Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 1, 2021

VIEWS 6
| Download 2

Effects of physico-chemical characteristics of Bigaan River to the species richness and distribution of freshwater Ichthyofauna

Gina C Lacang, Alma N Abug, Horacio Emmanuel S Factura

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.19(5), 96-108, November 2021

Certification:

JBES 2021 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess the physicochemical characteristics of Bigaan River and determine species richness and distribution of Ichthyofauna. Water samples were collected from three sampling sites of Brgy. Gango, Brgy. Indahag and Brgy. Cugman using grab sampling method during the wet season to determine water quality parameters namely: Total Solids, Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Conductivity, Density, Redox Potential (ORP), pH, Salinity, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Nitrates, Potassium, Phosphate, and Mercury while other parameters were measured onsite namely: Temperature, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), and Flowrate. The collection of fish species was done using purposive sampling. The findings of the study revealed that all physicochemical parameters have not exceeded the given standard values of DAO 2016-08. Results also showed significant differences in the parameters: total dissolved solids and turbidity. There were five identified Ichthyofauna species present in Bigaan River and it showed low diversity. Puntius binotatus is the most abundant species and Oreochromis niloticus is the least number of Ichthyofauna species. The Ichthyofauna species richness and distribution identified in Bigaan River have different tolerance on water quality. Some species were tolerant and sensitive to the water quality fluctuations and they were absent in a particular area. Although Bigaan River is within the acceptable level for Class C waters according to DAO-2016-08; however, water quality in Bigaan River limits the condition of Ichthyofauna species survival and growth because it was disrupted by sudden changes in the water quality.

VIEWS 6

Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effects of physico-chemical characteristics of Bigaan River to the species richness and distribution of freshwater Ichthyofauna

Akaahan TJA, Olabanji FM, Azua ET. 2017. Studies on regression analysis between Electrical Conductivity and Total Dissolved Solids as environmental variables in lower river Benue, Makurdi, Nigeria. African Journal of Water Conservation and Sustainability 5(5), 221-229.

Akhtar MM, Tang Z. 2013. Identification of contamination sources and TDS     concentration in groundwater of second biggest city of Pakistan. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 4(3), 341.

Al-Samawi AAA, Al-Hussaini SNH. 2016. The oxidation reduction potential distribution along Diyala river within Baghdad city. Mesopotamia Environmental Journal 2(4).

Atwebembeire J, Bazira J, Kagoro G, Yatuha J, Andama M, Bunny JL. 2018. The physico-chemical quality of streams and channels draining into river Rwizi, South Western Uganda.

Auliar R, Bekaroo G. 2020. A smart fish feeding system for internet of things based aquariums. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications (pp. 1-8).

Bell J, Barnes D, Turner J. 2002. The importance of micro and macromorphological variation in the adaptation of a sublittoral demosponge to current extremes. Marine Biology 140(1), 75-81.

Briciu AE, Graur A, Oprea DI. 2020. Water Quality Index of Suceava River in Suceava City Metropolitan Area. Water 12(8), 2111.

Cabuga Jr CC. 2017. Comparative fluctuating asymmetry of spotted barb (Puntius binotatus) sampled from the Rivers of Wawa and Tubay, Mindanao, Philippines. Computational Ecology and Software 7(1), 8.

Canencia OP, Gomez AL. 2016. Water Quality Standards and Plankton Species Composition in Selected River System in Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines.

Chapman JM, Proulx CL, Veilleux MA, Levert C, Bliss S, Andre ME, Cooke SJ. 2014. Clear as mud: a meta-analysis on the effects of sedimentation on freshwater fish and the effectiveness of sediment-control measures. Water research 56, 190-202.

Colaço CD, Yabuki LNM, Rolisola AM, Menegário AA, de Almeida E,     Suárez CA, do Nascimento Filho VF. 2014. Determination of mercury in river water by diffusive gradients in thin films using P81 membrane as binding layer. Talanta 129, 417-421.

Da Silva VDPR, Silva MT, Singh VP, de Souza EP, Braga CC, de Holanda RM, Braga ACR. 2018. Simulation of stream flow and hydrological response to land-cover changes in a tropical river basin. Catena 162, 166-176.

Desiderà E, Guidetti P, Panzalis P, Navone A, Valentini-Poirrier CA, Boissery P, Di Iorio L. 2019. Acoustic fish communities: sound diversity of rocky habitats reflects fish species diversity. Marine Ecology Progress Series 608, 183-197.

Dubey D, Kumar S, Dutta V. 2021. Impact of nutrient enrichment on habitat heterogeneity and species richness of aquatic macrophytes: evidence from freshwater tropical lakes of Central Ganga Plain, India. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 1-18.

Fondriest Environmental, Inc. 2014. Turbidity, Total Suspended Solis, and Water Clarity. Fundamental of Environmental Measurements.

