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Effect of salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate on growth and secondary metabolites in Cuminum cyminum L.

Abdol Rahman Rahimi, Asad Rokhzadi, Sheno Amini, Ezzat Karami

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.3(12), 140-149, December 2013

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Abstract

In order to study the effect of salicylic acid (SA) and Methyl jasmonate (MeJa) on growth, yield and essential oil (EO) quantity and quality of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.), the plants were sprayed with concentration of 0 (control: distilled water), 0.01, 0.1 and 1 mM of SA and MeJa. Results showed that the lowest concentrations of SA (0.01 and 0.1 mM) resulted in significant promotion of plant height and number of branches and umbels per plant. Fruit yield and EO yield significantly increased by the application of 0.1 mM SA. The EO percentage was increased by SA and MeJA application; however the increase of EO was more evident by applying the SA treatments. Twenty-two compounds were identified in cumin EO by GC-MS and GC analysis and the major compounds were γ-Terpinene-7-al, Cumin aldehyde, α-Terpinene-7-al, ρ-Cymene and β-pinene respectively. The α-Terpinene-7-al was more affected by treatments, and it considerably reduced by 1 mM SA and MeJa.

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Effect of salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate on growth and secondary metabolites in Cuminum cyminum L.

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