Effect of peppermint (Mentha piperita) on growth performance and survival rate of common carp

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Research Paper 01/11/2019
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Effect of peppermint (Mentha piperita) on growth performance and survival rate of common carp

Nuzhat Sial, Shehla Taj, Farooq Ahmad, Sobia Abid, Mariyam Javed, Khansa Nadeem
Int. J. Biosci.15( 5), 341-349, November 2019.
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Mentha piperita was used as supplement diet for common carp Cyprinus carpio to check its effect on fish. Total 60 fingerlings were purchased from Govt. fish hatchery Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. After 3 days of adjustment of fish in aquarium, fingerlings were divided into four equal groups named as group A, B, C and D. There were 15 fishes in each aquarium. Experiment duration was of 3 months, from May 2018 to August 2018. All fishes were fed twice daily @ 4 % of their body weight. Fish feed was supplemented with different percentages of Mentha piperita Peppermint leave to observe the feed efficiency and growth rate. Different percentages of peppermint leave were 0.00 %, 10%, 20% and 30% with groups name A, B, C and D respectively. Growth parameters including body weight, weight gain, body length increased significantly in all groups when compared with control group but specific growth rate and body resistant ratio significantly increased during experiment. Growth rate and resistance for mortality was high in group D (30%). The results showed that feed with Mentha piperita reduced the mortalities and improved the P value (0.05>) significantly, also enhanced the survival rate, weight gain and feed conversion ratio of treated groups over the control group. This study concluded that growth parameters like body weight and survival rate of Cyprinus carpio increased significantly by feeding a feed containing 30% Mentha piperita. Hence, this work is very helpful to the field of aquaculture and important for the fisheries industry in Pakistan.


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