Effect of ventilation, floor space allowance and cooling arrangement of cattle shed on milk yield of local and cross breed dairy cattle in Ganjam

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Research Paper 01/03/2019
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Effect of ventilation, floor space allowance and cooling arrangement of cattle shed on milk yield of local and cross breed dairy cattle in Ganjam

Puspanjali Maharana, Dr. Gitanjali Mishra
Int. J. Biosci.14( 3), 436-445, March 2019.
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Twenty farmers consisting of small and marginal Dairy Farm from 5 blocks i.e Kukudakhandi, Rangeilunda, Chatrapur, Sorada and Hinjilicut of Ganjam district were considered based on Cross Breed and Indigenous Breed of cattle population for this study. Farmers were Co-operated for collecting information on Cattle shed and milk yield aspect of dairy cattle. Subsequently farmers were grouped accordingly for both above mentioned type of cattle shed and number of cows in the shed. Data was compiled from different studies evaluating the performance of different grades of Cross Breed animals as well as Local Breeds (Singh, 2016). Data on microenvironment of Cattle shed and daily milk yield of cows were recorded besides feeding and disease occurrence (Das et al., 2014). It was observed that Ventilation of cattle shed of Cross Breed Cows Shows Highly significant (P < 0.01) effect on av. daily milk yield and Indigenous Breed Cows Shows Highly significant ( P < 0.05) effect on av. daily milk yield whereas Floor space provision inside cattle shed of Cross Breed Cows and Indigenous Breed Cows shows significant (P< 0.05) effect on av. daily milk yield Similarly Cooling arrangement in cattle house of Cross Breed Cows shows significant (P < 0.05) effect on av. daily milk yield and Indigenous Breed Cows shows highly significant (P< 0.01) effect on av. daily milk yield. It was inferred that besides manual and mechanical cooling if false ceiling is made inside cattle house cow would feel more comfort with higher milk yield. Key words: Breeds, Cattle, Milk yield, Microclimate.


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