Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Effect of temperature, rainfall and relative humidity on seasonal incidence of major rice insect pests

Research Paper | December 1, 2020

| Download 12

Md. Niaz Morshed, Md. Eftekhar Uddin, Md Hasibur Rahaman Hera, Naznin Sultana

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.17( 6), 92-102, December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.6.92-102


IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]


An experiment was carried out under field conditions at the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Regional station Sonagazi, Feni, to determine the effect of abiotic factors on the seasonal incidence of major rice insect population at the south-east coastal region of Bangladesh during T. Aman, 2019. Insects were collected from the experimental plot by using the sweep net method and weather data was recorded simultaneously from the meteorological observatory. The highest percent of dead hearts (10.51) and white heads (9.38) occurred during the 2nd week of October and the 1st week of November, respectively. The correlation studies with abiotic factors revealed that temperature and rainfall showed a negatively significant impact on the population of S. incertulas (white heads) but rainfall showed a positive non-significant impact on the dead heart. Temperature and relative humidity both showed a negatively non-significant impact on dead hearts and white heads respectively but relative humidity showed a positive significant impact on dead hearts. Leaf folder infestation attained its peak during the 2nd fortnight of October and didn’t get significantly affected by rainfall, relative humidity annd temperature. Green leaf hopper attained peak population during October-November. GLH showed a negatively significant correlation with minimum temperature, while it was not significantly affected by other weather parameters viz, maximum and average temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. Rice bugs have a negative non-significant effect with relative humidity and temperature but a negatively significant effect with rainfall. These findings will be helpful for proper and timely management of the major rice insect pests in the south-east coastal region of Bangladesh.


Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of temperature, rainfall and relative humidity on seasonal incidence of major rice insect pests

Ahmed H, Khan RB, Sharma D, Singh JVV, Saurav G. 2010. Seasonal incidence, infestation and trap catch of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee) in rice. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 18(2), 80-383.

Anuj B, Saxena RR. 1999. Environmental correlations of population buildup of rice insect pests through light trap catches. Oryza 36(3), 241-245.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2019. Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh: Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2018. Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh: Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2012. Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh: Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2009. Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh: Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning.

Begum MA, Ahmed N, Haq M. 2014. Abundance and species composition of rice green leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadelladae) in different ecosystems. International Journal of Biosciences 4(6), 74-79.

Bhumireddy S, Simon S, Nagar S. 2018. Seasonal incidence of rice leaf folder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guen) in Allahabad region. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7(4), 2528-2530.

Catling HD, Islam Z, Pattrasudhi R. 1987. Assessing yield losses in deep water due to yellow stem borer, S. incettulas in Bangladesh and Thailand. Crop Protection Journal 6, 20-27.

Chang TT. 1976. The origin, evolution, cultivation, dissemination and diversification of Asian and African rices. Euphytica 25, 435-444.

Dhaliwal GS, Shahi SN, Gill PS, Maskina MS. 1979. Field reaction rice variety to leaf folder at various nitrogen levels. International Rice Research Newsletter 4, 7.

Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE). 2019-20. Weekly crop production report.

FAO. 2004. The State of Food Security in the World, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome, Italy 30-31.

FAO. 2012. The State of Food Security in the World, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome, Italy.

Gangwar RK. 2015. Life Cycle and Abundance of Rice Leaf Folder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee) – A Review. Journal of Natural Sciences Research 5(15).

Girish VP, Hegde M, Hanamaratti NG, Balikai RA. 2012. Population dynamics of leafhopper, grasshopper, horned caterpillar and ear head bugs under different planting methods of rice ecosystem. Journal of Experimental Zoology 15(2), 451-454.

Hashim NA, Aziz MA, Basari N, Saad K, Jasmi AH, Hamid SA. 2017. Diversity and guild structure of insects during rice flowering stage at a selected rice field in penang, malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology Journal 46(3), 161-169.

Hassan ASMR, Bakshi K. 2005. Pest management, productivity and environment: a comparative study of IPM and conventional farmers of Northern Districts of Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences 3, 1007-1014.

Heinrichs EA, Sexena RC, Chelliah S. 1979. Development and implementation of insect pest’s management systems for rice in tropical Asia. ASPAC Bulletin 127. Taiwan: Food and fertilizer technology center.

Hosamani V, Pradeep S, Sridhara S, Kalleshwaraswamy CM. 2009. Biological studies on Paddy Earhead bug, Leptocorisa oratorius Fabricius (Hemiptera: Alydidae). Academic Journal of Entomology 2(2), 52-55.

International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). 2013. World Rice Statistics. Los Banos, the Philippines.

Jahn GC, Domingo I, Liberty M, Almazan P, Pacia J. 2004. Effect of Rice Bug Leptocorisa oratorius (Hemiptera: Alydidae) on Rice Yield, Grain Quality, and Seed Viability. Journal of Economic Entomology 97(6), 1923-1927.

Justin, Preetha G. 2013. Seasonal incidence of rice yellow stem borer, S. incertulas (Walker) in Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Entomology 75(2), 109-112.

Kalita H, Avasthe RK, Ramesh K. 2015. Effect of weather parameters on population buildup of different insect pests of rice and their natural enemies. Indian Journal of Hill Farming 28, 69-72.

Karthikeyan K, Purushothaman SM. 2000. Efficacy of carbosulfan against rice stem borer, Scipaphoga incertulas walker (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera). Indian Journal of Plant Protection 28, 212-214.

Kellogg EA. 2001. Evolutionary history of grasses. Plant Physiol 125, 1198-1205.

