Effect of seed priming on seed germination, emergence and seedling growth of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.)
Afzal IS, Basra MA, Iqbal A. 2005. The effects of seed soaking with plant growth regulators on seedling vigour of wheat under salinity stress. Journal of Stress Physiology and Biochemistry 1, 6-14.
Ajouri A, Haben A, Becker M. 2004. Seed priming enhances germination and seedling growth of barley under conditions of P and Zn deficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 167, 630-636.
Akpan-Idiok UA, Udo IA, Braide EI. 2012. The use of human urine as an organic fertilizer in the production of okra (Abelmoschusesculenta) in South Eastern Nigeria. Resource Conservation Recycling, 62, 14-20.
Anwar F, Rashid U, Ashraf M, Nadeem M. 2010. Okra (Hibiscus esculentus) seed oil for biodiesel production. Applications of Energy 87, 779-785.
Arif M, Kakar KM, Yunas M. 2003. Seed soaking enhances emergence of mungbean. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 19, 439-441.
Asgedom H, Becker M. 2001.Effects of seed priming with nutrient solutions on germination, seedling growth and weed competitiveness of cereals in Eritrea. In: Proc. Deutscher Tropentag, University of Bonn and ATSAF, Magrraf Publishers Press, Weickersheim p 282.
Ashraf M, Foolad MR. 2005. Pre-sowing seed treatment a shotgun approach to improve germination, plant growth, and crop yield under saline and non-saline conditions. Journal of Advance Agronomy 88, 223–271.
Ashraf M, Abu-Shakra S. 1978. Wheat seed germination under low temperature and moisture stress. Journal of Agronomy 70, 135 – 139.
Baque A, Nahar M, Yeasmin M, Quamruzzaman M, Rahman A, Azad MJ, Biswas PK. 2016. Germination behavior of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) as influenced by polyethylene glycol (PEG). Universal Journal of Agriculture and Research 4(3), 86-91.
Basra SMA, Zia MN, Mahmood T, Afzal I, Khaliq A. 2002. Comparison of different invigor‐ ation techniques in wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) seeds. Pakistan Journal of Arid Agriculture 5, 11-16.
Basra SMA, Ullah EE, Warriach A, Cheema MA, Afzal I. 2003. Effect of storage on growth and yield of primed canola seeds (Brassica napus). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 5, 117-120.
Basra SMA, Farooq M, Tabassum R. 2005. Physiological and biochemical aspects of seed vigor enhancement treatments in fine rice (Oryza sativa L.). Seed Science Technology 33, 623-628.
Bittencourt MLC, Dias DCFS, Dias LAS, Araujo EF. 2005. Germination and vigor of primed Asparagus seeds. Science Agriculture (62)4, 319-324.
Bray CM. 1995. Biochemical processes during osmo-priming of seeds, p. 767-789. In Seed development and germination. J. Kigel and G. Galili (eds.). Marcel Dekker, New York.
Capron I, Corbineua F, Dacher F, Job C, Come D, Job D. 2000. Sugar beet seed priming: Effects of priming conditions on germination, solubilization of 11-s globulin and accumulation of LEA proteins. Seed Science Research 10, 243-254.
Carceller MS, Soriano A. 1972. Effect of treatments given to grain, on the growth of wheat roots under drought conditions. Canadian Journal of Botany 50, 105-108.
Chiu KY, Chen CL, Sung JM. 2002. Effect of priming temperature on storability of primed sh-2 sweet corn seed. Crop Science 42, 1996-2003.
Demir I, Ermis S. 2003. Effect of controlled hydration treatment on germination and seedling growth under salt stress during development in tomato seeds. European Journal of Horticulture Science 68, 53–58.
diGiroiamo G, Barbanti G. 2012. Treatment conditions and biochemical process influencing seed priming effectiveness. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 7(e25), 178-188.
Elkoca E. 2014. Osmo- and hydropriming enhance germination rate and reduce thermal time requirement of pea (Pisumsativum L. cv. Winner) seeds. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi 3(1), 1-12.
Elkoca E, Haliloglu K, Esikten A, Ercisli S. 2007. Hydro- and osmopriming improve chickpea germination. ActaAgriculturaeScandinavica. Section B Soil and Plant Sciences 57, 193-200.
