Effect of salinity and prey algae on Artemia sinica (Anostraca: Artemiidae) growth and survival

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2014
Views (228) Download (9)

Effect of salinity and prey algae on Artemia sinica (Anostraca: Artemiidae) growth and survival

Shaukat Ali, Farida Begum, Syed Arif Hussain, Muhammad Akbar, Sujjad Hyder, Ghulam Raza, Salar Ali
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 4), 259-263, October 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


The present investigation was carried out to determine the effects of two very important parameters i.e. salinity and micro-algal diets on the growth and survival of Artemia sinica. The animal was obtained in encysted form from Bohai Bay P.R. China, after 14 days constantly cultured (rearing trial) in laboratory with five different salinities. At the end of trial (day 14) all the organisms preserved with drops of acetic acid and total length were measured drawing them from the head to the end of the telson with a dissection microscope equipped with a camera. After 14 days of treatment, organisms at 40g/L salinity having average growth length 3.57± 0.43mm were severely affected. All the organisms showed their lowest survival rates at salinity of 50g/L. Almost all animals showed the highest survival level at 90g/L of salinity (100%) with average growth length 6.75± 0.23mm. In the present experiment salinity was inversely proportional to survival. Besides, the present study was also focused to evaluate the food value of three microalgal species (Isochrysis galbana, Platymonas helgolandica and Pavlova viridis) in terms of growth and maturation of A. sinica under laboratory conditions.The highest survival rate (100%) was observed during the feeding trial of A. sinica with Isochrysis galbana. The next most important diet was Pavlova viridis. The feeding of Platymonas helgolandica to A. sinica was not successful during the trial period. So in the present experiment the order of survival of A. sinica against different algae diets was; I. galbana ˃P. viridis ˃P. helgolandica.


Abatzopoulos  TJ, Agh N, Stappen G Van, Rouhani Razavi SM, Sorgeloos P. 2006a. Artemia sites in Iran. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. United Kingdom. 86, 229-307.

Abatzopoulos TJ, Baxevanis AD, Triantaphyllidis GV, Criel G, Pador EL, G. Stappen V, Sorgeloos P. 2006b. Quality evaluation of Artemia urmiana Günther (Urmia Lake, Iran) with special emphasis on its particular cyst characteristics (International Study on Artemia, LXIX). Aquaculture 254, 442-454.

Abatzopoulos TJ, El-Bermawi N, Vasdekis C, Baxevanis AD, Sorgeloos P. 2003. Effects of salinity and temperature on reproductive and life span cha-racteristics of clonal Artemia (International study on Artemia, LXVI). Hydrobiologia 492, 191-199.

Agh N, Stappen G Van, Bossier G, Sepehri P, Lofti H., V. Rouhani RSM, Sorgeloos P. 2008. Effects of salinity on survival, growth, reproductive and life span characteristics of Artemia populations from Urmia Lake and neighboring lagoons. Pakistan Journal Biological Science 11, 164-172

Ali S, Liu G, Li Z, Xu D, Huang Y, Hongju C. 2014. Toxicity of Five Phenolic Compounds to the Brine Shrimp Artemia sinica (Crustacea: Artemiidae). Journal of Ocean University of China 3, 141-145

Baxevanis AD, El-Bermawi N, Abatzopoulos TJ, Sorgeloos P. 2004. Salinity effects on maturation, reproductive and life span characteristics of four Egyptian Artemia populations. Hydrobiologia 513, 87-100.

Browne RA, Bowen ST. 1991. Taxonomy and population genetics of Artemia, p. 221-235. In R.A. Browne, P. Sorgeloos & C.N.A. Trotman CNA (eds.). Artemia Biology. CRC Boca Raton, Florida, USA.

Browne RA, Wanigasekera G. 2000. Combined effects of salinity and temperature on survival and reproduction of five species of Artemia. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 244, 29-44.

Castro-Mejía1 J, Castro-Barrera1 T, Hernández-Hernández LH, Arredondo-Figueroa JL, Castro-Mejía1 G, Lara-Andrade1 R.de. 2011. Effects of salinity on growth and survival in five Artemia franciscana (Anostraca: Artemiidae) populations from Mexico Pacific Coast. Revista Biologia Tropica 59 (1), 199-206

Dhont, Sorgeloos P. 2002. Applications of Artemia. In: T. Abatzopoulos, J. Beardmore, J. Clegg, P. Sorgeloos (Eds.). Artemia: basic and applied biology. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

EI-Bermawi N, Baxevanis AD, Abatzopoulos TJ, Stappen GV, Sorgeloos P. 2004. Salinity effects on survival, growth and morphometry of four Egyptian Artemia populations (International Study on Artemia. LXVII). Hydrobiologia 523, 175—188.

Liu G, Xu D. 2010. Feeding, egg production and laboratory culture of Schmackeria poplesia Shen (Copepoda: Calanoida). Aquaculture Research, 41, 1817-1826

Post FJ, Youssef NN. 1977. A prokaryotick intracellular symbiont of the Great Salt Lake brine shrimp Artemia salina (L.). Canadian Journal of Microbiology 23, 1232-1236.

Sorgeloos P. 1980a. The use of the brine shrimp Artemia in aquaculture. In: Persoone G, Sorgeloos P, Roels O, Jaspers E, eds. The brine shrimp Artemia, Vol. 1-3. Universa Press, Wetteren, Belgium 25-46.

Stappen GV. 2002. Zoogeography. In: T. Abatzopoulos, J. Beardmore, J. Clegg, P. Sorgeloos (Eds.). Artemia: basic and applied biology. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Triantaphyllidis GV, Poulopoulou K, Abatzopoulos TJ, Pinto-Perez CA, Sorgeloos P. 1995. International study on Artemia XLIX. Salinity effects on survival, maturity, growth, biometrics, reproductive and lifespan characteristics of a bisexual and a parthenogenetic population of Artemia. Hydrobiologia 302, 215-227.

Tackaert W, Sorgeloos P. 1991. Biological management to improve Artemia and salt production at Tang Gu saltworks in the People’s Republic of China. 78-83. In : Proceedings of the International Symposium “Biotechnology of solar saltfields”, Tang Gu, PR China, September 17-21, 1990, Cheng, L. (Ed.), Salt Research Institute, Tanggu, Tianjin, PR China, 283 pp