Effect of time, method of budding and type of scion on bud take of sour cherry scions onto mahaleb rootstocks

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Research Paper 01/04/2015
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Effect of time, method of budding and type of scion on bud take of sour cherry scions onto mahaleb rootstocks

Maryam Vatankhah, Mehrdad Jafarpour, Majid Shams
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.6( 4), 233-239, April 2015.
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Amongst methods for asexual propagation of sour cherry, budding is the most common procedure. Budding is performed onto compatible rootstocks. In order to determine the most appropriate time and method of budding to achieve the maximum bud take (compatibility) success, this study was conducted in a private nursery located in Marbin, close to the Isfahan city. The two Guissi and Hungry cultivars were employed as scion and the Mahaleb seeding was used as rootstock. Treatments included two different scions (Guissi and Hungry sour cherries), two different times (August and early march) and three budding methods (T- budding, chip budding and T- without budding). This research was conducted in August 2013 as an experimental project of split- split plot in the framework of complete random blocks with three replications. Results of the study revealed that in both Guissi and Hungry scions, the chip budding in August had the maximum effect on such characteristics as growth bud length, number of leaves, number of lateral shoots and percentage of bud take. In the chip budding, since compared with other types of budding callus tissue was formed sooner and a strong connection was established between the scion and the rootstock, the buds developed sooner. As a result, compared with other budding types water and nutrients were absorbed more rapidly. Results of this research revealed that in both Guissi and Hungry sour cherry scions, the most appropriate time for budding is in August and the best method is chip budding on Mahaleb rootstocks.


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