Effect of phospho-potassium fertilization on yield of Deglet Nour date palm grown in gypsum soil and irrigated with salted water (Biskra southeast Algeria)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2017
Views (276) Download (13)

Effect of phospho-potassium fertilization on yield of Deglet Nour date palm grown in gypsum soil and irrigated with salted water (Biskra southeast Algeria)

Ouamane Rim, Reguieg Yssaad Houcine Abdelhakim, Masmoudi Ali
Int. J. Biosci.11( 2), 68-76, August 2017.
Certificate: IJB 2017 [Generate Certificate]


A field of study was carried out during the two consecutive years (2015-2016) on 30 years old Deglet-Nour cultivar that was grown in gypsum soil and irrigated with salt water which caused serious problems of soil salinity. Palms were fertilized with three levels of potassium (0, 2 and 3 kg /palm) as potassium sulphate K2SO4 (50%) combined with three levels of phosphorus (0, 1 and 2 kg/palm) as superphosphate (TSP) in order to study their influence on the yield, fruit quality and the necessary duration for the responses of palm tree to these fertilizing elements in such conditions. Data showed that applying 2 kg of potassium combined with 1 kg of phosphorus increased the yield and gave better results of fruits weight, length, diameter and weight of pulp. Fruits’ chemical characteristic also improved by the same treatment after two years of the study.


Abbas F, Fares A. 2008.Best management practices in citrus production. Tree Forestry Science and   Biotechnology 3, 1-11.

Ahmed IA, Ahmed AWK, Robinson RK. 1995. Chemical composition of date varieties as influenced by the stage of ripening. Food Chemistry 54(2), 305–309.

Aidoo KE, Tester RF, Morrison JE, MacFarlane D. 1996. The composition and microbial quality of pre-packed dates purchased in Grater Glasgow. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 31(1), 433–438.

Al-Kharusi LM, Elmardi MO, Ali A, Al-Julanda F, Al-Said L, Abdelbasit K, Al-Alpha JM, Chen J, Zhang G. 2009. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer forms on growth, photosynthesis, and yield of rice under cadmium stress. Journal of  Plant Nutrition 32(2),  306-317.

Al-Shahib W, Marshall RJ. 2003. The fruit of the date palm. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition 54(4), 247–259.

Anonyme, 1985. La fertilisation. Fédération national de l’industrie des engrais, 74p.

AOAC. 1995. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Official Methods of Analysis, 15th ed. A.O.A.C., Washington, DC.

Archer J. 1985. Crop nutrition and fertilizer use. Farming Press XL td. 258 p.

Bacha MA, Abo-Hassan AA. 1982. Effects of soil fertilization on yield, fruit quality and mineral content of khudari date palm variety; first symposium on date palm Arabia Saudi  P 174-179.

Bliss E, Mathez E. 1983. The Arkell date garden fertilizer experiments. Date growers Institute 22, 25-33.

Bamiftah MAO. 2000. Effect of potassium fertilization and bunch thinning on yield and fruit quality of ‘Zaghloul’ date palm. M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture Science, Saba Basha, Alex. University.

Barbin P. 2006. Contrôle et Elements De Maitrise De La Contamination Par La Levure Brettanomyces Au Cours Du Procedéde Vinification En Rouge: 257. Thèse de doctorat de l’institut national polytechnique de toulouse, France.286 p.

Bartels D, Sunkar R. 2005. Drought  and salt tolerance in plants. Crit. Review. Plant Science 24(1), 23–58.

Booij I, Piombo G, Risterucci JM, Coupe M, Thomas Merry D. 1992. Study on the chemical composition of dates at different stages of maturity for the varietal characterization of various cultivars of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.). Fruits 47, 667-678.

Burton WG. 1982. Postharvest physiology of food crops Longman, New York  310p.

Cairns RR, Lavado RS, Webster GR. 1981 – Yield depression caused by gypsum applied in combination with NH4 NO3, to a Solonetzic soil. Investigaciones  Agricolas 16, 1-10.

Castillon P, Colomb B, Decroux J, Diab M, Fardeau JC, Laurent F, Masse J, Plet Villemin P. 1995. Aide au diagnostic et a la prescription de la fertilisation phosphatée et potassique des grandes cultures. Comifère.3-23.

