Effect of seed rate on the yield and yield components of Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.)

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Effect of seed rate on the yield and yield components of Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.)

Anees-ul-Hussnain Shah, Muhammad Shakeel Hanif, Muhammad Riaz Gondal, Muhammad Saleem Akhtar, Muhammad Adnan, Abdul Basit, Sikander Hayat, Abdul Jabbar, Asim Pervez, Ahmad Hussain, Muhammad Shoaib Farooq, Abdul Razzaq, Aftab Ahmad Khan
Int. J. Biosci.16( 5), 302-309, May 2020.
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Berseem is chief leguminous forage crop of Pakistan. Fodders are the best source of nutrition for animals. However, production of berseem is low due to inadequate seed rate. So, an experiment was designed to study the effect of seed rate on yield and yield components of berseem. The study was conducted at Fodder Research Institute, Sargodha, Punjab-Pakistan during 2015-16 and 2016-17. Different seed rates were used 10, 12.5, 15, 17.5, 20, 22.5, 25 kg ha-1. The data related to plant height (cm), no. of capsule m-2, no. of seedcapsule-1, seed yield kg ha-1, 1000 grain weight (grams) were taken at harvest. Significant differences were noted in all the parameters under study. Results indicated that 10 kg ha-1 has the highest potential to achieve maximum plant height (84.50 cm), no. of capsule (470 m-2), no. of seedcapsule-1 (55.00), 1000 grain weight (898.33g) and seed yield (2.8 kg ha-1 under agro-climatic conditions of Sargodha.


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