Effect of living mulches on yield components of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and weed seed productivity in line with sustainable agriculture

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2014
Views (224) Download (5)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Effect of living mulches on yield components of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and weed seed productivity in line with sustainable agriculture

Sirous Hassannejad, Ahmad Reza Mobli
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.4( 4), 148-154, April 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In order to evaluate the effects of some cover crops as living mulches on yield components of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and weed seed productivity in sunflower field, an experiment was done in 2012 at the Research Field of Tabriz University, Iran. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with nine treatments in three replications. Treatments included triticale, hairy vetch, rapeseed, triticale + hairy vetch, triticale + rapeseed, hairy vetch + rapeseed, application of trifluralin herbicide, and controls (weed infested and weed free without planting cover crop). Result indicated than in all cover crops treatments weeds seed production was reduced. Maximum reduction in seed production for total weed species was observed in hairy vetch + rapeseed (69.17%), and also 65.37% reduction in weed seed productivity was observed in triticale + rapeseed compared to weed infested treatment. Although weed seed production was reduced due to presence of these living mulches, but yield components of sunflower were significantly affected by treatments, too. Triticale had lowest effect on yield components of sunflower. On the other hand, not significantly differences were found between trifluralin usage and triticale. Using of living mulch as a strategy to reduce the damage of weeds and application of herbicide can be helpful in integrated weed management and sustainable agriculture.

VIEWS 6

Akobundu IO, 1993. Integrated weed management techniques to reduce soil degradation. International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria Research Notes, 6, 11–16.

Bond W, Grundy AC, 2001. Non-chemical weed management in organic farming systems. Weed Res. 41, 383-405.

Brennan EB, Smith RE, 2005. Winter cover crop growth and weed suppression on the central coast of California. Weed Technol. 19, 1017-1024.

Bridges DC, 1994. Impact of weed on human endeavors. Weed Technol. 8: 392-395.

Costello MJ, 1994. Broccoli growth, yield and level of aphid infestation in leguminous living mulches. Biol. Agric. Hort. 10, 207–222.

Cromar HE, Murphy SD, Swanton CJ, 1999. Influence of tillage and crop residue on post dispersal predation of weed seeds. Weed Sci. 47, 184-194.

De Haan RL, Wyse DL, Ehlke NJ, Maxwell BD, Putnam DH, 1994. Simulation of spring-seeded smoother plants for weed control in corn (Zea mays). Weed Sci. 42, 35–43.

Echtenkamp GW, Moomaw RS, 1989. No-till corn production in a living mulch system. Weed Technol. 3, 261–266.

Finch S, 1993. Integrated pest management of the cabbage root fly and carrot fly. Crop Protec. 12(6), 423-430.

Fischer A, Burrill L, 1993. Managing interference in a sweet corn–white clover living mulch system. Am. J. Alternative Agric. 8(2), 51–56.

Gaskin JF, 2006. Clonal structure of invasive hoary cress (Lepidium draba) infestations. Weed Sci. 54, 428–434.

Grimmer OP, Masiunas JB, 2004. Evaluation of winter-killed cover crops preceding snap pea. Hort. Technol. 14, 349-355.

Grubinger VP, Minotti PL, 1990. Managing white clover living mulch for sweet corn production with partial rototilling. Am. J. Alternative Agric. 5, 4–12.

Guldan SJ, Martin CA, Cueto-Wong J, Steiner RL, 1996. Interseeding legumes into chile: Legume productivity and effect in chile yield. Hort. Sci, 31, 1126-1128.

Hallberg GR, 1989. Pesticide pollution of ground water in the humid United States. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ, 26, 299–367.

Hanson JC, Lichtenberg E, Decker AM, Clark AJ, 1993. Profitability of no-tillage corn following a hairy vetch cover crop. J. Prod. Agric. 6, 432-437.

Harris RF, Chesters G, Allen ON, 1966. Dynamics of soil aggregation. Adv. Agron. 18, 107-169.

Hassannejad S, Porheidar-Ghafarbi S, 2013. Allelopathic effects of Allspice, Eucalyptus, Jujube, and Persian walnut on field dodder (Cuscuta campestris Yunck.) seed germination and seedling growth. International journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. 4 (3), 442-449.

