Effect of water repellent soil layer and its placement in soil columns on water infiltration

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2014
Views (132) Download (6)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Effect of water repellent soil layer and its placement in soil columns on water infiltration

HosseinBeyrami, Mohammad Reza Neyshabouri, Amir HosseinNazemi, FariborzAbbasi
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 2), 381-386, August 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Soil water infiltration and its characteristics are important in water management both in agriculture and hydrology. Water repellency (WR) of soil, a phenomenon that often occurs in forest soils, reduces infiltration greatly and enhances soil degradation by various ways. In this study two sandy loam (SL) and clay loam (CL) soils were sampled from Kaleybar forest area, East Azarbaijan province, IRAN. They were artificially hydrophobized into two different degrees of WR by using stearic acid. Water drop penetration time test (WDPT) was applied to assess the severity of the repellency. Effects of the water repellent soil layer and its placement on cumulative infiltration and infiltration rate were investigated. Results indicated that in the both soils, the cumulative and average infiltration rates at the beginning of the experiment and the average steady state infiltration rate decreased with increasing repellency. The average value of the initial infiltration rate decreased from 1.37 (cm min-1) to 1.21 (cm min-1) in the sandy loam soil, and from 1.50 (cm min-1) to 0.745 (cm min-1) in the clay loam soil with increasing the severity of the repellency from degree 0 to 1. In the wettable soil column with upper water repellent layer the average value of initial infiltration rate decreased to 1.23 (cm min-1) in SLsoil and to 0.762 (cm min-1)in the CL soil, respectively. The steady state infiltration rate reduced from 0.037 (cm min-1) to 0.024 (cm min-1) in the SL and from 0.020 (cm min-1) to 0.016 (cm min-1) in the CL soil with increasing WR. The steady state infiltration rate in WR soil column and soils with upper and lower WR layers were almost the same.

VIEWS 2

Arye G, Tarchitzky J, Chen Y. 2011. Treated wastewater effects on water repellency and soil hydraulic properties of soil aquifer treatment infiltration basins. Journal of Hydrology 397, 136– 145.

Burch GJ, Moore ID, Burns J. 1989. Soil hydrophobic effects on infiltration and catchment runoff. Hydrological Processes 3, 211–222.

Carrillo MLK, Letey J, Yates SR. 2000. Unstable water flow in layered soil: I. Effect of a stable water-repellent layer. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64, 450–455.

Debano LF, Letey J. 1969. Water-repellent soils. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Water-repellent Soils Held at the University of California, Riverside, May 6(10), 1968.

DeBano LF. 1971. The effect of hydrophobic substances on water movement in soil during infiltration. Proceedings of the Soil Science Society of America 35, 340–343.

Dekker LW, Jungerius PD. 1990. Water repellency in the dunes with special reference to The Netherlands. Catena Supplement 18, 173-183.

Doerr SH, Thomas AD. 2000. The role of soil moisture in controlling water repellency: new evidence from forest soils in Portugal. Journal of Hydrology 231(232), 134–147.

Feng GL, Letey J, Wu L. 2001. Water ponding depths affect temporal infiltration rates in water-repellent sand. Soil Science Society of America Journal 65, 315–320.

Milly PCD. 1988. Advances in modeling of water in the unsaturated zone. Transport Porous Media 3, 491–514.

Moody JA, Kinner DA, Ubeda X. 2009. Linking hydraulic properties of fire-affected soils to infiltration and water repellency. Journal of Hydrology 379, 291–303.

Nieber JL, Bauters TWJ, Steenhuis TS, Parlange JY. 2000. Numerical simulation of experimental gravity-driven unstable flow in water repellent sand. Journal of Hydrology 231(232), 295– 307.

Pierson FB, Robichaud PR, Moffet CA, Spaeth KE, Williams CJ, Hardegree SP, Clark PE. 2008. Soil water repellency and infiltration in coarse-textured soils of burned and unburned sagebrush ecosystems. Catena 74, 98–108.

Ritsema CJ, Dekker LW. 1996. Water repellency and its role in forming preferential flow paths in soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research 34, 475–487.

Ritsema CJ, Dekker LW. 2003. Soil Water Repellency: Occurrence, Consequences, and Amelioration. Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Shakesby RA, Doerr SH, Walsh RPD. 2000. The erosional impact of soil hydrophobicity: current problems and future research directions. Journal of Hydrology 231–232, 178–191.

Tillman RW, Scotter DR, Wallis MG, Clothier BE. 1989. Waterrepellency and its measurement by using intrinsic sorptivity. Australian Journal of Soil Research 27, 637–644.

Van Dam JC, Hendrickx JMH, Van Ommen HC, Bannink MH, Van Genuchten MTH, Dekker LW. 1990. Water and solute movement in a coarse-textured water-repellent field soil. Journal of Hydrology 120, 359-379.

Wallis MG, Horne DJ. 1992. Soil water repellency. Advances in Soil Science 20, 265–267.

Wallis MG, Scotter DR, Horne DJ. 1991. An evaluation of the intrinsic sorptivity water repellency index on a range of New Zealand soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research 29, 353–362.

Wallis MG, Horne DJ, McAuliffe KW. 1990. A study of water repellency and its amelioration in a yellow-brown sand. 2. Use of wetting agents and their interaction with some aspects of irrigation. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 33, 145– 150.

Wang Z, Feyen J, Ritsema CJ. 1998. Susceptibility and predictability of condition for preferential flow. Water Resources Research 34, 2169–2182.

Wang Z, Wu L, Wu QJ. 2000. Water-entry value as an alternative indicator of soil water-repellency and wettability. Journal of Hydrology 231(232), 76– 83.