Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2016

VIEWS 2
| Download

Effect of temperature on the biology of Harmonia dimidiata FAB. (Coleoptera: coccinellidae) reared on scizaphus graminum (ROND.) aphid

Javed Khan, Ehsan ul Haq, Abdul Rehman

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.8(2), 1-8, February 2016

Certification:

JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The influence of five constant temperatures (16±1°C, 20±1°C, 24±1°C, 28 ±1°C and 32 ±1°C) on the biology and prey consumption of larvae, adult male and female beetles of the ladybeetle, Harmonia dimidiata (Fab.), (Coccinellidae: Coleoptera), feeding on Schizaphus graminum aphid was investigated. There was significant effect of temperature on the biology and prey consumption potential of immature and adult stages of H. dimidiata. The result revealed that incubation period, different larval instars duration, pupal and adult male and female beetles duration was maximum at the low temperature 16 ± 1˚C and minimum at the high temperature 32 ± 1˚C. The survival rate and predatory potential of all stages was maximum at 24 ± 1 ˚C. The female fecundity was maximum 686.75±18.277 eggs per female at 24 ± 1˚C and minimum 223.75±4.3279t 28 ± 1˚C. The results further revealed that at 32± 1˚C the female could not produce eggs. The result indicates that temperature have profound effect on the developmental durations, survival, fecundity and predatory potential of Harmonia dimidiata. The optimum rearing temperature for this predator was found to be 24 ±1°C on the basis of their short durations, maximum survival and high reproductive and predatory potential of H. dimidiata (Fab.). These attributes may take it a useful natural enemy for the purpose of biological control program against aphid pests of economic importance.

VIEWS 2

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of temperature on the biology of Harmonia dimidiata FAB. (Coleoptera: coccinellidae) reared on scizaphus graminum (ROND.) aphid

Agarwala Bk, Singh TK, Lokeshwari RK, Sharmila M. 2009. Functional response and reproductive of the aphidophagous ladybird beetles, Harmonia dimidiata (Fab.) in Oak tress of sericulture importance. J. Asia-pacific. Entomology 12, 179-182.

Ahmad F, Nasir S. 2001. Varietal resistance of wheat germplasm against wheat aphid (Sitobion avenae F.). Pakistan Entomol. 23, 5–7.

Aksit A, Cakmak I, Ozer G. 2007. Effect of temperature and photoperiod on development and fecundity of an Acarophagous Ladybird beetle, Stethorus gilvifrons. J. Phytoparasitica 35, 357-366.

Ali A, Rizvi PQ. 2009. Life table studies of Menochilus sexmaculatus Fabr. (Coleoptera Coccinellidae) at varying temperature on Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. World Applied Science Journal 7, 897-901.

Asrar A, Haq E, Khan J, Gillani WA, Rehman A, Mahmood T, Javed HI, Rasool A. 2013. Effect of three constant temperatures on the biology and predatory potential of Menochilus sexmaculatus (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) feeding on Schizaphis graminum aphid. Pak. Entomol. 35, 95-98.

Bakr RF, Gesraha AI, Genidy AM, Farag NA, Elbehery Hoda HA. 2009. Food consumption of the coccinellid predator, Stethorus punctillum reared on the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae under different constant temperatures. Egypt. Acad. J. biolog. Sci. 2, 17 – 22.

Bianchi JJ, Felix A, Werf W. 2004. Model evaluation of the function of prey in non-crop habitats for biological control of lady beetles in agricultural landscapes. Ecol. Modeling 171, 177-193.

Birch LC. 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. J. of Anim. Ecol. 17, 15-26.

Bowling RW, Wlide GE, Margolies D. 1998. Relative fitness of greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) biotypes E and I on Sorghum, Wheat, Rye and Barley. J. Econ. Entomol. 91, 1219–23.

Brown MW. 2004. Role of aphid predator guild in controlling aphid population on apple in W.Virginia, USA. J. Biol. Cont. 29, 189-198.

Castro CF, Almeida LM, Penteado SR. 2011. The impact of temperature on the biological aspects and life table of Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). J. Florida Entomologist 94, 923-932.

Gillani WA, Matin WA, Raffi MA. 2007. Bionomics of tropical Coccinellid beetle Harmonia (Lies) dimidiata: (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) under laboratory conditions. Pak. Journal of Agri. Res. 20, 79-83.

Hemchandra OB, Sarmah T, Zamal AP, Kalita J. 2010. Affect of temperature on age specific fecundity of the ladybird beetle Micraspis discolor (Fab.). J. life sciences 2, 523-528.

Jih ZY, Chi H, Chen BH. 2013. Comparison of the life tables and predation rates of Harmonia dimidiata (F.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) fed on Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) at different temperatures. J. Biological Control 64, 1-9.

Kuznetsov VN, Hong P. 2002. Employment of Chinese Coccinellids in biological control of aphids in green house. J. Far East. Ento. 119, 1-5.

Raffi MA,  Irshad  M,  Inayatullah  M.  2005. Predatory lady bird beetles of Pakistan. PARC. public. book 51 p.

Semyanov VP. 1999. Biology of Coccinellids (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) in South east Asia.1. Leis. dimidiata (Fabr). J. Ento. Rev. 78, 537-544.

Stathas GJ, Kontodimas D, Karamaouna F, Kampouris S. 2011. Thermal requirements and effect of temperature and prey on the development of the predator Harmonia axyridis. Environmental Entomology 40, 1541-1545.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background