Hoffman ML, Regnier EE, Cardina J, 1993. Weed and corn (Zea mays) responses to a hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) cover crop. Weed Technol, 7, 594-599.

Holt JS, LeBaron HN, 1990. Significance and distribution of herbicide resistance. Weed Technol. 4, 141-149.

Hoyt GD, Hargrove WL, 1986. Legume cover crops for improving crop and soil management in the southern united states. Hort. Sci. 21, 397-402.

Infante ML, Morse RD, 1996. Integration of no tillage and overseeded legume living mulches for transplanted broccoli production. Hort. Sci. 31, 376-380.

Jannink JL, Orf JH, Jordan NR, Shaw RG, 2000. Index selection for weed suppressive ability in soybean. Crop Sci, 40, 1087–1094.

Kruidhof HM, Bastiaans L, Kropff MJ, 2008. Ecological weed management by cover cropping, effects on weed growth in autumn and weed establishment in spring. Weed Res. 48, 492-502.

Malik RK, Green TH, Brown GF, Mays D, 2000. Use of cover crops in short rotation hardwood plantations to control erosion. Biomass and Bioenergy. 18, 479-487

Martin RC, Greyson PR, Gordon R, 1999. Competition between corn and a living mulch. Can. J. Plant Sci. 79, 579–586.

Mohler CL, Callaway MB, 1995. Effects of tillage and mulch on weed seed production and seed banks in sweet corn. J. Appl. Ecol. 32, 627–639.

Nzabi AW, 2000. KARI Kisii Annual Report. 86, 95 – 96

Obaga SMO, Tana P, Oyure AO, Ngoti B, 2000. Effect of green manure legume and combined low rates of organic and inorganic fertilizers on striga weed and maize yield in Kendu Bay, southwest Kenya. A paper in the proceedings of the 2nd Scientific Conference of the Soil Management and Legume Research Network Projects June, 2000. Mombasa, Kenya p 190.

Onyango C, Oduwo A, Okoko N, Kidula N, Mureithi JG, 2000. Green manuring to improve soil fertility and reduce striga weed infestation in smallholder farms in South Nyanza, Kenya. A paper in the proceedings of the 2nd Scientific Conference of the Soil Management and Legume Research Network Projects June, 2000 Mombasa, Kenya p 14.

Peachey RE, William RD, Mallory-Smith C, 2004. Effect of no-till or conventional planting and cover crop residues on weed emergence in vegetable row crops. Weed Technol. 18, 1023-1030.

Pederson PE, Bures J, Albrecht KA, 2009. Soybean production in a kura clover living mulch system. Agron. J. 101, 653-656.

Singh HP, Batish DR, Kohli RK, 2003. Allelopathic interactions and allelochemicals: New possibilities for sustainable weed management. Critical Reviews in Plant Sci. 22, 239-311.

Steenwerth K, Belina KM, 2008. Cover crops enhance soil organic matter, carbon dynamics and microbiological function in a vineyard agroecosystem. Appl. Soil Ecol. 40, 359-369.

Stoller EW, Wax LM, Alm DM, 1993. Survey results on environmental issues and weed science research priorities within the Corn Belt. Weed Technol. 7, 763–770.

Teasdale JR, 1996. Contribution of cover crops to weed management in sustainable agricultural systems. J. Prod. Agric. 9, 475–479.

Thiessen-Martens JR, Hoeppner JW, Entz MH, 2001. Legume cover crops with winter cereals in southern Manitoba, Establishment, productivity, and microclimate effects. Agron. J. 93, 1086-1096.

Zemenchik RA, Albrecht KA, Boerboom CM, Lauer JG, 2000. Corn production with kura clover as a living mulch. Agron. J. 92, 698–705.

Zhao DL, Atlin GN, Bastiaans L, Spiertz JHJ, 2006. Cultivar weed-competitiveness in aerobic rice: heritability, correlated traits, and the potential for indirect selection in weed-free environments. Crop Sci. 46, 372–380.