Dakheel A. 2005. Date Palm Tree and Biosaline  Agriculture in the United Arab Emirates. In: The Date Palm: From Traditional Resource to Green Wealth. UAE Center of Studies and Strategy Researches, Abu Dhabi, UAE .247-263.

Dialami H, Pezhman H. 2005. Effects of potassium sulfate, potassium nitrate and manganese sulfate on yield and fruit quality of ‘Toory’ date palm cultivar grown in Iran. Iran, Hormozgan Province. First international festival and symposium on Gdate Palm,P4.

Dialami H, Mohebi AH. 2010. Increasing yield and fruit quality of date palm ‘Sayer’ with application of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium optimum levels. Acta- Horticulture 88(2), 353- 360.

El- Hammady AM, Khalifa AS, Montasser AS. 1991.  Effect of potash fertilization on ‘Seewy’ date palms. Effect on yield  and fruit quality. Egypt. Journal Horticulture 18(2), 199-210.

Epstein E. 1972. Mineral nutrition of Plants- Principles  and Perspective. John Wiley and Sons. Inc. New York.412 p.

Evans HJ, Sorger GJ. 1966. Role of mineral-elements with emphasis on the univalent cations.  Annual  Revew.  Plant Physiology 17, 47-76.

Evenhuis B, Waard PWF. 1980. Principles and practices in plant analysis, Royal Tropical institute., Amsterdam (Netherlands).

Fageria NK, Baligar VC. 2005. Enhancing nitrogen use efficiency in crop plants. Advances in Agronomy 88, 97-185.

Fisher EG, Parker KG, Luepschen NS. 1959Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 78-90.

Florea N, Al-Joumaa Kh. 1998. Genesis and classification of gypsiferous soils of the Middle Euphrates floodplain. Syria. Geoderma 87, 67-85.

Furr JR, Currlin EC, Hilgeman RH, Reuther W. 1955. An irrigation and fertilization experiment with Deglet Noor dates. Date Growers’ Inst. Rep 28, 17-20.

Hussein F, Moustafa S, EI Samiraie F, Mahdi M. 1977. Effect of Nitrogen fertilization on growth, yield and fruit quality of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Res. Bull. No.12. Ministry of Agriculture and Water, Research and Development Department, Saudi Arabia.

Karami Y. 2009. Effect of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on date palm, cultivar ‘Sayer’. Final report of research design, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Iran.

Kassem HA, El-Shabrout MB, Attia MM. 1997. Effect of nitrogen and potassium fertilization on yield fruit quality and leaf mineral content in some Egyptian soft date varieties. Alex. Journal of  Agricultural Research. 42(1), 137-157.

Kassem HA. 2012. The response of date palm to calcareous soil fertilization. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 12 (1), 45-58.

Klein P, Zaid A. 2000. Date palm fertilization: Udapted information for modern Date cultivation in Namibia,189-194.

Mashali AM. 1996. Soil management for gypsiferous soils: A revew. Proceedings of  International  Symposium on soils with gypsum. Lleida, 15-21 sep. Edicions Universitat de Lleida. Lleida, Spain, 203 p.

Mengel K, Kirkby E. 1978.Principles of plant nutrition International Potash Institute, Worblaufen-Bern, Switzerland,419-431.

Mohamed S, Alhammadi, Shyam Kurup S. 2012. Impact of Salinity Stress on Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L): A revew. Crop Production Technologies: Peeyush Sharma, 169-179.

Munns R, Tester M. 2008. Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance. Annual Reviews Plant Biology, 59, 651-681.

Munns R. 2005. Genes and salt tolerance: bringing them together. New Phytol. 167(3), 645–663.

Murphy J, Riley JP. 1962. A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta 27, 31-36.

Saleh J. 2009. Yield and chemical composition of ‘piarom’ Date-Palm Phoenix dactylifra as affected by nitrogen and phosphorus levels. International Journal of Plant Production (IJPP), 2, 57-64.

Shabana Hassan AR, Abd wahab Z, Abd al kader IS. 2006. Physiology  and production of  Date palm, protection after production. Food and  Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome Italy, 132 p.

Youssif AK, Morton ID, Mustafa AI. 1989. Studies on date paste. I. Evaluation and Standardization. In: Proceedings of the Second Symposium on the Date Palm in Saudi Arabia. King Faisal University, Al-Hassa. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Mars Publishing House, 85–91.