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Effect of Piriformospora indica on antioxidant enzymes activity of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) under lead stress

Research Paper | December 1, 2013

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Nasrin Sartipnia, Ramazan-Ali Khavari-Nejad, Valiollah Babaeizad, Taher Nejad-Sattari, Farzaneh Najafi

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Int. J. Biosci.3( 12), 55-64, December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.12.55-64


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The endomycorrhizal fungus Piriformospora indica is well known for inducing disease resistance, elevation of salt tolerance and increasing biomass in symbiotic plants. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of P. indica on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) under lead stress (Concentrations of 1 and 2 mM Pb (NO3)‌2). Lead (Pb) is not an essential nutrient for plants and is known as a hazardous pollutant in the environment which originates from various sources. In this study, the effect of lead toxicity and P. indica on antioxidant enzyme activities in both mycorrhizal (MR) and non-mycorrhizal (NMR) tomato plants were investigated. The experiment was performed by using six treatments (mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal with and without lead stress) and two concentrations of Pb (1and 2 mM Pb (NO3)2 solution) and then antioxidant enzyme activities (CAT, SOD and APX) in roots and stems of plants were determined. The results demonstrated that lead could affect the activity of antioxidant enzymes in treating plants. As well, in most cases, the rates of the enzyme activities were higher in roots than those of stems, but the impact Pb treatment on enzyme activities in P. indica colonized plants was not significant.


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Effect of Piriformospora indica on antioxidant enzymes activity of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) under lead stress

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