Effect of NPK on various soilless and soil-based substrates on the growth, yield and quality of Zinnia (Zinnia elegans L.)

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Research Paper 01/03/2020
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Effect of NPK on various soilless and soil-based substrates on the growth, yield and quality of Zinnia (Zinnia elegans L.)

Hamza Khan, Shahid Javed Butt, Zia-Ul-Haq, Ismara Naseem
Int. J. Biosci.16( 3), 535-547, March 2020.
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Zinnia (Zinnia elegans) is a wonderful summer annual flower belongs to Asteraceae family. In Pakistan, different types of media are using for zinnia from many years. The appropriate potting media is vital for quality flower production as it play important role in the uptake of nutrients by enhancing root development. It is cultivated in many types of soils, soil combinations or with the adding of organic matter and materials without soil that may include sand. Nutrients, Nitrogen, Phosphorus & Potassium play an important role in the production of good quality flowers. Nitrogen is essential for the creation of biomass along with the bio synthesis of enzymes in the crysanthemum leaves. Chrysanthemums take up nitrogen at a uniform rate from the time of planting to the flowering stage and after that time nitrogen uptake decreases. Phosphorus is a key component in the development of high vitality mixes, for example, AMP, ADP and ATP, adding to improve yield and nature of harvests, assuming fundamental job in photosynthesis and breath. It is fundamental for vitality change in plant cells, cell division, advancement of meristem tissue, early root improvement, blossoming and seed improvement. Results shown that maximum flowering duration (34.6 days) were recorded in plant grown in Soil + PM media, which was statistically similar to Soil + CC media having flowering duration of 34.3 days, while minimum flowering duration (27.2 days) were recorded in plant grown in sand substrate, which were statistically similar to Soil + Sand media.


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