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Effect of polluted municipal waste water on growth yield and heavy metal accumulation in wheat plants

Research Paper | October 1, 2021

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Amer Nawaz, Ijaz Rasool Noorka

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Int. J. Biosci.19( 4), 10-18, October 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.4.10-18


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This research was carried out to study the effects of wastewater on yield attributes andaccumulation of wastewater wheat grains. Pre and post green revolution selected wheat varieties were crossed in diallel mating fashion. F1 crosses along with parents were sown in pots by using three water sources i.e. Ground water, Canal water and wastewater in three replications. Ground water was used as control in the experiment. Under wastewater condition, the traits like plant height, Number of spikes per plant and grain yield per plant showed increasing trend while spike length showed decreasing trend as compared to control. The concentration of heavy metals Cr, Zn and Pb in wheat grains was determined by Flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS).The concentration of Cr was found lowest of three metals while Zn showed highest concentration. The concentration of heavy metals was found higher under wastewater condition than control but it was less than permissible limits under both water conditions.


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Effect of polluted municipal waste water on growth yield and heavy metal accumulation in wheat plants

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