Effectiveness of poultry litter as fertilizer for rice cultivation: prospect of organic fertilizer in Bangladesh

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/03/2015
Views (283) Download (9)

Effectiveness of poultry litter as fertilizer for rice cultivation: prospect of organic fertilizer in Bangladesh

Md. Khayul Alam Bhuiyan, Abdul Kadir Ibne Kamal, Fahad Ahmed, Md. Khabir Uddin
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 3), 8-15, March 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


Advances in knowledge and technology over recent decades favor the growth and intensification of poultry production in developing countries, simultaneously accumulation of large amount of wastes, especially manure and litter, generated by intensive production causes a major environmental problem. This study deals with the effectiveness of poultry litter as organic fertilizer for rice production. For that reason, the chemical characteristics viz Potassium (k), Total Nitrogen (N), Ammonium (NH4-N), Phosphorus (P) and the proficiency of broiler and layer poultry litter were determined. Five broiler poultry litter and five layer poultry litter samples were analyzed. The investigation shows that average concentration of Phosphorus (as P2O5) are 3.6%, 2.5%; Total N are 1.6% ,1.7% ; Ammonium (NH4-N) are 0.4%,0.8% and Potassium (as K2O) are 1.5% ,1.3% found in broiler and layer poultry litter respectively. Potassium (k), Total Nitrogen (N), Ammonium (NH4-N) values are in standard level of organic fertilizer, but Phosphorus (P) values are exceeded the standard level of organic fertilizer. This study is believed to serve that poultry litter can be used as alternative of chemical fertilizer to enhance the rice production and effective strategy to manage the excessive poultry waste.


Barker JC, Zublena JP. 1995. Livestock nutrient assessment in North Carolina. Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Agricultural and Food Processing Wastes. American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan. pp. 98– 106.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2003. Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of  Statistics,  Ministry  of  Planning,  Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Bray HR, Krutz LT. 1945. Determination of Total Organic and Available Form of Phosphorus in Soil. Soil science. 59, pp 39-45

Edwards DR, Daniels TC. 1992. Environmental impacts of on-farm poultry waste disposal – a review. Bio resource Technology 41, 9–33.

FAO. 2002. Production Yearbook of Food and Agricultural Organization, statistics series, Vol. 57, Rome, Italy.

FAO. 2010. Agricultural Handbook: Poultry Meat and Eggs. 1st Edition FAO Investment Centre Division, Rome Italy.

FFYP. 2003. The Fifth Five Year Plan. Planning Commission, Ministry of Planning, and Government of the Peoples of Bangladesh.

Gollehon N, Caswell M, Ribaudo M, Kellogg R, Lander C, Letson D. 2001. Confined animal production and manure nutrients. Agricultural Information Bulletin No. 771, US Department of Agriculture, Resources Economics Division, Economic Research and Service, Washington DC.

Harrell D, Saichuk J, Stevens JC. 2012. A Guide to Poultry Litter Use in Louisiana Rice Production, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center.

Jackson ML. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Publication Constable and Co. Ltd, London, UK.

Kelleher B, Leahy J, Henihan A, O´ Dwyer T, Suuton D, Leahy M. 2002. Advances in poultry litter disposal technology – a review. Bio resource Technology 83, 27–36.

Kellogg RL, Lander CH, Moffitt DC, Gollehon N. 2000. Manure Nutrients Relative to the Capacity of Cropland and Pastureland to Assimilate Nutrients: Spatial and Temporal Trends for the United States. NRCS and ERS GSA Publ. No. nps00 0579, Washington, DC.

Murphy J, Riley JP. 1962. A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphorus in natural waters.

Nicholson FA, Chambers BJ, Smith KA. 1996. Nutrient composition of poultry manures in England and wales. Bio resource Technology 58, 279–284.

Sarker BC, Alam MA, Rahman MM, Tariqul Islam AFM, Chowdhury MGF. 2009. Waste Management of Commercial Poultry Farms in Bangladesh. Journal of innovation development strategy 2(3), 34-37.

Smil, V. 2000. Phosphorus in the environment: natural flows and human interferences. Annual Revision Energy Environment 25, 53–88.