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Effect of Terminalia catappa Leaf Extract Enhanced Diet on the Growth and Survival of Freshwater Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man, 1879)

Gesila Grace P. Pañares

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Int. J. Biosci.20(6), 83-87, June 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.6.83-87

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Abstract

Aquaculture practices strive to advance human lives and provide more affordable resources for profitable production. Terminalia catappa has been reported to be nutrient-rich feedstuff for livestock; however, information on its potential as a feed enhancer is very limited in aquaculture. Thus, the efficacy of Terminalia catappa leaf (TCL) extracts as feed enhancers in the diet of Freshwater Prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) with 1.4 grams average body weight at stocking was evaluated over a period of the 60-day rearing period. Four (4) concentrations for the experimental diets: T0 – Control Diet, T1 – 5%, T2 – 10% and T3 – 20%, were formulated and replicated thrice. Mean Weight gain (MWG), Specific Growth Rate (SGR), Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) and Survival Rate (SR) were measured. Data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance at P = 0.05. Results showed that the Freshwater Prawns fed with  10 percent TCL extract enhanced diets had higher values in MWG, SGR, FCR, and SR and they were significantly different (p<0.05) in terms of growth in weight and survival rate compared to those in the control diet. The results suggest that the inclusion of 10 percent TCL extract in the diets could positively affect the growth of Freshwater Prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) post larvae and can be incorporated into commercial feeds for better growth and survival.

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Effect of Terminalia catappa Leaf Extract Enhanced Diet on the Growth and Survival of Freshwater Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man, 1879)

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