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Research Paper | September 6, 2022

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Effects of incorporating heat-treated voandzou (Vigna subterranea) seeds into diets on growth performance of chickens in improved traditional poultry farming

Bansé Ouédraogo, Henri Kaboré, Sibiri Jean Zoundi

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Int. J. Biosci.21(3), 75-84, September 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.3.75-84

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Abstract

This research was undertaken to contribute to the search for alternative ways to improve poultry nutrition in Burkina Faso. The objective of the study was to determine the effects of incorporating roasted voandzou (Vigna subterranea) seed meal into feed rations on the growth performance of broilers in traditional improved farming in Burkina Faso. The roasted soybean used as a control was partially substituted by voandzou seed meal.  To this end, a trial was conducted on 120 3-week-old chicks obtained from a cross between an Isa Brown rooster and a local hen, divided into three (3) batches according to the rate of incorporation of the seeds in the rations (0%, 3%, 6%) for 56 days. A mortality rate of 2.02% was observed. Live weights decreased in proportion to the level of incorporation in the ration with the control Rt (0%) equal to (1300.93±85.92g), RE1 (3%) equal to (1394.33±79.41g) and RE2 (1234.46±91.56g). The average weight gain and feed intake were not significantly different from the control. The feed conversion ratio of RE2 (5.01) was significantly higher than RE1 (3.76) and the control (4.31). These results show that voandzou seeds incorporated in the ration at more than 3% significantly retard the growth performance of the chickens, probably due to the presence of anti-nutritional factors, and suggest that the effects of good prior detoxification should be evaluated.

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Effects of incorporating heat-treated voandzou (Vigna subterranea) seeds into diets on growth performance of chickens in improved traditional poultry farming

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