Effects of mining effluent contaminated soil treated with fertilizers on growth parameters, chlorophyll and proximate composition of Cucurbita pepo vegetable

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/09/2013
Views (283) Download (9)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Effects of mining effluent contaminated soil treated with fertilizers on growth parameters, chlorophyll and proximate composition of Cucurbita pepo vegetable

Osuocha Kelechi Uzoma, Akubugwo Emmanuel Iroha, Chinyere Godwin Chinyere, Ezekwe Ahamefula Sunday, Duru Majesty Kelechukwu, Nwaogu Linus Ahuwaraeze
J. Bio. Env. Sci.3( 9), 1-8, September 2013.
Certificate: JBES 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The present study evaluated the effect of mining effluent contaminated soil treated with fertilizers on growth parameters, chlorophyll content and proximate composition of Cucurbita pepo. Effluents of Crush rock, Crush stone and Ezza quarry sites in Ishiagu, Ebonyi State Nigeria were used for the study. Soil samples including the control were treated with urea fertilizer (sample E), NPK 20.10.10 (sample F), while sample D was without fertilizer. Results showed that plants treated with urea fertilizer showed significant increase (p<0.05) in all the parameters evaluated when compared with other treatments and are in the order E>F>D. Results suggest that mining effluent impacted negatively on growth, chlorophyll and proximate composition of Cucurbita pepo vegetable.

VIEWS 5

Ana-Irina S, Vasile H, Vasile O, Jozset J and Elena P. 2008. Studies on transfer and bioaccumulation of heavy metals from soil into lettuce. journal of environmental engineering and management. 7, 609-615.

Aroh K N, Eze C L, Abam T K S, Gobo A E and Ubong I U. 2007. The Physicochemical properties of pit-water from Ishiagu lead/zinc (Pb/Zn) mine as an index for alkaline classification of the mine drainage. Journal of, applied science and environmental management. 11, 19-23.

Chang S K C. 2003. Protein Analysis.3rd Edition, New York: Kluwer Academic/plenum publisher. 7-10

Elloumi N, Ben F, Rhouma A, Ben B, Mezghani I, and Boukhris, M. 2007. Cadmium induced growth inhibition and alteration of biochemical parameters in almond seedling grown in solution culture. Acta physiologiae plantarum. 29, 57-62.

Ezeh H N and Chukwu E. 2011.Small scale mining and heavy metals pollution of agricultural soils.The case study of Ishiagu mining District South Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Geology and Mining Research 3, 87-104

Gabriella M G and Anton A. 2005. Phytoremediatio study; factors influencing heavy metal uptake of plants. Acta Biologia. 49, 69-70

Hendrik P. and Yvonne de Jong-Van Berkel . 2011. Determination of chlorophyll extraction.

James C S.  1995.  Analytical  chemistry  of  foods. blakie academic and professional. London. 505 – 509.

John R, Ahmed P, Gadgil       K and Sharma S. 2009. Heavy metal toxicity: Effect on plant growth, biochemical parameters and metal accumulation by Brassica juncea L. International journal of plant production 3, 3

Mohammad N I, Farzad P, Mohsen Z, Mohammad, R A and Ali K. 2011. Prediction level in lead Area in Soybean (Glycine max L.). American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 6, 110-113

Nayana S, and Malode S N. 2012. Heavy metals phytoremediation by pongamia pinnata (L) growing in contaminated soil from Municipal solid waste landfills and compost Sukali Depot Amravati. International Journal of Advanced Biological Research. 2, 147 – 152.

Obiekezie S O, Okereke J N, Anyalogbu F, Okorondu S A and Ezejiofor T N.2006.Underground water quality of rock mining Area in Ishiagu,Ebonyi State, Nigeria.Estudos de Biologia 28,61-71

Onuh M O, and Igwemma A A. 2000. Applied statistical techniques for business and basic sciences. Skill mark media L.t.d, Owerri. 176.

Onwuchekwa I S, Etok C A, Ogbonna CE. and Ezekwe, CI. 2009. Effect of mine-water on Agricultural soil quality in Ishiagu. Nigerian Journal of Microbiology. 23, 1823 – 1829.

Sahar B K, Bahram M and Farhad F. 2012. Improvement of corn yield by seed biofertilization and urea application. World Applied Sciences Journal. 16, 1239 – 1242.

Trueby P, 2003. Impact of heavy metals on forest trees from mining Areas. In: international conference on mining and the Environment 111, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.

Yildrim E,Guvenc I,Turan M, and Karatas A 2007.Effect of foliar urea application on quality, growth, mineral uptake and yield of broccoli plant.Soil Environment 53,120-128

Zengin F K and Munzuroglu O. 2003. Chromium in the environment: factors affecting biological remediation. Plant and soil. 249, 139-156