Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Effect of various levels of NP fertilizers on Maize (Zea mays L.) under different moisture conditions

Research Paper | April 1, 2016

| Download 4

Babar Hussain, Khadim Dawar, Ikramullah Khan, Aqleem Abbas

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.8( 4), 54-66, April 2016


IJAAR 2016 [Generate Certificate]


The present study was conducted in the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan research farm to investigate the effectiveness of various levels of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) fertilizers and irrigation (I) on growth and yield components of maize crop (Zea mays L.) as well as total P and N. The experiment was laid out in Split block design replicated three times. The experiment comprised of two main plots where two levels of irrigations were applied i.e. irrigation at the same day of sowing field capacity (FC) 50-60 % (I1) and irrigations after five days of sowing (FC) 20- 30 % (I2). While in the subplots Nitrogen (N) using urea and Phosphorus (P2O5) using single super phosphate were applied in the following combination i.e. 0:0, 50:0, 50:60, 50:90, 100:0, 100:60, 100:90, 150:0, 150:60, 150:90. The results showed that the treatments combinations N3P3, I1N3 and I1P3 yielded maximum plant height, weight of grains ear-1, and grain yield. The total P and N concentration in plant leaves were also highest at the interactions N3P3, I1N3, and I1P3. It is concluded that application of irrigation on same day after NP fertilizers 150 and 90 kg ha-1 is much better than other treatments. These results suggest that irrigation move added urea and SSP from the surface layer to sub soil layers where it is likely to make good contact with plant roots.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of various levels of NP fertilizers on Maize (Zea mays L.) under different moisture conditions

Abdel M, Negm SH, Bachata MA. 1976. Corn yield as affected by NPK fertilization calcareous soil. Agriculture research 52(4), 57-61.

Abid H, Ghulam A, Ashfaq A, Sayed AW. 2005. Water use efficiency of maize of affected by irrigation schedules and nitrogen rates. Journal of Agriculture 4, 339-342.

Agha KH, Solangi GY, Rajput FK. 1981. Effect of sowing dates and manures on the yield of green fodder of early sown sorghum. Pakistan journal of agriculture research 2(4), 225-227.

Ahmad M, Ahmad R, Rehman A. 2007. Crowding stress tolerance in maize hybrids. Economic and Business Review, The Daily Dawn, Lahore, Pakistan. October 17-22.

Ahmad I. 1989. The effect of phosphorus application in different proportions with nitrogen on the growth and yield of maize. M.Sc. (Hons) Agri. Thesis, Dep. of Agrononmy University of Agriculture Faisalabad.

Ali J, Bakht J, Shafi M, Khan S, Shah WA. 2002. Uptake of nitrogen as affected by various combinations of nitrogen and phosphorus. Asian journal of plant sciences 1, 367-369.

Amanullah  Asif  M,  Malhi  SS,  Khattak  RA. 2009b. Effects of P-fertilier source and plant density on growth and yield of maize in Northwestern Pakistan. Journal of Plant nutrition 4, 281-292.

Amanullah M, Zakirullah, Khalil SK. 2010b. Timing and rate of P application influence maize phenology, yield and profitability in Northwest Pakistan. International journal of plant production 4, 281-292.

Arya KC, Singh SN. 2001. Productivity of maize as influenced by different levels of phosphorus, zinc and irrigation. Indian J. of Agric. Sci 71, 184-186.

Aslam M, Iqbal S, Zamir MSI, Mubeen M, Amin M. 2011. Effect of different nitrogen levels and seed rates on yield and quality of maize fodder. Crop and Environment 2(2), 47-51.

Ayub M, Tanveer A, Mahmud K, Ali A, Azam M. 1999. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus on fodder yield and quality of two sorghum cultivars. Pakistan journal of biological sciences 2, 247-250.

Barber AS, Olson RA. 1968. Fertilizer use on corn, changing patterns in fertilizer. In: Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin 168-188.

Black AS, Sherlock RR, Smith NP, Cameron KC. 1987. Effects of timing of simulated rainfall on ammonia volatilization from urea, applied to soil of varying moisture content. Journal of soil sciences 38, 679-687.

Buresh RJ, Sanchez PA, Calhoun F. 1997. Replenishing soil fertility in Africa. In: SSSA Spec. Publ. 51. SSSA and ASA, Madison, WI.

