Effect of indigenous and artificial mulches on yield attributes and yield of white maize (Zea mays L.)

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Research Paper 01/06/2018
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Effect of indigenous and artificial mulches on yield attributes and yield of white maize (Zea mays L.)

Sharmin Akter Ranu, Kamal Uddin Ahamed
Int. J. Biosci.12( 6), 281-291, June 2018.
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Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most promising cereal grains in the world but yield of maize is significantly limited by availability of water in different seasons. Mulching is widely used to improve the maize yields. The present study was conducted to find out the effect of indigenous and artificial mulches on yield attributes and yield of white maize under Bangladesh conditions. This experiment was carried on plant materials for white maize varieties such as Shuvra and KS-510 (hybrid variety) and on mulch materials such as control (without mulch), water hyacinth, rice straw, black polythene, white polythene, transparent polythene etc. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. It was found that the grain yields for Shuvra and KS-510 white maize was obtained to be 21.4 t ha -1 and 19.7 t ha-1 with rice straw mulch. On the other hand, the grain yield for Shuvra and KS-510 white maize was estimated to be 6.02 t ha-1 and 6.707 t ha-1 with control treatment. The obtained results suggest that the rice straw mulch is useful to obtain the highest grain yield of white maize as compared to other mulches.


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