Effects of inorganic and organic fertilizer with phosphorous supplementation in the growth and yield of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) & soil properties

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2022
Views (1212) Download (162)

Effects of inorganic and organic fertilizer with phosphorous supplementation in the growth and yield of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) & soil properties

Violijim R. Arangote, Rex Bomvet D. Saura, Genebei Faith S. Sajolan, Mariel L. Delgado, Evelyn A. Rapsing, Elmer C. Manatad
Int. J. Biosci.21( 6), 34-40, December 2022.
Certificate: IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]


Mungbean is economically important crop as protein source substitute locally known as “Monggo”. This experimental investigation assessed the response of Mungbean, Vigna radiata and the soil characteristics applied with four (4) treatment with four replication such as T1-Control, T2– 45-45-45kg NPK ha-1, T3-20 t ha-1 chicken manure + 45kg P ha-1, and T4 20 t ha-1 guano + 45kg P ha-1 in RCB design. Comparison of means revealed that all treatments do not give significant differences in plant height, number of leaves, weight of pods, weight of grains, weight of oven dried roots and shoots but only no of pods and nodulation were significant provided by ANOVA . The sufficient soil nutrient availability and high Phosphorous content provided by soil chemical analysis influences the growth and yield, dry matter and root nodules in control pots and at par performance results with the application of NPK, Chicken manure + P, and Guano + P. However soil property analysis after study duration revealed moderately alkaline pH,% 2.4–2.6% SOM, high to excessive P, and high K level indicative that soil condition improves with application of chicken and guano manure with Phosphorous addition compare to NPK + P. Furthermore, an increment of means on the number and weight of pods, weight of grains and dry matter of roots and shoots observed in the potted V. radiata L. supplemented with phosphorous rich organic fertilizer specifically chicken manure. Thus, Phosphorous supplementation increases growth and yield in leguminous V. radiata L. in this study.


Abbas G, Abbas Z, Aslam M, Malik AU, Ishaque M, Hussain F. 2011. Effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on Mungbean (Vigna radiata (l.)) yield under arid climate International Research Journal of Plant Science Vol 2(4), pp. 094-098.

Ali MZ, Khan MAA, Rahaman AKMM, Ahmed M, Ahsan AFMS. 2010. Study on seed quality and performance of some Mungbean varieties in Bangladesh. Int J Expt Agric 1(2), 10-15.

Baker F, Gourley C. 2011. Understanding soil tests–pastures. https://agriculture. vic.gov.au/farm-management/soil/understanding-soil-tests-for-pastures

Barth B. 2015. How to choose the right poop and put it to good use. Get a Load of Our Manure Guide. Farm. Food. Life. https://modernfarmer.com/2015/ 05/get-a-load-of-our-manure-guide/

Ewulo BS, Ojeniyi SO, Akanni DA. 2008. Effect of poultry manure on selected soil physical and chemical properties, growth, yield and nutrient status of tomato. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 3(9), pp. 612-616,

Heinrich A, Falen J, Stone A. 2018. High soil test phosphorus and potassium levels on a long-term organic farm: trends, causes, and solutions. https://articles. extension.org/pages/74053/high-soil-test-phosphorus-and-potassium-levels-on-a-long-term-organic-farm

Horneck, D, Sullivan D, Owen Jr J, Hart J. 2011. Soil Test Interpretation Guide. Oregon State University Extension.

Iqbal Chaudhary M, Adu-Gyamfi J, Saneoka H, Nt N, Suwa R, Kanai S, El-Shemy H, Lightfoot D, Fujita K. 2008. The effect of phosphorus deficiency on nutrient uptake, nitrogen fixation and photosynthetic rate in mashbean, mungbean and soybean. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. 30. 537-544  Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 30(4), 537-544.

Khan MA, Baloch MS, Taj I, Gandapur I. 1999. Effect of Phosphorous on the Growth and Yield of Mungbean. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 2, 667-669. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.1999.667.669.

Khan MA, Naveed K, Ali K, Ahmad B, Jan S. 2012. Impact of mungbean maize intercropping on growth and yield of mungbean. Weed science society of Pakistan department of weed science. J Weed Sci Res 18(2), 191-200.

Kumari R, Shekhawat KS, Gupta R, Khokhar MK. 2012. Integrated management against root- rot of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) Wilczek) incited by macrophominaphaseolina. J Plant Pathol Microb 3, 5.

Laishram J, Saxenakg, Maikhuri RK, Rao KS. 2012. Soil Quality and Soil Health: A Review International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 38(1), 19-37, 2012.

Naeem M, Iqbal J, Ahmad M, Haji A, Bakhsh A. 2006. Comparative Study of Inorganic Fertilizers and Organic Manures on Yield and Yield Components of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) J. Agri. Soc. Sci Vol. 2, No. 4.

Oldfield EE, Bradford MA, Wood SA. 2019. Global meta-analysis of the relationship between soil organic matter and crop yields, SOIL 5, 15-32. https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-5-15-2019.

Omran AH, Dass A, Jahish F, Dhar S, Choudhary AK, Rajanna GA. 2018. Response of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) to phosphorus and nitrogen application in Kandahar region of Afghanistan Ann. Agric. Res. New Series Vol 39(1), 57-62.

Prajapati JP, Singh RP, Santosh K, Kushwaha IK, Yadav PK. 2013. Yield And Nutrient Uptake Of Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] Influenced By Phosphorus And Sulphur Agriculture For Sustainable Development 1(1), 49-51, 2013/Article.

Robertson GP, Gross KL, Hamilton SK, Landis DA, Schmidt TM, Snapp SS, Swinton SM. 2014. Farming for Ecosystem Services: An Ecological Approach to Production Agriculture, Bioscience 64, 404-415.

Samavat S. 2015. The Effects of Poultry Manure on Phosphorous Solubility of Rocks Phosphate International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences/Vol 9(11), 2052-2054.

Shetty S, Sreepada KS, Bhat R. 2013. Effect of bat guano on the growth of Vigna radiata L. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Vol 3.

Sothearen T, Furey NM, Jurgens JA. 2014. Effect of bat guano on the growth of five economically important plant species. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 52(2), 169-173.

Spargo J, Allen T, Kariuki S. 2013 Interpreting Your Soil Test Results. Soil and Plant Nutrient Testing Laboratory. https://ag.umass.edu/sites/ ag.umass.edu/ files/factsheets/pdf/ spttl_2_interpreting_your_soil _test_results_0.pdf

Tejada M, Hernandez MT, Garcia C. 2009. Soil restoration using composted plant residues: Effects on soil properties. Soil and Tillage Res 102, 109-117. DOI: 10.1016/j.still.2008.08.004

Umata H. 2018. Evaluation of Adaptability of Mung Bean Varieties in Moisture Stress of Eastern Harerghe Zone. Agri Res & Tech: Open Access J 13(2), DOI: 10.19080/ARTOAJ.2018.13.555880

Unal M, Can O, Can BA, Poyraz K. 2018. The Effect of Bat Guano Applied to the Soil in Different Forms and Doses on Some Plant Nutrient Contents, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 49(6), 708-716.

Yanan T, Emteryd O, Dianqing L, Grip H. 1997. Effect of organic manure and chemical fertilizer on N uptake and nitrate leaching in a Eum-orthic Anthrosol profile. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst 48, 225-229.