Effect of potential of Beauveria bassiana and Metarrhizium sp. to control the Plutella xylostella pest in South Kalimanatan

Paper Details

Research Paper 18/05/2023
Views (705) Download (83)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Effect of potential of Beauveria bassiana and Metarrhizium sp. to control the Plutella xylostella pest in South Kalimanatan

Akhmad Rizali, Noor Laili Aziza
Int. J. Micro. Myco.16( 5), 14-21, May 2023.
Certificate: IJMM 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Plutella xylostella is an insect pest with a wide range of hosts and the resulting losses are enormous, so control is very necessary. Biological control is one of the most widely used control strategies with active ingredients of microorganisms such as entomopathogenic fungi. This study aimed to analyze the ability of two entomopathogenic fungi, namely Beauveria bassiana and Metarrhizium spp. in South Kalimantan. The experimental design used was completely randomized design. Observation of symptoms of caterpillar larvae mortality P. xylostella placed on the trays showed the presence of hypa B. bassiana and Metarrhizium spp. growing on the caterpillar, fungi attacks are characterized by the insect body becoming stiff and hard, and the insect body will come out as a white hypa, this shows the conidia of the two entomopathogenic fungi. The results of this study indicated that the two entomopathogenic fungi have the potential to control P. xylostella in South Kalimantan with a concentration of 1.5g of entomopathogenic fungi un 100ml of distilled water.

VIEWS 92

Aw KMS, Hue SM. 2017. Mode of Infection of Metarrhizium sp. Fungus and Their Potential as Biological Control Agent. J. Fungi 3(30), 1-20.

Ayudya DWIR, Herlinda S, Suwandi S. 2019. Insecticidal activity of culture filtrates from liquid medium of Beauveria bassiana isolates from South Sumatra (Indonesia) wetland soil against larvae of Spodoptera litura. Journal Biodiversitas 20(8), 2101-2109.

Barnett HL. 1960. Ilustrated Genera of Imperfecty Fungy. U.S.A.: BurgessPub. Co.

Barron. 2005. Beauveria bassiana. Kanada: University of Guelph, Ontario.

Brady BLK. 1979. Pathogenic Fungi andBacteria. England: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.

Broome JR, Sikorowski PP, Norment BR. 1976. A mechanism of pathogenicity of Beauveria bassiana on larvae of the imported fire ant (Solenopsis richteri). J. Invertebr. Pathol 28, 87-91.

Brownbridge M, Costa S, Jaronski ST. 2001. Effects of in vitro passage of Beauveria bassianaon virulence to Bemisia argentifolii. J. Invertebr. Pathol 77, 280-283.

Cheung PYK, Grula EA. 1982. In vivo events associated with entomopathology of Beauveria bassiana for the corn earworm (Heliothis zea). J. Invertebrate Pathology 39, 303-313.

Clarkson JM, Charnley AK. 1996. New insights into the mechanisms of fungal pathogens in insects. Trends Microbiol 4, 197-203.

Hidayati NN, Yuliani, Kuswanti N. 2013. The effect of suren leaf extract and mahagony leaf on mortality and feeding activity of leaf worms (Plutella xylostella) on cabbage. J. Lentera Bio (2), 95-99.

Humphreys AM, Matewele P, Trinci APJ. 1989. Effects of water activity on morphology, growth, and blastospore production of Metarrhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana, and Paecilomyces farinosusin batch and fed-batch culture.Mycological Research 92, 257-264.

Ihsan T, Edwin T, Husni N, Rukmana WD. 2018. Acute toxicity test in the determination of LC50-96H insecticide chlorpyrifos against two types of fish cultured at Twin Lakes, West Sumatera. Environmental Science Journal 16(1), 98-103.

Indrayani I. 2011. The potential for entomopathogenic Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson to control Helicoverpa armigera Hubner in cooton. J. Perspektif 10(1), 11-21

Kotta NRE, Trisyono YA, Wijonarko A. 2018. Resistence Level of Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) on Cypermethrin in the Regency of Kupang. J. Perlintan Indo 22(2), 186-192.

Krutmuang P, Mekchay S. 2005. Pathogenicity of entomopathogenic fungi Metarrhizium anisopliae against termites. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development. Oct 11-13, 2005. Jerman: Stuttgart-Hohenheim.

Philips CR, Fu Z, Kuhar TP, Shelton AM, Cordero RJ. 2014. Natural History, Ecology, and Management of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), with Emphasis on the Unites States. J. Integ. Pest. Mngmt. 5(3), 1-11.

Rai D, Updhyay V, Mehra P, Rana M, Pandey AK. 2014. Potential of entomopathogenic fungi as biopesticides. Ind J Sci Res and Tech 2(5), 7-13.

Samsinakova A. 1966. Growth and Sporulation of Submersed Cultures of The Fungus Beauveria bassiana in Various Media. Journal of Invertebrata Phatology 8, 395-400.

Suriati S. 2008. Beauveria bassiana and Metarrhizium anisopliae environmentally friendly bio insecticides. Report on research and development of indusrial plants 14(2), 30-31.

Tanada Y, Kaya HK. 1993. Insect pathology. San Diego: Academic Press. 666 p.

Trizelia. 2005. Entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana (Bals) Vuill.(Deutromycota: Hyphomycetes): genetic diversity, physiological characteristics and virulence against Crocidolomia pavonana (F.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Disertation. Bogor. IPB.

Utami RS, Isnawati, Ambarwati R. 2014. Exploration and characterization of B. bassiana entomopathogenic fungi from Magelang and Magetan districts. J. Lentera Bio 3(1), 59-66.

Xu J, Xu X, Shakeel M, Li S, Wang S, Zhou X, Yu J, Xu X, Yu X, Jin F. 2017. The entomopathogenic fungi Isaria fumosorosea plays a vital role in suppressing the immune system of Plutella xylostella: RNA-Seq and DGE analysis of immunity-related genes. Front. Microbiol 8, 1421. [PubMed]

Zafar J, Shoukat RF, Zhang Y, Freed S, Xu X, Jin F. 2020. Metarrhiziumanisopliae Challenges Immunity and Demography of Plutella xylostella. J. Insects 11, 1-15

Zalucki MP, Shabbir A, Silva R, Adamson D, Shu-Sheng L, Furlong MJ. 2012. Estimating the economic cost of one of the world’s major insect pests, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae): just how long is a piece of string?. J. Econ. Entomol 105, 1115-1129.