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Effect of humic, fulvic acid and calcium foliar application on growth and yield of tomato plants

Research Paper | July 1, 2015

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M.E Husein, S. Abou El Hassan, M.M. Shahein

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Int. J. Biosci.7( 1), 132-140, July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/7.1.132-140


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This study was laid out to determine the effect of humic, fulvic acid and calcium foliar application on growth, yield and fruits quality of tomato plants. A field experimental in completely randomized block design with three replications was conducted at the Agricultural Experimental Station, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. The tomato transplants, ‘H9663’ cultivar, were grown on clay soil during the 2013 and 2014 seasons. The individual and combination applications of humic acid (0.4 %), fulvic acid (4%) and chelated calcium (0.25 %) solutions were applied as foliar sprays on tomato plants at four times (after two, four, six and eight weeks from transplanting). Growth and nutrients content (N, P, K and Ca) of tomato plants as well as yield and fruits quality were investigated in treated and untreated plants. Results indicated that all foliar applications of humic, fulvic acid and calcium , either individual or in combinations, increased vegetative growth, yield and fruit quality. On the other hand, these treatments decreased the incidence of blossom end rot in tomato fruits. Foliar application of humic acid plus fulvic acid plus calcium gave the maximum values in the investigated properties. In conclusion, application of humic, fulvic acid and calcium as foliar application improved the plant growth, yield and fruits quality of tomato.


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Effect of humic, fulvic acid and calcium foliar application on growth and yield of tomato plants

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الملخص العربى

تاثير الرش الورقى بحمض الهيوميك والفولفيك والكالسيوم على نمو وانتاج نباتات الطماطم

سـعد أبو الحسـن عبد العزيز1 محمد محمد شاهين2 محمد الشربينى حسين3 رواء صالح احمد الشطورى4

1المعمل المركزى للزراعة العضوية مركز البحوث الزراعية الجيزة مصر.

2 قسم الخضر كلية الزراعة جامعة القاهرة الجيزة مصر.

3 قسم االراضى كلية الزراعة جامعة القاهرة الجيزة مصر

.4 قسم البساتين كلية الزراعة جامعة قناة السويس االسماعيليه – مصر.

لدراسة تاثير الرش الورقى بحمض الهيوميك والفولفيك والكالسيوم على نمو وانتاج وجودة ثمار نباتات الطماطم . أجريت  تجربة حقلية بتصميم قطاعات كاملة العشوائية فى ثالث مكررات فى المزرعة البحثية  التابعة لكلية الزراعة   جامعة القاهرة جمهورية مصر العربية . تم زراعة شتالت الطماطم صنف هاينز3663 هجين  فى تربة طينية خالل موسمى 2113 و.  2114 تم  استخدام  محاليل  منفردة  ومخلوطة  من  حمض الهيوميك )%1.4(  والفولفيك )%4(  والكالسيوم المخلبى )%2.2( كرش ورقى على نباتات الطماطم بعد 2 و 4 و 6 و 8 اسابيع من الشتل . تم دراسة النمو والمحتوى الغذائى لنباتات الطماطم كما تم دراسة المحصول وجودة الثمار فى التباتات المعاملة والغير معاملة.

واشارت  النتائج  الى  ان  كل  معامالت  الرش  الورقى  لحمض  الهيوميك والفولفيك والكالسيوم سواء منفردة او مخلوطة زادت من النمو الخضرى والمحصول وجودة الثمار . من جهة اخرى هذه المعامالت قللت من االصابة بعفن الطرف الزهرى فى ثمار الطماطم . الرش الورقى بمخلوط حمض الهيوميك والفولفيك والكالسيوم اعطى اعلى قيم للصفات التى تم دراستها . خالصة  الدراسة  الى  ان  الرش  الورقى  بحمض  الهيوميك  والفولفيك والكالسيوم يحسن من نمو النباتات والمحصول وجودة ثمار الطماطم