Effect of inoculation on green fodder yield of berseem and persian clover at agro climatic conditions of Hazara Division Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/11/2019
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Effect of inoculation on green fodder yield of berseem and persian clover at agro climatic conditions of Hazara Division Pakistan

Sajjad Khan, Ayub Khan, Zulfiqar Ali, Allah Bakhsh, Ashiq Saleem, Usama Hameed, Khalid Khan
Int. J. Biosci.15( 5), 370-376, November 2019.
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Fodder is the major and cheap source of livestock feed in Pakistan. Among fodder crops, Legumes have a key role in animals feed by providing palatable and nutritious fodder. Earth atmosphere is enriched with nitrogen (78%). Some plants have ability to make use of that nitrogen utilizing a symbiotic relation with some bacteria. Berseem and Persian clovers (Shaftal) can get benefit from this ability in far better way. Keeping this factor in mind an experiment was conducted at National Tea and High Value Crops Research Institute (NTHRI) Shinkiari Mansehra in Rabbi 2016-17. In this experiment, berseem and Persian clovers was grown in factorial randomized complete block design (RCBD) in three replications. Two factors were used viz. crops (Berseem and Persian clovers ) and inoculation (Inoculated and non-inoculated).Inoculation was done with type R inoculums. Data were collected on plant height, root length, nodulation, and biomass yield parameters at appropriate morphological and physiological stages. On subjection to statistical analysis the results revealed significances changes in biomass production and nodules formation as compared to control treatments. While comparing both crops regarding inoculation Persian clovers produced more biological yield however, more nodulation was recorded in berseem. In comparison with control inoculated Persian clovers produced 7.30 % more green fodder yield while inoculated berseem produced 4.08 % more green fodder yield. These finding recommends inoculation of berseem and Persian clover for more green fodder production.


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