Effects of carbonized rice hull and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi application on potting media chemical properties, growth and nutrient uptake of Falcata (Paraserianthes falcataria L.)

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Research Paper 01/08/2018
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Effects of carbonized rice hull and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi application on potting media chemical properties, growth and nutrient uptake of Falcata (Paraserianthes falcataria L.)

Reuben James C. Rollon, Rutchel A. Batac, Rutchelyn A. Batac, Sheila M. Maglines
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.13( 2), 93-101, August 2018.
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A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of carbonized rice hull (CRH) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation on potting media chemical properties, growth, N and P uptake of Paraserianthes falcataria. The plants were grown in a soil-sand potting media amended with CRH at the rates of 2%, 5%, 10%, 20% and 40% (w/w). A control treatment (soil-sand) with and without AMF inoculation was included. The experiment was laid out in RCBD with 3 replications. Plants were grown for 90 days. Soil samples were also analyzed for the changes in chemical properties. While N and P nutrition were determined through plant tissue analysis. The results indicated that charcoal application can significantly reduce soil pH in potting media.  In contrast, charcoal application positively increased soil OC, total N, extractable P and exchangeable K compared to unamended pots. The increase in the available nutrients was in proportion to the rate of CRH application. The highest significant increase was consistently observed in potting mixes amended with 40% CRH. Despite the improvement in soil chemical properties, CRH and AMF inoculation did not positively influence plant height, stem diameter, and total dry matter production. Similarly, comparable results were observed on the N and P concentration and uptake of plants amended with CRH and AMF and the control treatments. Results of the experiment demonstrate the ability of CRH and AMF to influenced soil chemical properties. However, both amendments failed to have a significant improvement on the growth, biomass production, and nutrition of P. falcataria seedlings.


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