Faijunnahar M, Baque A, Habib A, Hossain HMMT. 2017. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Induced Changes in Germination, Seedling Growth and Water Relation Behavior of Wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) Genotypes. Universal Journal of Plant Science 5(4), 49-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.13189/ujps.2017.050402
Farooq M, Basra SMA, Wahid A, Ahmad N, Saleem BA. 2009. Induction of drought tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.) by exogenous application of salicylic acid. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 195, 237-246.
Fercha A, Capriotti AL, Caruso G, Cavaliere C, Gherroucha H, Samperi R, Stampa‐ chiacchierea S, Laganaa A. 2013. Gel-free proteomics reveal potential biomarkers of priming induced salt tolerance in durum wheat. Journal of Proteomics 91, 486-499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2013.08.010
Ghassemi -Golezani K, Chadordooz-Jeddi A, Nasrollahzadeh S, Moghaddam M. 2010. Effects of hydro-priming duration on seedling vigour and grain yield of pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj 38, 109-113.
Ghassemi -Golezani K, Sheikhzadeh-Mosaddegh P, Valizadeh M. 2008.Effects of hydro-priming duration and limited irrigation on field performance of chickpea. Research Journal of Seed Science 1, 34-40.
Goswami A, Banerjee R, Raha S. 2013. Drought resistance in rice seedlings conferred by seed priming: role of the anti-oxidant defense mechanisms. Protoplasma 250, 1115-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-013-0487-x
Harris D, Joshi A, Khan PA, Gothakar P, Sodhi PS. 1999. On-farm seed priming in semi-arid agriculture: Development and evaluation in corn, rice and Chickpea in India using participatory method. Exptert Agricultur 35, 15-29.
Hassanpouraghdam MB, Emarat PJ, Farsad AN. 2009. The effect of osmo-priming on germination and seedling growth of Brassica napus L. under salinity conditions. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 7(2), 620–622, 2009.
Hsu CC, Chen CL, Chen JJ, Sung JM. 2003. Accelerated aging-enhanced lipid peroxidation in bitter gourd seeds and effects of priming and hot water soaking treatments. Journal of Science and Horticulture 98, 201-212.
Jisha KC, Vijayakumari K, Puthur JT. 2013. Seed priming for abiotic stress tolerance: an overview. Acta Physiologia Plant 35(5), 1381-1396.
Kaur H, Chawlab N, Bassia G, Pathakb M. 2015. Effect of different seed priming treatments on germination of Okra (Abelmoschusesculentus L.). International Journal of Current Science 15, 51-58.
Kaya MD, Okçu G, Atak M, Çıkılı Y, Kolsarıcı Ö. 2006. Seed treatments to overcome salt and drought stress during germination in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). European Journal of Agronomy 24, 291-295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2005.08.001
Khan AA, Abawi GS, Maguire JD. 2006. Integrating matriconditioning and fungicidal treatment of table beet seed to improve stand establishment and yield. Crop Science 32, 231-237.
Lee SS, Kim JH. 2000. Total sugars, α-amylase activity and germination after priming of normal and aged rice seeds. Korean Journal of Crop Science 45, 108-111.
Maiti R, Rajkumar D, Jagan M, Pramanik K. 2013. Effect of seed priming on seedling vigor and yield of tomato and chilli. International Journal of Bio-research and Stress Management 4(2), 119-125.
Maiti RK, Vidyasagar P, Rajkumar D, Ramaswamy A, Rodriguez HG. 2011. Seed Priming improves seedling vigor and yield of few vegetable crops. International Journal of Bio-research and Stress Management 2(1), 125-130.
McDonald MB. 2000. Seed priming, Black, M., J. D. Bewley, (Eds.), Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis, Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, UK., p 287–325.
Mehra V, Tripathi J, Powell AA. 2003. Aerated hydration treatment improves the response of Brassica juncea and Brassica campestris seeds to stress during germination. Seed Science Technology, 31, 57-70.
Mohammadi G, Khah EM, Ghitouli M, Shirkhani A, Shabani G, Jabellou M. 2012. Improvement of Okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus L .) Hardseedness by Using Micro Elements Fertilizer. Annals of Biological Research 3, 2153–2161.