Khan ZH, Ramamurthy VV. 2004. Influence of weather factors on the activity of rice leaf folder, cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee), Annals of plant protection scienc 12(2), 263-266.

Khush GS. 1997. Origin, dispersal, cultivation and variation of rice. Plant Molecular Biology 35, 25-34.

Khush GS, Brar DS. 2000. Biotechnology for rice breeding: progress and potential impact. In: Proc. 20th Session of the Int. Rice Commission: Thailand: Bangkok. 23rd-26th July.

Kulgagod SD, Hegade M, Nayak GV, Vastrad AS, Hugar PS, Basavanaguad K. 2011. Evaluation of insecticide and bio rational against yellow stem borer and leaf folder in rice crop. Karnataka journal of Agricultural Science 24(2), 244-246.

Litsinger JA, Canapi BL, Bandong JP, Cruz CGD. 1987. Rice crop loss from insect pests in wetland and dryland environments of asia with emphasis on the Philippines. Insect Science and Its Application 8, 677-692.

Leo JCG, Preetha GS. 2013. easonal incidence of rice yellow stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas (walker) inTamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Entomology 75, 109-112.

Mathur KC, Reddy PR, Rajamali S, Moorthy BTS. 1999. Integrated pest management of rice to improve productivity and sustainability. Oryza 36(3), 195-207.

Manikanda N, Kennedy JS, Gutthalakshmi V. Effect of elevated temperature on life history parameters of rice yellow stem borer (Scirpophaga incertulas walker). Current science 110(5), 851-854.

Muralidharan K, Pasalu IC. 2005. Assessments of crop losses in rice ecosystems due to stem borerdamage (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Crop Protection 25, 409-417.

Nanda UK, Mahapatro GK, Sahoo A, Mahapatro SC. 2000. Rice leaf folder: Integrated neem derivatives in its management. Pestology 24, 31-34.

Nanda VK, Bisoi RC. 1990. Bionomics of rice L7 C.M. Orissa Journal of agricultural research 3(2), 130-135.

Nasiruddin M, Roy RC. 2012. Rice Field Insect Pests during the Rice Growing Seasons in Two Areas of Hathazari, Chittagong Bangladesh. Journal of Zoology 40(1), 89-100.

Pujari D, Bora DK, Saurabh Sarma. 2007. Seasonal incidences of rice stem borers in Assam. Insect Env 13(3), 99-101.

Pasulu IC, Krishinath NV, Kotti G, Varma NGR. 2002. IPM in rice Mitr. p 45-55.

Patel HN, Kadu RV, Landge SA. 2011. Study on seasonal incidence of rice leaf folders
(Cnaphalocrocis medinalis Guen. and Pelopidas mathias Fb.) of paddy and its correlation with weather parameters. International journal of plant protection 4(1), 175-180.

Pathok MD. 1977. Defense of the rice against insect pests. Ann. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 287-295.

Parvin. 2010. Rice farmer’s knowledge about the effects of pesticides on environmental pollution in Bangladesh. Bangladesh research publications journal 1214-1227.

Pawan K, Singh R, Pandey SK. 1996. Population dynamics of rice leaf folder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee) in relation to stage of the crop, weather parameters and predatory mites. Journal of Entomological Research 20(3), 205-210.

Prashad K. 2003. Survey on the incidence of pests of rice imderrainfed low land ecosystem. Karnataka. Agrie 6(3), 460-466.

Rai AB, Singh J, Rai L. 1990. Rice bug (Leptocorisa varicornis Fabr.) appearance on light trap in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. Oryza 27(1), 66-72.

Ragini JC, Thangaraju D, David PMM. 2000. Relative abundance of rice stem borer species in Tamil nadu. Madras Agricultural Journal Publications 87(4-6), 228-234.

Savary S, Willocquet L, Elazegui FA, Castilla N, Teng PS. 2000. Rice pest constraints in tropical Asia: quantification of yield losses due to rice pests in a range of production situations. Plant Dis 84, 357-369.

Singh S, Singh BK. 2017. Survey and fortnightly observation to find out major insect pests of rice crop (Oryza sativa) in Patna district of Bihar. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(1), 766-769.

Shah S, Ali M, Rehman UH, Rehman A, Abbasi FM, Khalil IH, Ali A. 2008. Characterization of wild rice species in response to leaf folder (C. madenalis). Sarah Jane Pogue Agriculture 24(1), 69-74.

Shamim M, Shekh AM, Patel VJ, Dodia JF, Korat DM, Mehta AM. 2009. Effect of weather parameters on population dynamics of green leaf hopper and white backed plant hopper in paddy grown in middle Gujarat region. Journal of Agrometeorology 11(2), 172-174.

Sharma KR, Raju SVS, Roshan DR, Jaiswal 2018. Effect of abiotic factors on yellow stem borer, scirpophaga incertulas (walker) and rice leaf folder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (guenee) population. Journal of Experimental Zoology India 21(1), 233-236.

Sharma MK, Pandey V, Singh RS, Singh RA. 2004. A study on light trap catches of some rice pests in relation to meteorological factors. Ethiopian Journal of Science 27(2), 165-170.

Sulagitti A, Raghuraman M, Reddy MSS, Sathua SK. 2017. Seasonal variation in major insect pest’s incidence on rice and impact of various abiotic factors on their incidence under Varanasi conditions. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(3), 1060-1063.

Vaughan D. 1989. The genus Oryza L.: Current status of taxonomy. IRRI Paper Series. International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines 138, 21.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2020. World Agricultural Production 28.