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Research Paper | November 1, 2019

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Effect of pre-delivery body mass index and gestational weight gain oninfant weight

Riffat Aisha, Atif Akbar, Waqas Ghulam Hussain

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Int. J. Biosci.15(5), 218-226, November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.5.218-226


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It is well known that over-weight particularly for pregnant women is an alarming constraint for both mother and child.So, in the present study investigated the impacts of different pre-delivery body mass indexes (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on the risk of delivering a high birth weight infant in Pakistan. A retrospective cohort study was conducted from 2017 to 2018 in the Civil Hospital of Multan City, Punjab Province and 3433 women who had a singleton birth were included in the study. A logistic regression model and quantile regression model were used to analyze the association. The risk of delivering high birth weight infant increases when the mother’s pre-delivery body mass index exceeds 24 kg/m2. Compared with women whose pre-delivery body mass index was 21 kg/m2, the risk of delivering a high birth weight infant doubled when the mother’s pre-delivery body mass index was 29 kg/m2, and nearly tripled when the mother’s pre-delivery body mass index was 31 kg/m2. When the mother experiences a gestational weight gain greater than 27 kg, the risk of delivering a high birth weight infant is greater than that for a mother who has a gestational weight gain of 12.0 kg. Proposed strategies to raise public awareness of the risks to infants posed by high maternal pre-delivery body mass index and gestational weight gain are required. Generally, all clinical recommendations and measures are for all pregnant women, not just overweight and obese pregnant women, which needs to be considered also.


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Effect of pre-delivery body mass index and gestational weight gain oninfant weight

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