Chandrashekra CR, Harlapur SI, Muralikrishna S, Girijesh GK. 2000. Response of maize to organic manures with inorganic fertilizers. Karnataka. JJournal of agriculture sciences 13, 144-146.

Chaudhry RV, Khade ST. 1991. Growth and yield analysis of sorghum hybrid as affected by NPK. Annals Plant Physiology 5, 97-102.

Cheema HNA. 2000. Yield and quality response of maize (Zea mays L.) fodder grown on different levels of phosphorus and seedling densities. M.Sc. (Hons.) Thesis, Dept. Agron., Univ. Agric. Faisalabad Pakistan.

Chen ML, Jiang XL, Zoov BY, Zheri ZY. 1994. Mathematical models and best combination of high yield cultivation technique for rapeseed variety Zhenyouyoum. Acta Agric Zhejiiangenesis (6), 22-26.

Dobos A, Nagy J. 1998. Effects of year and fertilizer application on dry matter production of maize. Novengy termeles 47, 513-524.

Ebelhar DMW. 2010. Twin-row corn production moving forward cultivar selection, nitrogen management and seeding rates. In: Conservation Tillage conference proceedings Tunica Reports, MS.

Gheysari M, Mirlatifi SM, Bannayan M, Homaee M, Hoogenboom G. 2009. Interaction of water and nitrogen on maize grown for silage. Agriculture water management 96(5), 809-821.

Gill MPS, Dhillon NS, Dev G. 1995. Phosphorous requirement of pearl millet and sorghum fodder as affected by native fertility of arid brown soil. Indian journal of agriculture research 29, 83-88.

Govt. Pakistan. 2011. Economic Survey of Pak. 2010-11. Finance Division, Economic Advisor’s Wing, Islamabad, Pak. pp. 24.

Griffith B. 1983. Efficient uses phosphorus fertilizer in irrigated land. Soil. Science journal 148, 7-9.

Hammad HM, Ahmad A, Khaliq T, Farhad W, Mubeen M. 2011a. Optimizing rate of nitrogen application for higher yield and quality in maize under semiarid environment. Crop environment 2(1), 38-41.

Hammad HM, Ahmad A, Wajid F, Akhter A. 2011b. Maize response to time and rate of nitrogen application. Pakistan journal of botany 43, 1935-1942.

Hanif M. 1990. Growth and yield of maize genotypes as influenced by NPK application. M.Sc. (Hons) Agronomy Thesis, Deptt. of Agronomy, Univ. of agri. Faisalabad.

Hussaini MA, Ogunlela VB, Ramalan AA, Falaki AM, Lawal AB. 2002. Productivity and water use in maize (Zea mays L.) as influenced by nitrogen, phosphorus and irrigation levels. Crop research 23, 228-234.

Hussaini MA, Ogunlela VB, Ramalan AA, Falaki AM. 2001. Growth and development of maize (Zea mays L.) in response to different levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and irrigation. Crop research 23, 141-149.

Ibrikci H, Ryan J, Ulger AC, Buyuk G, Cakir B, Korkmaz K, Karnez E, Ozgenturk G, Konuskan O. 2005. Maintenance of P fertilizer and residual P effect on corn production. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science 2, 279-286.

Karadag Y, Buyukburc U. 2001. Research on the effects of different phosphorus doses on root, nodule and plant growth in some vetch species. Turkish journal of agriculture and forestry 25(6), 359-368.

Karasu AO, Bayram M, Turgut I. 2009. The effect of nitrogen levels on forage yield and some attributes in some hybrid corn (in Zea mays dentata Sturt.) cultivars sown as second crop for silage corn. African journal of agriculture research 4 (3), 166-170.

Kaya C, Higgs D, Kimak H. 2001. The effect of high salinity (NaCl) and supplementary phosphorous and potassium on physiology and nutrition development of spinach. Bulgaria journal of plant physiology 27, 47–59.

Keskin B, Yilmaz IH, Turan N. 2005. Yield and quality of forage corn (Zea mays L.) as influenced by cultivar and nitrogen rate. Journal of agronomy 4 (2), 138-141.

Khaliq T, Ahmad A, Hussain A, Ranjha AM, Ali MA. 2008. Impact of nitrogen rates on growth, yield, and radiation use efficiency of maize under varying environments. Pakistan journal of agriculture sciences 45(3), 1-7.

