Effect of tobacco curing process toward environmental degradation in Urambo district

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Research Paper 01/01/2021
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Effect of tobacco curing process toward environmental degradation in Urambo district

Domitius Katatwile, Janeth Marwa, Kelvin Mark Mtei
J. Bio. Env. Sci.18( 1), 88-95, January 2021.
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This study assessed the effect of deforestation and atmospheric carbon dioxide accumulation caused by tobacco curing process in 2018/2019 season. The objective was achieved through structured questionnaire and close monitoring of Specific Fuel Consumption (SFC). Structured questionnaires were administered to 892 tobacco farmers from nine Primary Tobacco Farmer Cooperatives in Urambo district. Analysis of structured questionnaire was done using IBM SPSS version 21 using the descriptive statistics. In additional SFC data were employed to estimate annual woodland area cleared, carbon emission and carbon dioxide hindered from sequestration. The results showed that 94% of all tobacco farmers harvested wood fuel from forest wood land. This caused tobacco related deforestation of 6355.47 ha in 2018/2019 that hindered 63554.73 tons of atmospheric carbon dioxide from sequestration. Also, the emission of 33366.24 tons of carbon dioxide was recorded during the curing process. It is evident that increased tobacco production lead to increased demand for wood fuel which positively contribute to deforestation and increased atmospheric carbon dioxide.


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