Food and Agriculture Organization. 2019. Fisheries and Aquaculture- Cultured Aquatic Species Information programe, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758).

Gupta SK, Singh J. 2011. Evaluation of mollusc as sensitive indicator of heavy metal pollution in aquatic system: a review. IIOAB J 2(1), 49-57.

Iyasele JU, David J, Idiata DJ. 2015. Investigation of the Relationship Between Electrical Conductivity and Total Dissolved Solids for Mono-Valent, Di-Valent and Tri-Valent Metal Compounds. International Journal of Engineering Research and Reviews 3(1), 40-48.

Khalik WMAWM, Abdullah MP, Amerudin NA, Padli N. 2013. Physicochemical analysis on water quality status of Bertam River in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. J. Mater. Environ. Sci 4(4), 488-495.

Khetsha ZP. 2013. The effect of potassium and water quality on the yield and oil quality of Rose Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L.) (Doctoral dissertation, Bloemfontein: Central University of Technology, Free State).

Kumar PS, James EJ. 2013. Physicochemical parameters and their sources in groundwater in the Thirupathur region, Tamil Nadu, South India. Applied Water Science 3(1), 219-228.

Kyllmar K, Forsberg LS, Andersson S, Mårtensson K. 2014. Small agricultural monitoring catchments in Sweden representing environmental impact. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 198, 25-35.

Lim SJ, Oh DH, Khosravi S, Cha JH, Park SH, Kim KW, Lee KJ. 2013. Taurine is an essential nutrient for juvenile parrot fish Oplegnathus fasciatus. Aquaculture 414, 274-279.

Maglangit FF, Galapate RP, Bensig EO. 2014. Physicochemical-assessment of the water quality of Bulacao River, Cebu, Philippines. J Biodiv Environ Sci 5, 518-525.

Marandi A, Polikarpus M, Jõeleht A. 2013. A new approach for describing the relationship between electrical conductivity and major anion concentration in natural waters. Applied geochemistry 38, 103-109.

Miao S, DeLaune RD, Jugsujinda A. 2006. Influence of sediment redox conditions on release/solubility of metals and nutrients in a Louisiana Mississippi River deltaic plain freshwater lake. Science of the total environment 371(1-3), 334-343.

Naceradska J, Pivokonsky M, Pivokonska L, Baresova M, Henderson RK, Zamyadi A, Janda V. 2017. The impact of pre-oxidation with potassium   permanganate on cyanobacterial organic matter removal by coagulation. Water research 114, 42-49.

Nivelle R, Gennotte V, Kalala EJK, Ngoc NB, Merland C, Rougeot C. 2019. Temperature preference of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) juveniles induces spontaneous sex reversal. PLoS ONE 14(2), e0212504.

Popenda A. 2014. Effect of redox potential on heavy metals and as behavior in dredged sediments Desalination and water treatment 52(19-21), 3918-3927.

Raji MIO, Ibrahim YKE, Tytler BA, Ehinmidu JO. 2015. Physicochemical characteristics of water samples collected from River Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria. Atmospheric and climate sciences 5(03), 194.

Reid G McG, Contreras MacBeath T, Csatad K. 2013. Global Challenges in Freshwater Fish Conservation Related to Public Aquarium Industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1), 6-45

Sagar TP, Singh S, Singh V, Baghel SR, Dwivedi AK. 2012. Effect of water pH on growth and production of fish in the Coka Dam Papara Distt. Satna (MP). International Journal of Pharmacy & Life Sciences 3(9).

Shapley P. 2011. Temperature Effects on Density. University of Illinois.

Simeon EO, Idomo KBS, Chioma F. 2019. Physicochemical Characteristics of Surface Water and Sediment of Silver River, Southern Ijaw, Bayelsa State, Niger Delta, Nigeria. American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering 3(2), 39-46.

Swiatla-Wojcik D, Pabis A, Szala J. 2008. Density and temperature effect on hydrogen-bonded clusters in water-MD simulation study. Central European Journal of Chemistry 6(4), 555-561.

Uddin MN, Alam MS, Mobin MN, Miah MA. 2014. An Assessment of the River Water Quality Parameters: A case of Jamuna River. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources 7(1), 249-256.

Walag AMP, Canencia MOP. 2016. Physico-Chemical Parameters and Macro Benthic Invertebrates of the Intertidal Zone of Gusa, Cagayn de Oro City, Philippines. AES Bioflux 8, 1.

Zakeyudin MS, Isa MM, Md Rawi CS, Md Shas AS. 2012. Assessment of Suitability of Kerian River Tributaries using Length Weight Relationship and Relative Condition Factor of Six Freshwater Fish Species, Journal of Environmental. Earth Science 2, 52-60.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background