Leon LA. 1999. Phosphorus and potassium interaction in acid soils of the eastern plains of Colombia. Better Crops International 13(2), 8-10.

Liang BC, Millard MR, Machenzie AF. 1992. Effects of hybrid, population densities, fertilization, and irrigation on grain corn (Zea mays L.) in Quebec. canadian journal of plant sciences 72, 1163- 1170.

Magboul E, Nour AM, Abdelrahman AM. 1999. Maize research program. In: Agricultural Research Corpor-ation, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Sudan.

Maqsood M, Abid AM, Iqbal A, Hussain MI. 2001. Effect of various rates of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and yield of maize. Pakistan journal of biological sciences 1, 19-20.

Marschner H. 1986. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. In: Academic Press Inc., San. Diego, USA. 148-173.

Michael AM. 1981. Irrigation, theory and practice. In: Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi, India, pp: 901.

Nadeem MA, Iqbal Z, Ayub M, Mubeen K, Ibrahim M. 2009. Effect of nitrogen application on forage yield and quality of maize sown alone and in mixture with legumes. Pakistan journal of life sciences 7(2), 161-167.

Nour AM, Lazin ME. 2000. In: Annual report, maize research program agricultural research corporation ministry of agriculture and forestry, Sudan.

Rashid A, Memon KS. 2001. Soil and fertilizer phosphorus. In: Soil Sci. B. Elenaand R. Bantel (Eds). National Book Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan. pp. 300-302.

Rashid M, Iqbal M. 2012. Effect of phosphorus fertilizer on the yield and quality of maize (Zea mays L.) fodder on clay loam soil. The Journal of animal and plant sciences 22(1), 199-203.

Reddy SA, Jhon, D, Christie W. 1992. Effect of phosphorus on maize under moisture stress condition. Journal of crop sciences 33, 212-215.

Robinson DL, Murphy LS. 1972. Influence of nitrogen, phosphorus and plant population on yield and quality of forage corn. Journal of agronomy 64, 349-351.

Saeed I, Abbasi MK, Kazmi M. 2001. Response of maize (Zea mays L.) to NP fertilization under agro-climatic conditions of Rawalakot Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan journal of biological sciences. 4(8), 949-952.

Sahoo SC, Panda M. 2001. Effect of phosphorus and de-tasseling on yield of baby-corn. Indian journal of agriculture sciences 71, 21-22.

Schrader LE. 1984. Functions and transformation of nitrogen in higher plants. In: Nitrogen in Crop Production. R.D. Hauck (Ed.). pp. 55-60.

Sharar MS, Ayub M, Nadeem MA, Ahmad N. 2003. Effect of different rates of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and grain yield of maize. Asian Plant Sciences 2(3), 347-349.

Singaram P, Kothandaraman GV. 1994. Studies on residual, direct and cumulative effect of phosphorus sources on the availability, content and uptake of phosphorus and yield of maize. Madras Agric. J 81, 425-429.

Singh SDS. 2001. Effect of irrigation regimes and nitrogen levels on growth, yield and quality of baby corn. Madras Agriculture journal 88(7/8), 367-370.

Singh, Dubey. 1991. Response of maize to the application of nitrogen and phosphorous. In: Current Research. University of Agricultural Science (Bargalore) 20(8), 153-154.

Tariq M. 1998. Fodder yield and quality of two maize varieties at different nitrogen levels. M.Sc. (Hons.) Agri. Thesis, Deptt. Agron., Univ. Agric. Faisalabad.

Uhart SA, Andrade FH. 1995. Nitrogen deficiency in maize. 1: Effect on crop growth, development, dry matter partitioning and kernel set. Crop sciences 35, 1376-1383.

Whitehead DC, Raistrick N. 1993. The volatilization of ammonia from cattle urine applied to soils as influenced by soil properties. Plant Soil 148, 43-51.

Wojnowska T, Panak H, Seikiewiez S. 1995. Reaction of winter oil seed rape to increasing levels of nitrogen fertilizer application under condition of Ketizyn Chernozem. Rosling Oleiste 16, 173-180.

Yaseen R, Shafi J, Ahmad W, Rana MS, Salim M, Qaisrani SA. 2014. Effect of deficit irrigation and mulch on soil physical properties, growth and yield of maize. Environment and Ecology Research2(3), 122-137.

Yash S, Rakish W, Sing K. 1992. Phosphorus availability under different soil pH. Indian agriculture journal 23, 124-128.