Effect of pruning and row distance on some characteristics in karela

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Research Paper 01/01/2015
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Effect of pruning and row distance on some characteristics in karela

Mahnaz Sarani, Ahmad Mehraban, Hamid Reza Ganjali
Int. J. Biosci.6( 1), 1-8, January 2015.
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Abstract

Medicinal plant is defined as any substance with one or more of its organ containing properties that can be used for therapeutic purposes or which can be used as precursors for the synthesis of various drugs. Momordica charantia (MC), also known as karela, bitter melon or balsam pear, is one of the plants commonly used for its glucose-lowering effects. Momordica charantia, commonly known as “Karela” (Family Cucurbitaceae), is a tropical household vegetable used as daily food and also as folk medicine especially for diabetes. Optimum plant population is the prerequisite for obtaining maximum yield. Plant density is invariably linked with yield, the more plant stands there are up to a certain limit, the higher the expected yield. The field experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with facrorial design with three replications. Treatments consisted of row distance in four level (50, 75, 100 and 125 cm) and pruning in three level (no pruning, pruning of main stem and pruning of sub stem). Analysis of variance showed that the effect of row distance on all characteristics was significant.

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