Effects of ectomycorrhizae on the wildling growth of six tree species from Dipterocarpaceae family

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2020
Views (282) Download (16)

Effects of ectomycorrhizae on the wildling growth of six tree species from Dipterocarpaceae family

Basir Achmad
Int. J. Biosci.17( 5), 195-201, November 2020.
Certificate: IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]


The objectives of the research were to analyze the effects of ectomycorrhizae on wildling growth of six tree species from Dipterocarpaceae family, and to analyze the species that have the best growth response on the ectomycorrhizae. The method used was a factorial experiment in a completely randomized design. Factors applied were ectomycorrhizae and wildling species. Ectomycorrhizae factor consisted of without mycorrhizae (control) and with mycorrhizae. Species factor consisted of Shorea leprosula, Shorea ovalis), Hopea mengarawan, Shorea palembanica, Shorea macroptera, and Shorea parvofolia. The number of treatment was 12 combinations. Replication was four times, and the number of wildlings of each treatment was four wildlings. The total wildlings observed were 144 wildlings. The results showed that in terms of the height increment variable, the ectomycorrhizae factor provided significant effects on the growth of the wildlings. The average height increment of the six species of Dipterocarpaceae family with mycorrhizae was 3.60 cm while without mycorrhizae was 2.76 cm. In terms of diameter increment variable, the ectomycorrhizae and species factors independently affected the growth of the wildlings significantly. The average diameter increment of the six species of Dipterocarpaceae family with mycorrhizae was 0.11 cm while without a mycorrhiza treatment was 0.07 cm. The species that had the highest diameter increment (0.113 cm) was Shorea ovalis, while the smallest one was Shorea macroptera (0.063 cm). The survival percentage of wildling observed was 100%.


Achmad B. 2017a. Accelerating the growth of red meranti (Shorea leprosula) wildlings by utilizing better topsoil media from under mother trees and optimum tending duration in a simple greenhouse. International Journal of Biosciences 10, 239-248.

Achmad B. 2017b. Effectiveness of storage boxes and a simple greenhouse to revive Shorea leprosula wildlings. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 10, 193-200.

De la Cruz RE. 1983. Technologies for the inoculation of mycorrhizae to pines in ASEAN. Paper presented in the workshop on forestry nursery and establishment practices in the ASEAN. Jakarta.

Gehring CA. 2003. Growth responses to arbuscular mycorrhizae by rain forest seedlings vary with light intensity and tree species. Plant Ecology 167, 127-139.

Hardiatmi S. 2008. Utilization of mycorrhizae for stimulating forest tree growth. Journal of Agricultural Motivation 7, 1-10.

Hendromo. 1987. The role of mycorrhizae on nutrient absorption on pine plants. Duta Rimba 89-90/XIII/1987. Perum Perhutani. Jakarta.

Kettle CJ. 2010. Ecological considerations for using Dipterocarps for restoration of lowland rainforest in Southeast Asia.  Biodiversity and Conservation 19, 1137-1151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-009-9772-6.

Omon RM. 2008. Effect of mycorrhizal tablet dosage on the growth of two red meranti species from seeds and cuttings at PT. ITCIKU Concession Holder. Info Hutan 5, 329-335.

Omon RM. 2002. Dipterocarpaceae: Sohorea leprosula Miq., cuttings, mycorrhizae and nutrients. Tropenbos Series No. 7. The Tropenbos Foundation. Wageningen, The Netherlands p 144.

Simanungkalit R. 2001. Application of the biological and chemical fertilizers: an integrated approach. Food Crop Technology Research Institute. Bogor.

Talanca H. 2010. The status of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus on plants. Proceeding Journal of Pekan Serealia Nasional, ISSN: 978-979-89-40-29-3, p 355.

Wu, Qiang-Sheng, Xia Ren-Xue. 2006. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi influence growth, osmotic adjustment and photosynthesis of citrus under well-watered and water stress conditions. Journal of Plant Physiology 163, 417-425.

Tapwal A, Kumar R, Borah D. 2015. Effect of mycorrhizal inoculations on the growth of Shorea robusta seedlings. Nusantara Bioscience 7, 1-5.