Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2015

| Download 2

Effect of slow-release nitrogen fertilizer on morphologic traits of corn (Zea mays L.)

M. Tajik Khaveh, I. Alahdadi, B. Ebrahimi Hoseinzadeh

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(2), 546-559, February 2015


JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


Nitrogen is one of the main elements required for plant growth. Loss of 30-50% of N fertilizers is a frequently debated problem. However, this problem can be mitigated to some extent by application of slow-release fertilizers. Therefore, to investigate the effects of Nano polymer-trapped N fertilizers on morphologic traits of corn, polymer-trapped fertilizer was produced in laboratory. Then, in order to investigate the effects of synthesized fertilizers on morphological traits of corn, an experiment was carried out in a randomized complete blocks design with three replications. The treatments included non-trapped urea fertilizer (Control) and urea fertilizer trapped with nine different ratios of Nano structured polymers such as polyacrylonitrile and cellulose acetate. The results showed that polymer trapping of urea fertilizers led to improvement in morphological traits such as stem diameter, plant height, corn length, diameter and weight of corn stock, number of kernels per ear, seed weight in corn, 1000- seed weight, biologic yield, seed yield, and harvest index. The maximum rate of most traits under investigation was obtained in P1315 treatment. Therefore, due to its slow and long release of nitrogen, porous polymeric nanostructured fertilizer containing Urea provides adequate amounts of nitrogen during corn plant’s growth process.


Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of slow-release nitrogen fertilizer on morphologic traits of corn (Zea mays L.)

Akhlaghi K. 2008. Formulation and Manufacture of Suitable Sealants for Use in the Process of Producing Sulfur-coated Urea Fertilizer. The First Petrochemical Conference in Iran.

Akmal M, Rehman H, Farhatullah MA, Akbar H. 2010. Response of maize varieties to nitrogen application for leaf area profile, crop growth, yield and yield components.Pak. J. Bot 42, 1941-1947.

Allemann E, Gurny R, Doelker E. 1993. Drug loaded nanoparticles preparation, methods and drug targeting issues. Eur J Pharm Biopharm 39, 173–91.

Amans E, Slangen J. 1994. The effect of controlled-release fertilizer„ Osmocote‟ on growth, yield and composition of onion plants. Fertilizer research 37, 79-84.

Amany AB, Zeidan M, Hozayn M. 2006. Yield and quality of maize (Zea mays L.) as affected by slow-release nitrogen in newly reclaimed sandy soil. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science 1, 239-242.

Anton N, Benoit JP, Saulnier P, 2008. Design and production of nanoparticles formulated from nano-emulsion templates—a review. J Control Release 128, 185–99.

Below FE. 2002. Nitrogen metabolism and crop productivity. InPessarakli eds. Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology.Second edition. New York. Marcel Dekker Inc 385-406.

Bundy LG. 1986. Review-Timing nitrogen applications to maximize fertilizer efficiency and crop response in conventional corn production. J. Fert. Issues 3, 99-106.

Chinnamuthu C, Boopathi PM. 2009. Nanotechnology and agroecosystem. Madras Agricultural Journal 96, 17-31.

Chun L, Chen F, Zhang F, Mi, GH. 2005. Root growth, nitrogenuptake and yield formation of hybrid maize with dif-ferent Nefficiency. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science 11, 615-619.

Costa C, Dwyer LM, Stewart DW, Smith DL, 2002. Nitrogen effectson grain yield and yield components of leafy and nonleafy maizegenotypes. Crop Sci 42, 1556–1563.

Cox WJ, Cherney DJ. 2001. Row spacing, plant density, and nitrogen effects on corn silage. Agronomy Journal 93, 597-602.

Cui HF, Ye JS, Liu X, Zhang WD, Sheu FS. 2006. Pt–Pb alloy nanoparticle/carbon nanotube nanocomposite: a strong electrocatalyst for glucose oxidation. Nanotechnology 17, 23-34.

Dahmardeh M. 2011. Effect of plant density and nitrogen rate on PAR absorption and maize yield. Am. J. Plant Physiol 6(1), 44-49.

Effa E, Uwah D, Iwo G, Obok E, Ukoha G. 2012. Yield performance of popcorn (Zea mays L. everta) under lime and nitrogen fertilization on an acid soil. Journal of Agricultural Science 4, 12-21.

Fageria NK, Baligar VC. 2005. Enhancing nitrogen use efficiency in crop plants. Advances in Agronomy 88, 97-185.

Fageria NK, Baligar VC, Clark RB. 2006. Physiology of Crop Production. New York: The Haworth Press.

Fujita T, Maeda S, Shibata M, Takahashi C. 1990. Research and development of coated fertilizer. In: Proceedings: Fertilizer, Present and Future. Symposium Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition.

Fujita T, Maeda S, Shibata M, Takahashi C. 1989. Research and development of coated fertilizers. In: Proceedings: Fertilizer, Present and Future. Symposium Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition.

Fujita T, Shoji S. 1999. Kinds and properties of Meister fertilizers. In: Meister controlled release fertilizer – Properties and Utilization. Shoji, S. (ed). Konno Printing Company Ltd. Sendai, Japan 13-34.

Ghadiri H, Majidian M. 2003. The Effect of N level and Irrigation cut in milky and doughing stages of plant on yield, and efficiency of water consumption in granular maize (Zea mays L). Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources 2, 103-113.

