Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 15, 2014

| Download 2

Effects of physical treatments on germination and stand establishment of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L. var. Hyson) under laboratory condition

Sahar Baser Kouchebagh, Farhad Farahvash, Bahram Mirshekari, Hamdollah Kazemi Arbat, Farokh Rahimzadeh Khoei

Key Words: Germination, Irradiation, Sunflower, Priming techniques

Int. J. Biosci.5(12), 1-6, December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/5.12.1-6


IJB 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Seed priming has been reported to enhance growth of plants. To evaluate the effect of some physical seed priming materials (ultrasonic, gamma, beta and laser irradiation, magnetic field and hydro-priming) on seed germination and growth of sunflower a laboratory experiment was conducted at Islamic Azad University of Tabriz branch, using completely randomized design, with three replicates. The results revealed that the highest seed germination percent took place in seeds treated with “magnetic field” for 10 min. and lowest in those treated by ultrasonic irradiation and hydro-priming. Mean comparions indicated that the highest seedling length belonged to seeds treated by hydro-priming and beta irradiation and lowest from seeds primed by magnetic field for 5 min., magnetic field for 15 min. Higest seedling vigor index was obtained when seeds primed by magnetic field for 10 min. It may be concluded that tomato producers could improve seed germination percent by priming the seed with magnetic field for 15 min.


Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effects of physical treatments on germination and stand establishment of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L. var. Hyson) under laboratory condition

Ahmadi A, Mardeh ASS, Poustini K, Jahromi ME. 2007. Influence of osmo and hydropriming on seed germination and seedling growth in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars under different moisture and temperature conditions. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10(22), 4043-4049. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2007.4043.4049

Artk C, Peksen E. 2006. The effects of gamma irradiation on seed yield and some plant characteristics of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in M2 generation. Ondokuz-Mays-Universitesi,-Ziraat Fakultesi-Dergisi 21(1), 95-104.

Artola A, Carrillo-Castaneda G, Santos GDL. 2003. Hydropriming:  A Strategy to increase Lotus Corniculatus L. Seed vigor. Seed Science and Technology 31, 455-463.

Bradford J. 2000. Water relations in seed germination 13, 351 – 396.

Bray CM. 1995. Biochemical processes during the osmopriming of seeds. In: J. Kigel and G. Galili (eds.) Seed development and germination. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY, USA, 767-789.

Chaudhuri KS. 2002. A simple and reliable method to detect gamma irradiated lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) seeds by germination efficiency and seedling growth test. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 64, 131-136.

Dell’aquillaA, Beweley JD. 1989. Protein synthesis in the axes of polyethylene glycol treated pea seed and during subsequent germination. Journal of Experimental Botany 40, 1001-1007.

Farahvash F, Porfeaizi H, Madadi saray MA, Azarfam P. 2007. Effect of gamma irradiation on wheat physiological traits, Journal of Agricultural Sciences Islamic Azad University of Tabriz Branch year 1, number 3.

Finkelstein S, Place N, Hagiladi A. 2007. Application of secondary-treated effluents for cultivation of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and celosia (Celosia argentea L.) as cut flowers. Scientia Horticulturae 115, 62-69.

Florez M, Carbonell MV, Martinez E. 2007. Exposure of maize seed to stationary magnetic fields: Effects on germination and early growth. Environmental and Experimental Botany 29, 68-75.

Friedman H, Bernstein N, Bruner M, Rot I, Ben-Noon Z, Zuriel A, Zuriel R, Ganji Arjenaki F, Amini Dehaghi M, Jabbari R. 2011. Effects of Priming on Seed Germination of Marigold (Calendula officinalis). Advances in Environmental Biology, 5(2), 276-280.

Hampton JG. 2002. What is seed quality? Seed Science and Technology 30, 1–10.

Hernández AC, Michtchenko A, Dominguez J. 2001. Biostimulation effects of low-intensity laser light on cucumbers seeds. 6to Sexto Congreso Nacional de Ingeniería Electromecánicay de Sistemas, D.F (México). 20, 202-206.

Iqbal M, Haq ZU, Jamil Y, Ahmad MR. 2012. Effect of presowing magnetic treatment on properties of pea. International Agrophysics 26, 25-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10247-012-0004-z

Mohammadi SK, Shekari F, Fotovat R, Darudi A. 2012. Effect of laser priming on canola yield and its components under salt stress. International Agrophysics 26, 45-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10247-012-0007

Moon JDC, Sook H. 2000. Acceleration of germination of tomato seed by applying AC electric and magnetic fields. Journal of Electrostatics. 48, 103-114.

Ouf SA, Abdel-Hady NF. 1999. Influence of He-Ne Laser Irradiation of Soybean seeds on seed myclofora, growth, nodulation, and resistance to Fusarium solani. Folia Microbiologica 44, 388–396.

Podleoeny J, Pietruszewsi S, Podleoena A. 2004. Efficiency of themagnetic treatment of broad bean seeds cultivated under experimental plot conditions. International Agrophysics 18, 65-71.

Racuciu M, Creanga D, Horga I. 2008. Plant growth under static magnetic field influence. Romania Journal Physics 53, 353–359.

Shaban N, Kartalov P, Kolarov V. 1988. Influence of laser irradiation of seeds on some physiological behaviour of cucumbers. Plant Sciences, (Bulgaria) 225(5), 64–68.

Silvianeam U, Marariu VV. 2005. Plant growth in experimental space flight magnetic field conditions. Romanian Journal of Biophysics (Rom J Biophys).. 15(1-4), 41-46 P.

Soltani F, Kashi A, Arghavani M. 2006a. Effect of magnetic field on Asparagus officinalis L. seed germination and seedling growth. Seed Science and Technology 34(5), 349-353.

Soltani F, Kashi A, Arghavani M. 2006b. Effect of magnetic field on Ocimun basilicum seed germination and seedling growth. Acta Horticulturae, 723, 279-282.

Vasilevski G. 2003. Perspectives of the applicatoion of biophysical methods in sustainable agriculture. Bulgarian Journal of Plant Physiology 179-186.

Yaldagard M, Mortazavi SA. 2008. Application of ultrasonic waves as a priming technique for the germination of barley seed. The Journal of The Institute of Brewing (JIB). 114(1), 14-21.

Yinan L, Yuan L, Yongquing Y, Chunyang L. 2005. Effect of seed pre-treatment by magnetic field on the sensitivity of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) seedlings to ultraviolet- B radiation. Environmental and Experimental Botany 54, 286-294.

Chen Y, Yuea M, Wanga X. 2005. Influence of He-Ne laser irradiation on seeds thermodynamic parameters and seedlings growth of Isatis indogotica. Plant Science 168, 601-606.