Moyin-Jesu EI. 2007. Use of plant residues for improving soil fertility, pod nutrients, root growth and pod weight of okra (Abelmoschus esculentum L). Bioresource Technology 98, 2057–2064.
Nascimento WM, West SH. 1998. Priming and Seed Orientation affect emergence and seed coat adherence and seedling development of muskmelon transplants. Horticulture Science 33, 847-848.
Omidi H, Khazaei F, HamziAlvanagh S, Heidari-Sharifabad H. 2009. Improvement of seed germination traits in canola (Brassica napus L.) as affected by saline and drought stresses. Plant Ecophysiology 3, 151-158.
Patade VY, Khatri D, Manoj K, Kumari M, Ahmed Z. 2012. Cold tolerance in thiourea primed capsicum seedlings is associated with transcript regulation of stress responsive genes. Molecular Biology Reports 39, 10603-10613.
Posmyk MM, Janas KM. 2007. Effects of seed hydropriming in presence of exogenous proline on chilling injury limitation in Vignaradiata L. seedlings.ActaPhysiologiaePlantarum 29, 509-517. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-007-0061-2
Powell AA, Yule LJ, Jingh HC, Groots PC. 2000. The influence of aerated hydration seed treatment on seed longevity as assessed by the viability equation. Journal of Experimental Botany, 51, 2031-2043.
Premsekhar M, Rajashree V. 2009. Influence of Organic Manures on Growth , Yield and Quality of Okra.American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 3, 6–8.
Rennick GA, Tiernan PI. 1978. Some effects of osmopriming on germination, growth and yield of celery (Apiumgraveolens). Seed Science Technology, 6, 695-700.
Rowse HR. 1995. Drum Priming- A non-osmotic method of priming seeds. Seed Science Technology, 24, 281-294.
Ruan S, Xue Q, Tylkowska K. 2002. The influence of priming on germination of rice Oryza sativa L. seeds and seedling emergence and performance in flooded soil. Seed Science Technology 30, 61–67.
Sadeghi H, Khazaei F, Yari L, Sheidaei S. 2011. ffect of seed osmopriming on seed germination behavior and vigor of soybean (Glycine max L.). Journal of Agricultural Biological Science, 6(1), 39-43.
Sarwar N, Yousaf S, Jamil F. 2006. Induction of salt tolerance in chickpea by using simple and safe chemicals. Pakistan Journal of Botany 38(2), 325-329.
Shahid R, Amjad M, Ziaf M, Jahangir M, Iqbal SA, Nawaz A. 2013. Growth, yield and seed production of okra as influenced by different growth regulators. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science, 50, 387–392.
Sharma AD, Rathore SVS, Srinivasan K, Tyagi RK. 2014. Comparison of various seed priming methods for seed germination, seedling vigour and fruit yield in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench). Science Horticulture, (Amsterdam) 165, 75–81.
Sharma RK, Prasad K. 2010. Classification of promising okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus ) genotypes based on principal component analysis. Journal of Tropical Agricultural Food Science 38, 161–169.
Snedecor GW, Cochran WG. 1980. Statistical methods. 7th edition, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.
Srivastava AK, Lokhande VH, Patade VY, Suprasanna P, Sjahril R, D’Souza SF. 2010. Comparative evaluation of hydro-, chemo-, and hormonal priming methods for imparting salt and PEG stress tolerance in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 32, 1135-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-010-0505-y
Wahid A, Noreen A, Basra SMA, Gelani S, Farooq M. 2008. Priming-induced metabolic changes in sunflower (Helianthus annuus) achenes improve germination and seedling growth. Botanical Studies, 49, 34-43.
Wang HY, Chen CL, Sung JM. 2003. Both warm water soaking and solid priming treatments enhance anti-oxidation of bitter gourd seeds germinated at sub-optimal temperature. Journal of Seed Science and Technology 31, 47-56, 2003.
Yagmur M, Kaydan D. 2008. Alleviation of osmotic stress of water and salt in germination and seedling growth of triticale with seed priming treatments. African Journal of Biotechnology 7, 2156–2162.