Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 15, 2022

| Download 19

Effects of different flood depths on the growth and yield of some lowland rice varieties

EU. Uwuigbe, FO. Oroka, SO. Akparobi

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.21(5), 110-119, November 2022


JBES 2022 [Generate Certificate]


This study was conducted to examine the effect of different flood depths on the growth and yield of some lowland rice varieties. The experiment was a 3 × 3 × 5 factorial experiment laid out in Completely Randomized Design with three replications. The factors considered were the effect of different flood depth levels (40cm, 60cm and 80cm) on the different growth stages (vegetative, reproductive and ripening) of five varieties of rice. Parameters assessed includes; Germination%, Elongation per day, Elongation%, Survival%, Plant height (cm), Number of tillers, and Leaf diameter (cm), Days to 50% flowering, Days to 50% maturity, Number of panicle/plant, Number of grain/panicle, 1000 seed weight (g), Seed yields/plant(g), Seed yield/m2 (g). Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance. Swana sub 1 was observed to be best variety as it recorded the highest seed yield (g) values of 35.2g, 33.6g and 21.8g for maturity growth stage at 40cm, 60cm and 80cm flood depths respectively while the least seed yield (g) values of 29.8g, 22.6g and 10.4g was recorded by Faro 37 at 40 , 60 and 80cm flood depths. The study concluded also 40cm flood depth as the best for optimum growth and survival of rice. Swana sub 1 is hereby recommended to farmers due to their high yield and ability to withstand flood stress.


Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effects of different flood depths on the growth and yield of some lowland rice varieties

Akinwalemg, Akinyele BO, Odiyi AC, Nwilene F, Gregorio GB, Oyetunji OE. 2012. Phenotypic Screening of Nigerian Rainfed Lowland Mega Rice Genotypes for Submergence Tolerance”. In: Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 1, 4-6 WCE , July 4 -6, London, UK. ISBN: 978-988-19251-3-8.

Anbumozhi V, Yamaji E, Yabuchi T. 1998. Rice crop growth and yield as influenced by changes in ponding water depth, water regime and fertigation level, Agric. Watermgt. 3, 1 September 37, 241-253.

Angaji SA, Septiningsih EM, Mackill DJ, Ismail AM. 2010. QTLs associated with tolerance of flooding during germination in rice (Oryza sativa L.) Euphytica 172, 159-168.

Bailey-Serres J, Fukao T, Ronald P, Ismail A, Heuer S, Mackill D. 2008. Submergence tolerant rice: SUB1 journey from landrace to modern cultivar. Rice, 3(2-3), 138-147.

De Datta SK. 1981. Principles and practices of rice production, New York (USA): John Wiley. deLaulanié H. 1993. Le système de riziculture intensive malgache, Tropicultura (Brussels) 11, 110-114.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2014 Rice Market Monitor. http://www.fao.org/economic/est/publications/rice-publications/rice-market-monitor-rmm/en Volume XVII, Issue No. 1.

Ismail AM, Ella ES, Vergara GV, Mackill DJ. 2009. Mechanisms associated with tolerance to flooding during germination and early seedling growth in rice (Oryza sativa). Annals of Botany, 103, 197-209. https://doi.org/10.1093/ aob/mcn211

Kawano GB, Brar DS. 2002. Biotechnology for rice breeding: Progress and impact. Proceedings of the 20th session of the International Rice Commission, Bangkok, Thailand.

Lee KW, Chen PW, Yu SM. 2014. Metabolic adaptation to sugar O2 deficiency for anaerobic germination and seedling growth in rice Plant Cell Environ 37(10), 2234-2244.

Mackill DJ. 1986. Progress in Rainfed Lowland Rice Los Baños: International Rice Research Institute; Rainfed Lowland Rice Improvement in South and South East Asia; Results of a Survey 115-144.

Mohanty S, Wassmann R, Nelson A, Moya, P, Jagadish SVK. 2000. Rice and climate change: significance for food security and vulnerability. IRRI Discussion Paper Series No. 49.

Panda SC, Rath BS, Tripathy RK, Dash B. 1997. Effect of water management practices on yield and nutrient uptake in the dry season rice, Oryza 34, 51-53.

Sarkar RK, Bhattacharjee B. 2011. Rice Genotypes with SUB1 QTL Differ in Submergence Tolerance, Elongation Ability during Submergence and Regeneration Ability during Submergence and Re-generation Growth at Re-emergence. Rice 5, 6-10.

Sarkar RK, Reddy JN, Das KK, Ram PC, Singh PN, Mazid MA, Sommut W, Pane H, Sharma SG, Ismail AM. 2006. Biophysical Constraints in Flood-Prone Ecosystems: Impacts and Prospects for Enhancing and Sustaining Productivity. Natural Resource Management for Poverty Reduction and Environmental Sustainability in Fragile Rice-Based Systems, Limited Proceedings, No. 15, International Rice Research Institute, Philippines pp. 67-81.

Singh BN, Fagade S, Ukwungwu MN, Williams C, Jagtap SS, Oladimeji O, Efisue A, Okhidievbie O. 2013. Rice growing environments and biophysical constraints in different agro ecological zones of Nigeria. Meteorological Journal 2(1), 35-44.

Singh S, Mackill DJ, Ismail AM. 2014. Tolerance of longer-term partial stagnant flooding is independent of the SUB1 locus in rice. Field Crops Research 121, 311-323.

Singh US, Dar M, Singh S, Ismail AM. 2017. Transforming rice production in flood-prone affected areas: development of the swarna-Sub1 variety using marker-assisted backcrossing and its deployment in India pp. 63-70.

Venuprasad R. 2017. New Release Africa Rice “Flood tolerant” Rice Strain. Africarice.org.

Vergara GV, Labios RL, Manzanilla DO, Pamplona AM, Esguerra MQ, Paris TR, Ismail AM, Mackill DJ. 2014. Performance of submergence-tolerant rice Sub1 lines in flood-prone areas of Southeast Asia.6th Rice Genetics Symposium Abstracts; November 16-18; Manila, Philippines pp. 152.

Yahaya AM. 2014. Responses of Sub1 rice introgression lines to submergence in the field: yield and grain quality. Field Crop Research 3, 45-53. DOI:10.1016/J.FCR.2009.04.003

Yamauchi MA. Aguilar AM, Vaughan DA, Seshu DV. 1993. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm suitable for direct sowing under flooded soil surface Euphytica 67(3), 177-184.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background