glutamine synthetase activity are increased by salt-induced proteolysis in cashew leaves. Journal of Plant Physiology 160, 115-123.

Tajada M, Garcia C Gonzalea JL, Hernadez MT. 2006. Use of organic amendments as a strategy for saline soil remediation: influence on the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Journal of Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38, 1413-1421

Tekalign Tadese. 1991. Soil, plant, water, fertilizer, animal manure and compost analysis. Working Document No. 13. International Livestock Research Center for Africa, Addis Ababa

Todaka D, Nakashima K, Shinozaki K, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K. 2012. Towards understanding transcriptional regulatory networks in abiotic stress responses and tolerance in rice. Rice 5, 6.

Walker DJ, Bernal MP. 2008. The effect of olive mill waste compost and poultry manure on the availability and plant uptake of nutrients in highly salt affected soils. Bioresource technology 99, 396-403.

Wong VNL, Greene RSB, Dalal RC, Murphy BW. 2010. Soil carbon dynamics in saline and sodic soils: a review. Soil Use Management 26, 2-11.