Goertz HM. 1993. Controlled release technology. pp. 251-274, in: Kirk-Othmer, Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Vol. 7, 4th ed, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Hammad HM, Ahmad A, Wajid A, Akhter J. 2011. Maize response to time and rate of nitrogen application. Pak. J. Bot 43, 1935-1942.

Han X, Chen S, Hu X. 2009. Controlled-release fertilizer encapsulated by starch/polyvinyl alcohol coating. Desalination 24, 75-79.

Hanafi M, Eltaib S, Ahmad M, Syed Omar S. 2002. Evaluation of controlled-release compound fertilizers in soil. Communications in soil science and plant analysis 33, 1139-1156.

Haseeb-ur R, Ali A, Muhammad W, Tanveer A, Tahir M, Nadeem M, Zamir M. 2010. Impact of Nitrogen Application on Growth and Yield of Maize (Zea mays L.)Grown Alone and in Combination with Cowpea (Vignaunguiculata L.). American-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci 7, 43-47.

Hasegawa T, Sawano S, Goto S, Konghakote P, Polthanee A, Ishigooka Y, Kuwagata T, Toritani H, Furuya J. 2008. A model driven by crop water use and nitrogen supply for simulating changes in the regional yield of rain-fed lowland rice in Northeast Thailand. Paddy and Water Environment 6, 73-82.

Jones CA. 1985. C4 grasses and cereals: growth, development, and stress response. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

KafiGhasemi A, Esfahani M. 2005. A Survey of the Effect of the level of N fertilizer on granular seed yield in Gilan. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 12th year, No. 5.

Liu XM, Feng ZB, Zhang FD, Zhang SQ, He XS. 2006. Preparation and testing of cementing and coating nano-subnanocomposites of slow/controlled-release fertilizer. Agricultural Sciences in China,5, 700-706.

Mongillo J. 2007. Nanotechnology 101.Greenwood PRESS. London, 1-9.

Onasanya R, Aiyelari O, Onasanya A, Oikeh S, Nwilene F, Oyelakin O. 2009. Growth and yield response of maize (Zea mays L.) to different rates of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers in southern Nigeria. World J. Agric. Sci 5, 400-407.

Paramasivam S, Alva A. 1997. Nitrogen Recovery From Controlled-Release Fertilizers Under Intermittent Leaching and Dry Cycles1. Soil science 162, 447-453.

Persad-Chinnery S, Chinnery LE. 1995. The significance of natural symbionts in agroecosystems. Page 209 in: Proceedings of the Caribbean Food Crops Society: Annual Meeting. Caribbean Food Crops Society.

Pursell Inc. 1992. Coating Thickness Effects. Nutrient Release and Nutrient Analysis .Pursell Industries, Inc., Sylacauga, Alabama, USA.

Pursell Inc. 1994.Temperature Effect on Release of Polyon PCU. Pursell Industries, Inc., Sylacauga, Alabama, USA.

Rajcan I, Swanton CJ. 2001. Understanding maize-weed competition: resource competition, light quality and the whole plant. Field Crop Res 71, 139-150.

Rambo L, Ma BL, Xiong Y, Regis Ferreira da Silvia P. 2010. Leaf and canopy optical characteristics as crop N status indicators for field nitrogen management in corn. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 173, 434-443.

Raun WR, Johnson GV. 1999. Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency for Cereal Production Agronomy Journal 91, 357–363.

Reed A, Singletary G, Schussler J, Williamson D, Christy A. 1988. Shading effects on dry matter and nitrogen partitioning, kernel number, and yield of maize. Crop Science 28, 819-825.

Sajedi N, Madani AH, Naderi A. 2005. The Effect of Micronutrients and Selenium on Superoxide Dismutase Enzyme, Malondialdehyde Activity, and Corn Yield (Zea mays L.) under dry condition. The Journal of Modern Agriculture 4(3), 362- 374.

Shahid MR. 2012. Effects of nitrogen fertilization rate and harvest time on maize (Zea mays L.) fodder yield and its quality attributes.

Shanti K, RAO VP, Reddy MR, Reddy MS, Sarma P. 1997. Response of maize (Zea mays) hybrid and composite to different levels of nitrogen. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 67, 424-425.

Shaviv A. 2005. Controlled Release Fertilizers. IFA International Workshop on Enhanced-Efficiency Fertilizers, Frankfurt. International Fertilizer Industry Association Paris, France.

Suput M, Dordevic V, Nedic M. 1979. Effect of increased on some properties of the ear and grain of maize. In field crop abstracts, 34(2), 124-125.

Tisdale SL, Nelson WL. 1975. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. (3rded). Macmillan Pub.Co. New York.

Tollenaarm M, Dwyer LM. 1999. Physiology of maize In: D.L. Smith, C. Hamel (Eds.), Crop yield, physiology and processes. Springer Verlag, Berlin.

Tollenaarm M, Nissanka SP, Aguilera A, Weise SF, Swanton CJ. 1994. Effect of weed interference and soil nitrogen on four maize hybrids. Agron. J 86, 596-601.

Vanderhoff  JW,  El  Aasser  MS,  Ugelstad  J. 1979. Polymer emulsification process. US Patent 4, 177-187.

Vetsch JA, Randall GW. 2004. Corn production as affected by nitrogen application timing and tillage. Agron. J 96, 502-509.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background